Total views : 321

Investigations on Aluminium wire mesh, Banana Fiber and Glass Fiber Reinforced Hybrid Composites


  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Thiruvalluvar College of Engineering and Technology, Vandavasi - 604505, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Department of Production Technology, Madras Institute of Technology, Anna University, Chennai - 600044, Tamil Nadu, India


Objectives: In the fiber metal laminates aluminium has been preferred choice when it comes to the selection of the type of metal to be used as reinforcement in FML, due to its easy of availability, favourable mix of mechanical characteristics and low cost. Among fibers, glass has been found out to be most reliable as it is cheaper than its counterparts, and at the same time does not compromise on its mechanical properties. Methods: The hand-layup process is employed to fabricate two types of composites: a normal GFRP and a GFRP hybrid. The hybrid, named GABGRP (glass-aluminium-banana-glassreinforced plastic) comprises of layers of both aluminium and banana fibers as reinforcements in a glass fiber-base. The aluminium in this study has been employed in two different forms: foil and wire mesh. The GABGRP has been fabricated, and subjected to material testing to find out aluminium in which form, aluminium is more suitable as a reinforcement. The fabricated materials are cut in accordance to ASTM standards and are subjected to various mechanical tests, namely tensile, flexural, impact and hardness tests. Findings: The investigation conducted on Glass-Aluminium Foil/Wire Mesh- Banana Fibre-Glass Hybrid Composites, it has been inferred that the GABGRP (with Al wire mesh) hybrid composite has the highest flexural strength among its counterparts. Also, the GABGRP (with Al wire mesh) hybrid composite has the highest tensile load capacity when compared with the other two composite types. GABGRP hybrid also has a higher toughness value than the standard GFRP. GABGRP (with Al wire mesh) also exhibits a lower hardness value, which shows that it is less brittle. Thus, it is inferred that the inclusion of banana fibers and aluminium wire mesh as reinforcements in GFRP hybrid composites influences its mechanical properties. Improvement/Applications: The inclusion of aluminium as wire mesh and banana fibers in GFRP that influences its mechanical properties, contributing towards a higher flexibility, ductility, impact and tensile properties.


Aluminium Foil, Aluminium Wire Mesh, Banana Fibres, Fiber Metal Laminates (FML), GABGRP (Glass- Aluminium-Banana-Glass-Reinforced Plastic), Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic (GFRP).

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 455)


  • Kaleeswaran P, Babu KMK, Kumar BSM. Fabrication of Fibre Metal Laminate (FML) and evaluation of its mechanical properties. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research. 2014; 9(26):8872–4.
  • Wei W, Gu H. Characterisation and utilization of natural coconut fibres composites. Materials and Design; 2009. p. 2741–4.
  • Chandramohan D, Marimuthu K. A review on natural fibers. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies. 2011 Aug; 8(2):194–205.
  • Sapuan SM, Leenie A, Harimi M, Beng YK. Mechanical properties of woven banana fiber reinforced epoxy composites. Materials and Design. 2006; 27(8):689–93.
  • Santhanam V, Chandrasekaran M, Elayaperumal VA. Mode I fracture toughness of banana fiber and glass fiber reinforced composites. Advanced Materials Research. 2012 Dec; 622–623:1320–4.
  • Study of mechanical properties of hybrid natural fiber composite [Internet]. 2011. Available from:
  • Silva LJD, Panzera TH, Christoforo AL, Durão LMP, Lahr FAR. Numerical and experimental analysis of biocomposites reinforced with natural fibres. International Journal of Materials Engineering. 2012; 2(4):43–9.
  • Senthilnathan D, Babu AG, Bhaskar GB, Gopinath KGS. Characterization of glass fiber–coconut coir–human hair hybrid composites. International Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2014 Feb–Mar; 6(1):1–8.
  • Mulinari DR, Baptista CARP, Souza JVC, Voorwald HJC. Mechanical properties of coconut fibers reinforced polyester composites. Procedia Engineering. 2011; 10:2074–9.
  • Choudhry S, Pandey B. Mechanical behavior of polypropylene and human hair fibres and polyproprylene reinforced polymeric composites. International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. 2012; 2(1):1–4.
  • Kumar A, Choudhary D. Development of glass/banana fibers reinforced epoxy composite. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. 2013 Nov–Dec; 3(6):1230–5.
  • Sakthivel M, Ramesh S. Mechanical properties of natural fiber (banana, coir, sisal) polymer composites. Science Park. 2013Jul; 1(1):1–6.
  • Biswas S, Kindo S, Patnaik A. Effect of fibre length on mechanical behavior of coir fiber reinforced epoxy composites. Fibres and Polymers. 2011 Feb;12(1):73–8.
  • Ardakani MA, Khatibib AA, Asadollah S. A study on the manufacturing of glass-fiber-reinforced aluminum laminates and the effect of interfacial adhesive bonding on the impact behavior. Proceedings of the XIth International Congress and Exposition Orlando, Florida USA; 2008 Jun. p.1–9.
  • Dinca I, Stefan A, Stan A. Aluminum/glass fiber and aluminum/carbon fiber hybrid laminates. Incas Bulletin. 2010; 2(1):33–9.
  • Logesh K, Raja VKB, Velu R. Experimental investigation for characterization of formability of epoxy based fiber metal laminates using Erichsen cupping test method. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Dec; 8(33):1–6.
  • Vinayagamoorthy R, Subramanyam KG, Kumar TN, Reddy YH. Modeling and analysis of drilling induced damages on hybrid composites. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Apr; 9(16):1–10.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.