Total views : 144

Hydrochemical Evalution of Groundwater in an Industrial Area Chrompet

Affiliations

  • Department of Civil Engineering, Sathyabama University, Chennai – 600119, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


Objectives: To analyze the physical and chemical characteristics of a groundwater samples (Tannery industrial area). The suitability of groundwater for domestic purpose has been interpreted using Geographical Information system. Methods/Materials: Groundwater samples were collected and analyzed for various physico-chemical parameters as per the standard procedures prescribed by American Public Health Association (APHA) using standard techniques, to determine Colour, Odour, Turbidity, conductivity, pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), alkalinity, Methyl Orange Alkalinity Total Hardness, Carbonate Hardness, Non Carbonate Hardness, Phenopthenlein, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, sulphate, Iron, Nitrate, and Silica and compared with water quality standards. Findings: Colour, pH (ranges 7.36 to 8.33), Methyl Orange Alkalinity (ranges 2 to 67 mg/l), Phenopthenlein Alkalinity (maximum 82 mg/l), Calcium (<0.01), Magnesium (ranges 4.7 to 14.8 mg/l), Chloride ranges 325 to 642), Sulphate (ranges 24 to 52 mg/l), Iron (<0.01), Nitrate (2 to 28 mg/l), were within the permissible limit. The study reveals that the concentration of Turbidity (5 to 25 NTU), EC (1752 to 4365 micromhos/cm), Total dissolved solids (ranges 863 to 2952 mg/l) and Total Hardness (ranges 300 to 2143 mg/l), exceeding the permissible limit. Groundwater is unsuitable for domestic uses. Application/Implements: By implementing new technology like permeable reactive barrier near the effluent discharged area and around the solid waste dumping area it can minimize the groundwater contamination. Thus, this study indicates the impact of effluents from tanneries. To highlight the impact of tannery effluent on groundwater, strategically analyzed results are presented based on GIS.

Keywords

Domestic, Groundwater Quality, Spatial Distribution, Tanneries, GIS.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 97)

References


  • Ramesh K, Thirumangai V. Impacts of tanneries on quality of groundwater in Pallavaram, Chennai Metropolitan City. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. 2014 Jan; 4(1):63–70.
  • Katiyar S. Impact of tannery effluent with special reference to seasonal variation on physico-chemical characteristics of river water at Kanpur (U.P.) India. Journal of Environment Analytic. 2011 Dec; 1(4):1–8. Crossref
  • Tewari A, Dubey A, Singh P. Impact of tanning industries on ground water resources. Journal of Environmental Research and Development. 2012 Jan–Mar; 6(1): 609–15.
  • Mondal NC, Sazena VK, Singh VS. Assessment of groundwater pollution due to tannery industries in and around Dindigul, Tamilnadu, India. Environmental Geology. 2005 Jun; 48(1):149–57. Crossref
  • Brindha K, Elango L. Impact of tanning industries on groundwater quality near a metropolitan city in India. Water Resource Manage. 2012 Feb; 26(1):1747–61. Crossref
  • Zahir H, Ahmeduzzaman M. A case study on the impact of the leather industries on the ground water aquifer in Bangladesh. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering. 2012 Oct; 12(5):52–6.
  • Sadashivaiah C, Ramakrishnaiah CR, Ranganna G. Hydrochemical analysis and evaluation of groundwater quality in TumkurTaluk Karnataka State India. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2008 Sep; 5(3):158–64. Crossref
  • Govindarajan M, Senthilnathan T. Ground water quailty and its health impact analysis in an industrial area. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied sciences. 2014 Jul; 3(7):1028–34.
  • Karpagam V, Ramesh K. Assessment of groundwater quality of chrompet industrial area by water quality index method. International Journal of Engineering Technology Management and Applied Sciences. 2015 Jul; 3(7):123–32.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.