Total views : 343

Review on Knowledge Sharing Behavior Studies: Theories and Research Approaches

Affiliations

  • Department of Information System, Faculty of Computing, University Technology Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Abstract


Objectives: There are still less empirical research that has been conducted regarding individual issues that shape behaviors, intentions, attitudes and beliefs in knowledge sharing. However, in order to proceed the study on examining the knowledge sharing behavior, it is important to first analyze the most suitable research approaches and theoretical framework that can be used in this study. Methods/Statistical Analysis: This paper investigates the research approaches used for examining knowledge sharing behavior by reviewing 118 papers on regarding this topic which were retrieved from five online databases which are IEEE, Science Direct, Emerald, ACM Digital Library and Web of Science. Findings: This paper concludes that survey method is the most suitable research method for examining the knowledge sharing behavior. Most of the study uses a theory to explain the each factor that they found. The theories that were mostly used in the previous research were Theory of Planned Behavior and Theory of Reasoned Action. Result shows that there were insufficient studies on knowledge sharing behavior in education compared to other domain. Previous researches were mostly focusing on undergraduate and postgraduate student and there were limited studies on postgraduate student as the main subject. Thus by realizing this gap, a study on knowledge sharing behavior among postgraduate students is needed to solve the knowledge sharing behavior barriers found in the university context.

Keywords

Knowledge Sharing, Knowledge Sharing Behavior, Research Approaches, Theoretical Framework

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 493)

References


  • Davenport TH, Prusak L. Working knowledge: How organizations manage what they know. Harvard Business Press; 1998.
  • Moshabbaki A, Jaha’nyan S. A trust-based model for knowledge sharing in ERP adopting organizations. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice. 2009; 10(1).
  • Al-Busaidi KA, Olfman L, Ryan T, Leroy G. Sharing knowledge to a knowledge management system: Examining the motivators and the benefits in an Omani organization. Journal of Organizational Knowledge Management. 2010 Jan; 2010:1–12.
  • Viju Mathew S. KM Strategies (Part 1): Key to change and development in business. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice. 2011 Mar, 12(1).
  • Creswell JW. Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. SAGE Publications. 2013 Mar.
  • Patton MQ. Qualitative evaluation and research methods. SAGE Publications Inc; 1990.
  • Tashakkori A, Teddlie C. Applied social research methods series. International Education and Professional Publishers. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications; 1998.
  • Gregor S. The nature of theory in information systems. MIS Quarterly. 2006 Sep; 30(3):611–42.
  • Popper K. The logic of scientific discovery. Routledge; 2005 Nov.
  • Simon H A. The sciences of the artificial. MIT press; 1996 Sep.
  • Doty DH, Glick WH. Typologies as a unique form of theory building: Toward improved understanding and modeling. Academy of Management Review. 1994 Apr; 19(2):230–51.
  • Bandara W, Miskon S, Fielt E. A systematic, tool-supported method for conducting literature reviews in information systems. Proceedings of the19th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2011); 2011. p. 1–14.
  • Choudrie J, Dwivedi YK. Investigating the research approaches for examining technology adoption issues. Journal of Research Practice. 2005 Mar; 1(1):1–12.
  • Yu X, Yang Z, Wang M, Lai Y. Elements of affecting knowledge sharing behavior between exchange and native students based on TPB theory. 2011 International Conference on Information Management, Innovation Management and Industrial Engineering; 2011 Nov 2. p. 55–8.
  • Rehman M, Mahmood AK, Salleh R, Amin A. Review of factors affecting knowledge sharing behavior. 2011 International Conference on E-business, Management and Economics IPEDR; Hong Kong: IACSIT Press. 2011; 3:1–5.
  • Boer NI, Berends H, van Baalen P. Relational models for knowledge sharing behavior. European Management Journal. 2011 Apr; 29(2):85–97.
  • Ajzen I. The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 1991 Dec; 50(2):179–211.
  • Gagne RM, Fleishman EA. Psychology and human performance. New York: Holt; 1959.
  • Locke EA. Interaction of ability and motivation in performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1965 Feb; 21(3):719– 25.
  • Liska AE. A critical examination of the causal structure of the Fishbein/Ajzen attitude-behavior model. Social Psychology Quarterly. 1984 Mar; 47(1):61–74.
  • Triandis HC. Interpersonal behavior. Brooks/Cole Pub Co; 1977.
  • Kuhl J. Volitional mediators of cognition-behavior consistency: Self-regulatory processes and action versus state orientation. Action Control; 1985. p. 101–28.
  • Fishbein M, Ajzen I. Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. 1977; 10(2):130–2.
  • Ghelichkhani M, Khaiami R. A knowledge sharing model for Iranian educational and research organizations. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Oct; 8(28):1–8.
  • Alotaibi H, Crowder R, Wills G. Investigating factors for knowledge sharing using web technologies. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Technologies; 2013 Sep. p. 1–4.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.