Total views : 323
Formation of Titanium Carbide Particles from Cu–Ti–C Metal MELT
Background: The relevance of this research is determined by the necessity of developing new hardened and high-conductivity alloys. Therefore, it aims at studying the possibility of producing disperse hardening carbide particles in a metal copper melt directly. Method: Fact Sage v.7.0 SW package (SGTE database) was used for the thermodynamic simulation of phase equilibria. Experimental work to review the results of interactions processes of a copper-titanium alloy and graphite was also conducted. Metal specimens of the Cu-Ti-C system were obtained during the experimental research. The shape and composition of produced non-metal inclusions were determined, while studying the experimental specimens using a scanning-electron microscope and electron microprobe analysis. Findings: A thermodynamic simulation of phase equilibria in the copper corner of the equilibrium diagram of a Cu-Ti-C system under the conditions of a copper-based liquid-alloy available in a temperature range of 1100 to 1500°С was done within the framework of this research. Simulation results are presented as a liquidus surface, specifying areas of existence of phases that are conjugated with the metal melt. According to our simulation, non-stoichiometric titanium carbide of variable composition will be a phase that is in equilibrium with the metal melt against significant titanium concentration in the copper liquid-alloy. It is found that non-metal inclusions in the experimental samples that were obtained under exposure of the metal melt in contact with graphite are represented by titanium carbide particles of the size 5 μm at most. Carbon to titanium ratio in the particles is C/Ti=0.76. No titanium carbides are produced, if the copper-titanium metal melt is poured into a graphite casting form. Improvements: Outputs may be used to analyze technological processes in copper and copper-based alloy production and to develop compositions of alloying compositions for metal matrix composite production.
Cu-T-C System, Metal Matrix Composites, Phase Equilibria, Thermodynamic Simulation.
- Kurdiumov AV. Production of non-ferrous alloy casts: a textbook for college students. Mettalurgia: Moscow; 1986.
- Jarfors AEW. The influence of carbon on the phases in the copper-titanium system and their precipitation. Journal of Materials Science. 1999; 34:4533–44. DOI: 10.1023/A:1004649624362.
- Trofimov EA, Nikonova OV, Samoylova OV, Ryaboshuk SV. Analysis of copper hardening potentialities via exogenous dispersed particles of titanium carbide. Nanotechnologies of Functional Materials (NFM'14). Proceedings of the International Scientific and Technical Conference. 2014 Jun 24–28, Saint Petersburg; 2014. p. 167–9.
- Frage N, Froumin N, Rubinovich L, Dariel MP. Infiltrated TiC/Cu composites. Kneringer G, Rödhammer P, Wildner H, editors, 15th International Plansee Seminar. Plansee Holding AG, Reutte. 2001; 1:202–16. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/133/1/012020.
- Mortimer DA, Nicholas M. The wetting of carbon and carbides by copper alloys. Journal of Materials Science. 1973; 8:640–8.
- Danelia EP, Rozenberg VM. Internal-oxidized alloys. Mettalurgia: Moscow; 1978.
- Danelia EP, Teplitskii MD, Solopov VI. Morphology of segregation and dispersion hardening in internal-oxidized alloys of copper-aluminum-titanium-zirconium system. Physics and Science of Metals. 1979; 47(3):595–604.
- Swisher JH, Fuchs EO. Dispersion-strengthening of copper by internal oxidation of two-phase copper–zirconium alloys. Journal: Institute of Metals. 1970; 98:129–33.
- Takahashi T, Hashimoto Y, Omori S, Koyama K. Dispersion hardening of Cu–Al–Ti alloys by internal oxidation. Transactions of the Japan Institute of Metals. 1985; 26(4):271–79. http://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans1960.26.271.
- Takahashi T, Hashimoto Y, Omori S, Koyama K. Phase and morphology of ZrO2 in internally oxidized dilute Cu–Zr alloys. Transactions of the Japan Institute of Metals. 1986; 27(7):552–8.
- Narayanasamy R, Anandakrishnan V, Pandey KS. Some aspects on plastic deformation of copper and copper-titanium carbide powder metallurgy composite preforms during cold upsetting. International Journal of Material Forming. 2008; 1(4):189–209.
- Liang YH, Wang HY, Yang YF, Wang YY, Jiang QC. Evolution process of the synthesis of TiC in the Cu–Ti–C system. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2008; 452:298–303.
- Bagheri GhA, Abachi P, Purazrang K, Rostami A. Production of Cu–TiC nanocomposite using mechanical alloying route. Advanced Materials Research. 2014; 829:572–6.
- Imai H, Kondoh K, Li S, Umeda J, Fugetsu B, Takahashi M. Microstructural and electrical properties of copper-titanium alloy dispersed with carbon nanotubes via powder metallurgy process. Materials Transactions. 2014; 55(3):522–7.
- Wang F, Li Y, Wakoh K, Koizumi Y, Chiba A. Cu–Ti–C alloy with high strength and high electrical conductivity prepared by two-step ball-milling processes. Materials & Design. 2014; 61:70–4.
- Premkumar MK, Chu MG. Synthesis of TiC particulates and their segregation during solidification in in situ processed Al–TiC composites. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A. 1993; 24A:2358–62.
- Yuan H, Zhou Z, Wang Z, Zhong Zh, Zhang X, Xue X. Effect of melting temperature on microstructure of in situ TiC/Al composite and formation mechanism of TiC. Advanced Materials Research. 2014; 989–994:320–4.
- Chrysanthou A, Erbaccio G. Production of copper-matrix composites by in situ processing. Journal of Materials Science. 1995; 30:6339–44.
- Kennedy AR, Brown M, Menekse O. Microstructure and dispersion of Cu–TiCx master alloys into molten Cu and the relation to contact angle data. Journal of Materials Science. 2005; 40:2449–52.
- Oden LL, Gokcen NA. Cu–C and Al–Cu–C phase diagrams and thermodynamic properties of C in the alloys from 1550 °С to 2300 °С. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. 1992; 23B:453–58. DOI: 10.1007/BF02649664.
- Okamoto H. Supplemental literature review of binary phase diagrams: Ag–Cl, Br–Pb, Br–Zn, C–Cu, Ce–Zr, Cl–Zn, Fe–Lu, Fe–Tm, Ga–V, Nd–Ti, Nd–Zr, and Si–Ta. Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion. 2016; 372(2):246–57. DOI: 10.1007/s11669-012-0063-7.
- Bickerdike RL, Hughes G. An examination of part of the titanium–carbon system. Journal of Less Common Metals. 1959; 1(1):42–9.
- Seifert HJ, Lukas HL, Petzow G. Thermodynamic optimization of the Ti–C system. Journal of Phase Equilibria. 1996; 17(1):24–35.
- Van Loo FJJ, Bastin GF. On the diffusion of carbon in titanium carbide. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A. 1989; 20A:403–11.
- Shatynski SR. The thermochemistry of transition metal carbides. Oxidation of Metals. 1979; 13(2):105–18.
- Murray JL. The Cu-Ti (copper-titanium) system. Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams. 1983; 4(1):81–95.
- Mao W, Yamaki T, Miyoshi N, Shinozaki N, Ogawa T. Wettability of Cu–Ti alloys on graphite in different placement states of copper and titanium at 1373 K (1100 °С). Metall. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A. 2015; 46A:2262–72. DOI: 10.1007/s11661-015-2803-x.
- Nithyanandam J, Das SL, Palanikumar K. Influence of cutting parameters in machining of titanium alloy. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015; 8(8). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8iS8/71291.
- Uchevatkina NV, Borovin YuM, Ovchinnikov VV, Zhdanovich OA, Sbitnev AG. Stressed state of the surface layer of VT6 titanium alloy after copper and lead ion implantation. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015; 8(36). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i36/90543.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.