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Comparison of Willingness to Perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation between Video Self-Instruction and Conventional Method

Affiliations

  • Department of Emergency Medical Services, Eulji University, 553, Sanseongdaero, Sujeonggu, Seongnam, Gyeonggido, 13135, Korea, Republic of
  • Department of Emergency Medical Services, Kangwon National University, 346, Hwangjogil, Dogyeeup, Samcheok, Gangwondo, 25949, Korea, Republic of

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of the study is to compare the effect of traditional face-to-face Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training to the video self-instruction method and to improve layperson training and cost savings. Methods/Statistical analysis: In a randomized controlled study following the control group design, a self-led video training group received 30 minutes of video instruction while a traditional training group received 30 minutes of conventional classroom instruction. Data were drawn from pre- and posttest structured group interviews and posttest CRP performance scores using Laerdal Skill Reporter manikins. Analysis of covariance was employed to verify the effect of video and traditional training on the willingness to perform CPR. Findings: The video training group (131.6) exhibited a statistically significant (p < .001) acceleration in compression speed over the traditional group (117.1), with the video group showing a statistically significant lower compression correctness rate (38.6) compared to the traditional group (59.7). Further statistically significant differences (p = .008; .002; .006) between the video training group and the traditional face-to-face group includes lower scores in CPR willingness (1.9:2.8), knowledge (3.1:3.7) and performance (3.0:3.4) in the video group compared to the traditional group. Improvements/Applications: Under identical conditions, training using video self instruction has a smaller effect on the willingness to perform CPR compared to traditional classroom instruction.

Keywords

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Layperson Training, Education, 30-Min Traditional Classroom Instruction, 30-Min Video Self-Training.

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