Total views : 277
Modelling of Energy and Water Supplies in Hotels in Lanzarote and Fuerteventura with and Without Desalination Plant (SWROP).
Objectives: This article presents a comparative study of energy and water consumption in four-star hotels in the Canary Islands (Spain), specifically on the islands of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, with and without desalination sea water reverse osmosis plants (SWROP), of order to define a pattern of consumption based on the average occupancy rates of different establishments. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The method used for regression calculations of the data obtained has been, initially the data collection and filtration, perform the mean arithmetic of the data according to the intervals calculated, perform calculations and generate the correlation graphs of the different models, change the occupancy rates to a percentage and use all the values for the total calculation as if it were a single hotel, calculate the final model of energy and water consumption for establishments, and create a valid algorithm using the calculated regression models. Findings: We demonstrate the validity of the potential and polynomial models of regression used to calculate the approximate values for consumption of water, electricity and energy, valid for most of the hotels with an average occupancy rate of between 40% and 120%, which are typically the average occupancy rates for hotels in the Canary Islands during various months of the year. Through a calculated and demonstrated system of analysis, approximate simulations of consumption can be performed for hotels with the same or similar characteristics and modelling of reduced energy consumption can be performed by simulating occupancy values to test the level of reduction. Application/Improvements: The article concludes with the functions for the approximate calculations of energy consumption, electricity and water per guest, per day for hotels with similar characteristics to those in the study.
Energy, Efficiency, Hotels, Modelling, nZEB, SWROP, Water.
- UNWTO-UNEP. Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenge. Madrid; 2008.
- European Union. Directive 2010/31/EU of the parliament and of the council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast). Journal of the European Union. 2010; 153:13-35.
- Kraus M, Kubeckova D. Airtightness of energy efficient buildings. GSTF International Journal of Engineering Technology. 2013 Aug; 2(2):74-80.
- European Union. Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC Text with EEA relevance. Journal of the European Union. 2012; 315:1-56.
- Zigurs A, Sarma U. Implementation of the energy efficiency directive: Opportunities and challenges. Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences. 2016; 52(6):1- 10.
- Exeltur. Impactur Canarias 2014 - Study of the economic impact of tourism in the Canary Islands. Las Palmas Gran Canarias. 2015.
- Santana JS, Godenau D. Tourism migrations and labour markets in the Canary Islands. Atlantis Magazine. 2015 Oct; 6:69-99.
- ISTAC. Canary Islands Institute of Statistics. Tourism Survey. 2015.
- Employment, Industry and Trade Counselling. Government of the Canary Islands. Energy Yearbook of the Canary Islands 2014. Las Palmas Gran Canarias. 2016.
- Diaz SD, Cabrera EG, Calero AM, et al. Evaluation of potential technologies to reduce the pollution of the Canary Islands. Tenerife: University of La Laguna; 2011.
- Carbon Trust. Hospitality, Saving Energy without Compromising Service. London; 2015.
- Karagiorgas M, Drosou V, Tsoutsos Th. Solar energy and RES for the tourism sector. International Conference: RES for Island: RES and RUE for Islands, Sustainable Energy SolutionsLarnaka (Cyprus); 2004 Aug 30-31.
- Moia-Pol A, Karagiorgas M, Coll-Mayor D, Martinez-Moll V, Riba-Romeva C. Evaluation of the energy consumption in Mediterranean Islands hotels: Case study of the Balearic Islands Hotels. International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality; Palma de Mallorca. 2006 Apr.
- Directorate General of Industry and Energy of the Government of the Canary Islands. Pilot project on the characterization of the end uses of energy in different types of consumers in the Canary Islands. Tenerife: University of La Laguna; 2007.
- Chong H, Ricaurte EE. Hotel sustainability benchmarking tool 2015: Energy, water and carbon. Cornell Hospitality Reports. 2015 Jul; 5(9):6-11.
- Hotel Energy Solutions. Hotel Energy Solutions: Fostering Innovation to Fight Climate Change - Public Report. Hotel Energy. Madrid; Solutions Project Publications; 2011.
- Hotel Business Association of Madrid and Hotel Technological Institute (ITH). Benchotel Mark Madrid. Tool Energy Management in Hotels. Madrid; 2009.
- Spanish Confederation of Hotels and tourist accommodations and Hotel Technological Institute (ITH). Benchotel Mark Canary Island. Tool Energy Management in Hotels. Madrid; 2007.
- Priyadarsini R, Xuchao W, Eang LS. A study on energy performance of hotel buildings in Singapore. Energy and Buildings. 2009; 41(12):1319-34.
- Wang JC. A study on the energy performance of hotel buildings in Taiwan. Energy and Buildings. 2012; 49:268–75.
- Farrou I, Kolotroni M, Santamorius M. A method for energy classiﬁcation of hotels: A case-study of Greece. Energy and Buildings. 2012; 55:553–62.
- Bohdanowicz P, Martinac I. Determinants and benchmarking of resource consumption in hotels. Case study of Hilton International and Scandic in Europe. Energy and Buildings. 2007; 39(1):82-95.
- Vicente MAC. Obtaining the tourist water demand curve for Acapulco, Guerrero. Observatory of the Latin American Economy. 2011; 143:1-28.
- Izquierdo GE, Zabaleta AP, Perez LVV. Modelling of water and energy consumption in sun and beach hotels. Tourism and Cultural Heritage Magazine. 2014; 12(4):807-18.
- Gossling S. Global environmental consequences of tourism. Global Environmental Change. 2002 Dec; 12(4):283–302.
- NH Hotel Group. Annual Report 2014. Corporate Responsibility Report. Madrid; 2015.
- Riu Hotels Y Resort. Achievements Corporate Social responsibility. Palma de Mayorca; 2014.
- Sturges AH. The choice of a class interval Case I Computations involving a single. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 1926; 21:65-6.
- Abdi H. Least-squares. Book Chapters: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications; 2004. p. 792-5.
- Pearson K. On the criterion that a given system of deviations from the probable in the case of the correlated systems of variables is such that it can be reasonably supposed to have arisen from random sampling. Philosophical Magazine. 1900; 50(302):157-75.
- Zou KH, Tuncali K, Silverman SG. Correlation and simple linear regression. RSNA Radiology. 2003 Jun; 227(3):617-28.
- Rodriguez EM. Frequent errors in the interpretation of the coefficient of linear determination. Legal and Economic Yearbook Escurialense. 2005; 38:315-32.
- Couto MAG. Climatic atlas of the Canary Islands, Madeira and Azores archipelagos. Temperature and rainfall 1971-2010. Ed. State Agency of Meteorology. Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Madrid; 2012.
- Spanish Ministry of the Presidence. Royal Decree 1620/2007 of 7 December 2007 where is regulated the legal regime for reuse of purified waste waters. Madrid; 2007.
- Paranychianakis NV, Salgot M, Snyder SA, Angelakis AN. Water reuse in EU states: Necessity for uniform criteria to mitigate human and environmental risks. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. 2015; 45(13):1409-68.
- Spanish Ministry of the Presidence. Royal Decree 140/2003 of 7 February by which health criteria for the quality of water intended for human consumption are established. Madrid; 2003.
- State Agency of Meteorology. Short guide to climate in Spain. Directorate of Production and Infrastructures. Ver 3. Madrid; 2012.
- Spanish Ministry of the Presidence. Royal Decree 865/2003 of 4 July which established hygiene criteria for the prevention and control of Legionnaires’ disease. Madrid; 2003.
- Walczak MW, Burkowska-But A, Brzezinska MS, et al. Distribution of Legionella pneumophila in thermal pools. Clean-Soil Air Water. 2016; 44(5):532-7.
- IDAE. Calorific Values of the Main Energy Sources. Madrid; 2014.
- Jana A, Chandra B. Mediating role of customer satisfaction in the mid-market hotels: An empirical analysis. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9 (1):1-16.
- Sundaram KM, Kumar RS, Krishnakumar C, Sugavanam KR. Fuzzy logic and firefly algorithm based hybrid system for energy efficient operation of three phase induction motor drives. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9(1):1-5.
- Vijayan K, Raaza A. A novel cluster arrangement energy efficient routing protocol for wireless sensor networks. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9(2):1-9.
- Rengarajan A, Rajasekaran S, Siramdasu H, Insozhan N. A novel method for energy effectiveness by employing adaptive node coverage region. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9(2):1-6.
- Priya D, Arunarasi J, Mary AA. Efficient energy and power consumption of 3-D chip multiprocessor with NUCA architecture. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9(2):1-6.
- Thiriveni GV, Ramakrishnan M. Distributed clustering based energy efficient routing algorithm for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9(3):1-6.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.