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Automatic Soil Management System for Household Purposes


  • Department of CSE, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai - 603203, Tamil Nadu, India
  • B.Tech/CSE, SRM University, C-301 SangathPlatina, Motera, Ahmedabad-380005, Gujarat, India
  • B.Tech/CSE, SRM University, Flat 001, La Quinta Tower 2, NRI City II, Omega 2, Greater Noida-201308, Uttar Pradesh, India


Objectives: The main objective of the paper is to develop an automatic system for a domestic environment that monitors and regulates agricultural factors. Method: Arduinoboard is used which is programmed to detect the moisture content and pH content in the soil and take necessary actions to balance it. The system collects the readings of soil moisture using a soil moisture sensor and pH of soil using a pH sensor and sends it to the Arduino microcontroller. The microcontroller is coded to water the plants whenever the moisture reading of the soil goes below the standard value and spray hydrated lime to make the soil neutral. Findings: Early works have used a technology intervention was needed to predict droughts. A wireless monitoring system promises to enable real-time monitoring system for drought remotely. It can recognize droughts at early stages so that necessary actions can be taken accordingly. Due to global warming, soil conditions are affected. As a consequence, a system is made that can be a modern agriculture which differs from traditional method of agriculture. The proposed system is made in way such that the end-users are provided with real-time information about the farm by monitoring various agricultural parameters in a farm. The wireless system which is used is consists of five wireless sensor modules that are distributed over a farm. The key environmental parameters that are collected are humidity, moisture content of the soil, sunlight (luminance levels), and ambient temperature. This data that is collected by each individual sensor is transmitted to the base station through a Zig Bee radio which is wireless communication. With the help of Raspberry Pithe recorded data is displayed on Google Apps which is connected to the internet. Applications/Improvement: Making a system that is completely autonomous and caters household needs.


Agricultural Factors, Arduino, Hydrated Lime,pH, Watering Systems.

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