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Mathematical Modeling of the Squirrel Cage Induction Generator based Wind Farm for Sub-Synchronous Resonance Analysis


  • Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Amrita University, Amritanagar, Ettimadai, Coimbatore - 641112, Tamil Nadu, India


Background/Objectives: To analyze the SSR phenomenon in a Squirrel Cage Induction Generator based Wind farm connected to series compensated transmission line at varying operating conditions. Methods/Statistical Analysis: There is a remarkable rise in the renewable energy sector in the current energy demand scenario, but their grid integration leads to various power system stability issues. In the case of wind power, wind farms being located far away from the grid, the integration of large scale wind farms to the utility grid requires high transmission line capacity to transport huge amount of wind power. In order to provide the power transfer capability and to improve the system stability, series compensation is the effective solution. But the series compensation may cause SSR oscillations in the system. Eigen value analysis is the method chosen to perform the Small Signal Stability analysis which examines the potential of SSR in the study system. Findings: The study investigates on the application of series capacitor for series compensation which is required during the grid integration. Series compensation of transmission line causes electro-mechanical oscillations at a sub-synchronous frequency which may finally result in serious damages in the system such as shaft failure. In order to perform the Eigen value analysis, detailed mathematical modeling of the system is developed. The pitch angle control is not taken into account while developing the system, whereas the strength of the transmission line is considered. The interconnection of three sub systems provides the complete model of the study system. The identification of system modes and damping of torsional and network modes are analyzed for various wind speed levels, various series compensation levels and various grid impedance levels. It has been observed that different grid impedance levels have a significant effect on the torsional mode oscillations of the system. Application/Improvements: As the overall system model is linearised, optimal control techniques can be developed as an application to mitigate the SSR oscillations and thereby improve the system stability.


Eigen Value Analysis, Grid Integration, Modal Analysis, Squirrel Cage Induction Generator, Sub-Synchronous Resonance.

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