Total views : 4343

Upgradation in the Performance of Various Antenna Parameters by using the Concepts of Metamaterials

Affiliations

  • Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology Mesra, Patna Campus, Patna – 800014, Bihar, India

Abstract


A Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna with a size of 94 X 78 X 0.787 mm3 is put forward for IEEE 802.11 b/g/n applications where the performance of various antenna parameters is keenly improved by using Metamaterials. The Conventional Antenna is designed with the presence of Rogers RT Duroid 5870 Substrate with epsilon value of 2.33. In order to upgrade performance, EBG Structures in the form of Square Split Ring Resonator which is modified as previously been available is directly etched on the Ground Plane of Conventional Antenna. On this incorporation, we found that the Conventional Antenna which previously suffers from Narrow Bandwidth, Low Efficiency and Low Gain is sparsely enhanced where the Bandwidth was improved to +23.10%, Efficiency and Gain improved to a 17.15% and +51.35% respectively. In earlier works, the EBG Structures was attached to the radiating patch making it ineffective for modern day’s applications but here the incorporation is done without disturbing the radiating patch and the EBG Structures are modeled in such a way where it tackles mutual coupling. So keeping in view with the desires of Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) Applications certain technical issues need to be addressed where the designed prototypes fulfill them out.

Keywords

Antenna Parameters, EBG Structures, Metamaterials (MTM), Performance, Square Split Ring Resonator (SSRR), Upgradation.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 1128)

References


  • Industrial Scientific and Medical (ISM) band. Available from: https://www. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISM_Band.
  • Garg R, Bhartia P, Bahl I, Ittipiboon A. Microstrip Antenna Design Handbook. Boston: London: Artech House; 2001.
  • Weiglhofer WS, Lakhtakia A. Introduction to the complex mediums for optics and electromagnetics. SPIE Press; 2003. p. 447–78.
  • Metamaterials: The Complete Definition, History and Applications. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metamaterial
  • Cui TJ, Smith DR and Liu R. Metamaterials: Theory, Design and Applications. First Edition. New York: Springer Science; 2010.
  • Rahmat FYY, Samii. Electromagnetic Band Gap Structures in Antenna Engineering. First Edition. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2009.
  • Garg TK, Gupta SC and Patnaik SS. Metamaterial loaded frequency tunable electrically small planar patch antenna. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2011; 7(11): 1738–43.
  • Jain B, Chandrasekar N. Field energy approach for homogenization of metamaterial. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Aug; 8(20): 1–5.
  • Rameshwarudu ES, Sridevi PV. A novel triple band planar microstrip patch antenna with defected ground structure. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9(3): 1–5.
  • Meezal YS. New compact microstrip patch antennas: design and simulation result. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Mar; 9(12): 1–6.
  • Report of the Air-802 studies. Available from: http://www.air802.com/files/802-11-WiFi-Wireless-Standard and Facts.pdf
  • Behera BR, Suraj P. Metamaterials: The concept of antenna design engineering restructured. Presented at 11th International Conference on Microwaves, Antennas, Remote Sensing; 2015 Dec 15-17. p. 45–7.
  • Behera BR., Suraj P. Microstrip Patch Antenna using the (SSRR) Square Split Ring Resonator. Presented at 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication Systems; 2016 Feb 25-26. p. 1025–29.
  • Wang N, Zhang C, Zeng Q, Xu J. New dielectric 1D Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) structure for design of wideband dielectric resonator antennas. Process in Electromagnetic Research. 2013; 141: 23–48.
  • Balanis CA. Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design. 3rd Edition. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons Inc.; 2005.
  • Bhattacharya A. Modelling and Simulation of metamaterial based devices for industrial based applications. Whitepapers. CST; 2014.
  • Numan AB, Sharawi MS. Extraction of material parameters for the metamaterials by using full wave simulator. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine. 2013; 55(5): 202–11.
  • Arslangic S, Hansen TV, Mortensen NA, et al. A review of S-Parameter extraction method with clarification of ambiguity issues in relation to the metamaterial homogenization. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine. 2013; 55(5): 91–106.
  • Luukkonen O, Maslovski SI, Tretyakov SA. A stepwise NRW material parameter extraction method. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. 2011; 10: 1295–98.
  • Zsolt S, Park GH, Ravi H, et al. A unique extraction of the metamaterial parameters based on the Kramers-Kronig relationship. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. 2010; 58(10): 2646– 53.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.