Total views : 238
Differences in the Influence of College Students’ Self-Esteem for Getting-a-Job on Job Search Behavior Intensity in South Korea
Objectives: We explored the moderating role of college ranking and sex differences in the influence of college students’ self-esteem for getting-a-job on job search behavior intensity in South Korea. Methods/Statistical analysis: To achieve the research purpose, we surveyed four hundred and two undergraduate students in four colleges in highest class colleges and four colleges in around 100th place in South Korea. The research participants were selected based on the result of the 2015 university assessment report released by an influential daily newspaper in South Korea. To measure Self-esteem for getting-a-job and Job search behavior, we used multidimensional scales for each. Findings: As results of factor analysis, we got different factor structures against initial expectations. Factor analysis on Self-esteem for getting-a-job produced six sub factors: Confidence in career decision, self-understanding, Confidence in preparing getting-a-job, Efficacy in utilizing personal relationship, Confidence in decision-making. Factor analysis on Job search behavior produced three sub factors: Job-searching, Self-searching, Advice-seeking. The results showed that while there were no obvious differences between college ranking groups in Self-esteem for getting-a-job, clear differences between the sexes in Self-esteem for getting-ajob. Our initial expectation was that there were large differences between groups of college ranking in Self-esteem for getting-a-job and Job search behavior. There was a difference between groups of college ranking in Self-understanding only. The interaction effect of the sexes and the college ranking groups was appeared Confidence in preparing gettinga- job only. As results of regression analysis, Confidence in career decision, Self-understanding, and Efficacy in utilizing personal relationship influenced Job-searching and Advice-seeking. Confidence in decision-making influenced Jobsearching only. And Confidence in preparing getting-a-job and Confidence in decision-making influenced Self-searching only. Improvements/Applications: Students need not to be discouraged or lose their confidence in getting-a-job by attending simply lower ranking college but not higher ranking college.
College Ranking, Sex Differences, Self-Esteem for Getting-a-Job, Job Search Behavior, Korean Culture.
- Gordon VN. The Undecided Student. A developmental perspective. Personnel and Guidance Journal. 1981 Mar; 59(7):433–39.
- Pierce JJ, Gardner DG, Cummings LL, Dunham RB. Organization-based self-esteem: construct definition, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal. 1989 Sep;32(3):622–48.
- Franzoi SL, Shields SA. The body esteem scale: multidimensional structure and sex differences in a college population. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1984 Apr; 48(2):173–8.
- Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent child. Princeton. Princeton University Press.1965.
- Pysczynski T, Greenberg G, Solomon S, Arndt J, Schimmel J. Why do people need self-esteem? A theoretical and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin. 2004 May; 130(3):435–68.
- Kling KC, Hyde JS, Showers CJ, Buswell BN. Gender differences in self-esteem: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin. 1999 Jul; 125(4):470–500.
- Barber AE, Daly CL, Giannantonio CM, Phillips JM. Job search activities: an examination of change over time. Personnel Psychology. 1994 Dec; 47(4):739–66.
- Kanfer R, Wanberg CR, Kantrowitz TM. Job search and employment: a personality-motivational analysis and meta-analytic review. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2001 Oct; 86(5):837–55.
- Schwab DP, Rynes SL, Aldag RJ. Theories and research on job search and choice, in: research in personnel and human resource management. CT: JAI Press. 1987; 5:129–66.
- Dong-son C. The relationship between career exploration behavior and motivational factors and attachment of undergraduate students, unpublished doctoral dissertation, seoul national university, Seoul. South Korea. 2003.
- Bong-Whan K, Kay-Hyon K. Career decision level and career preparation behavior of the college students. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy. 1997; 9(1):311–33.
- Stumpf SA, Colarelli SM, Hartman K. Development of the Career Exploration Survey(CES). Journal of Vocational Behavior. 1983 Apr; 22(2):191–226.
- Je-Kyung L, Dong-Il K. Employment preparation behavior of the college students focused on the psychological differences. The Korean Journal of Counseling. 2004; 5(4):993–1016.
- Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press.1965.
- Baumeister RF, Twenge JM, Lerner J, Weiner IB. The social self. in: handbook of psychology. Theodore Millon. Melvin. 2003.
- Korman AK. Self-esteem as a moderator of the relationship between self-perceived abilities and vocational choice. Journal of Applied Psychology. 1967; 51:65–7.
- CareerNet. http://www.career.go.kr/cnet/. Date Accessed:2015.
- Hyoundong K. Investigating predictors for job preferences of college students: self-esteem and future career information. The Korean Journal of Vocational Education Research. 2014; 33(6):81–96.
- Erikson E. Childhood and Society. 2nd edition, New York. Norton. 1963.
- Jin Hwa J, Hyo-Yong S, Hyunsook K. Affirmative action in korea: its impact on women’s employment, corporate performance and economic growth. The Korean Journal of Women and Economics. 2013 Dec; 10(2):75–103.
- Kahng EJ, Kyoung S. Effects of job loss on self-esteem: focusing on gender difference. Health and Social Welfare Review. 2015; 35(1):84–109.
- Joongang Ilbo. 2015 University Assessment report. http://univ.joongang.co.kr. Date Accessed: 2015.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.