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An Assessment-based Metamodel towards a Best Practice Assessment Model in Higher Education


  • Department of Information System, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Department of Computer Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia


Objectives: There are numerous assessment practices being implemented by higher education practitioners. However, these best practices are not widely shared. In this study, a metamodel that shares the best practices is created to denote important concepts and knowledge related. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The development is using 8-steps metamodelling approach adapted in, this approach uses various models to analyse and construct the concepts, rules, constraint and relationships to model a predefined class of problem domain. There are twenty assessment models used for development and validation. The validation technique used is comparison against other model, in order to check the completeness of the metamodel. Then, the propose knowledge repository is created to represent the practicality of the metamodel. Findings: The resultant from metamodeling development is the Assessment-based Metamodel represented using UML class diagram. The concepts embedded together with the relationships cover 16 important related concepts. The creation of the metamodel can be used as a foundation of Assessment Knowledge Repository (AKR). It gathers all concepts, processes and allows various approaches to be easily shared and communicated. The AKR also consists of a collection of best practices in assessment viewed by various levels of stakeholders. Application/Improvements: This study proposes the Assessment-based Metamodel which has a capability to capture various knowledge and best practices in implementing assessment in higher education. The metamodel enables people to communicate in a well-defined language, simultaneously easy for knowledge sharing and helps in decision making. While the AKR demonstrates the usefulness of the metamodel.


Best Practice, Higher Education, Metamodelling Approach, Metamodel, Student Assessment, Quality Assurance.

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