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Effect of Cr Addition on Mechanical Properties and Wear Rate of Cast Al-Cu Alloy
Objectives: This paper investigates the effect of Cr addition on hardness, tensile properties and wear behaviour of Al-4.5Cu alloy A206. Methodology: The base alloy was melted and stirred well, fine Cr powder added in required amount, in oil fired pit furnace and poured into a permanent cast iron mold. The cast specimens were solution heat treated at 540⁰C for 4 hrs and were aged at 170⁰C for 17 hrs and 20 hrs. The as-cast and aged specimens were subjected to microstructure and EDAX evaluation followed by hardness, tensile and wear testing. Findings: The microstructure analysis and EDAX analysis reported an irregularly distributed polyhedral structures that appear blocky due to the phase formation of Al-Cr-Mn-Fe-Si. The hardness, ultimate tensile strength and yield strength were found to increase, reach a peak value and then decrease upon further chromium addition in aged condition. The wear rate decreased with increasing hardness and coefficient of friction remained constant with time. Application/Improvements: Evaluate the effect of Cr in Al alloys on the mechanical strength and wear properties.
Al-Cu Alloy, Cr Addition, Heat Treatment, Tensile Properties, Wear Rate.
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