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Enhanced Performance of Isolated Wind-Diesel (IWD) Hybrid System feeding Heavy Load under various Operating Conditions

Affiliations

  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh - 160014, Punjab, India

Abstract


Objectives: To check /validate the stiffness of IW-D Hybrid System by putting heavy load of 150 hp at various loading conditions. And, to implement the remedies to the ill-conditions/operating conditions like frequency runaway and varying wind speed and to study the effect of these conditions on overall system as well as on heavy load. Further, to improve system performance, a suitable controller is to be incorporated with pitch angle control system. Method/Statistical Analysis: The electromechanical dynamics of various large electrical machines are represented by their full order models. The models of synchronous machine (7th order) of diesel genset, SEIG (5th order) and heavy load (5th order) are simulated to obtain power and voltage dynamics. The system dynamics consist of higher order differential equations, which are solved by converting into simpler algebraic equations related to current and voltage that are solved in short time by using phasor simulation in MATLAB/Simulink environment. Findings: The hybrid power systems are becoming popular because of greater efficiency and balance of energy supply. Due to many advantages like ruggedness, inexpensiveness and requirement of less maintenance in contrast to other electrical machines, heavy load like 3-ϕ squirrel cage induction motor that shares a major part of the total electrical portion on any power system. From the exhaustive study of, it is found that very few authors have worked on such system and the performance of the heavy load is either not considered of if taken into account it is not considered in detail. In this paper, an IW-D Hybrid Power System feeding heavy load is considered to analyze/ check the stiffness of IW-D Hybrid System. Few ill-conditions like frequency runaway and varying wind speed affects the system functioning and have considerable impact on the heavy load is reported in few papers but its remedy is not implemented or if given, the ill effect of these problems on the heavy load is not considered which needs great attention. Therefore, the solutions of above problems are mentioned in this work. Application/Improvement: The dynamic performance of modified IW-D Hybrid System has been validated and checked in context with ruggedness by putting heavy load of 150 hp at normal and overload condition. The dynamic behavior of IW-D System as well as heavy load has been improved for frequency runaway. Further, a PI controller including pitch servo is implemented to control the output of SEIG driven by wind turbine in case of varying wind speed, which improves the dynamic performance of the system.

Keywords

Diesel Genset, Dummy Load, Excitation Capacitor, Heavy Load (3-Φ Squirrel Cage Induction Motor), Hybrid System, Isolated Wind-Diesel (IW-D) Self Excited Induction Generator (SEIG), Static Load.

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