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Identification of Factors Influencing Subjective Health Status according to Gender- using Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Affiliations

  • Department of Nursing, Daejeon Health Institution of Technology, 21 Chungjeong-ro, Dongu, Daejeon, 34504, Korea, Republic of
  • Department of nursing, Daejeon University, 62 Daehak-ro, Dong-gu, Daejeon, 34520, Korea, Republic of

Abstract


Objectives: This study identified physical and psychological factors that influenced subjective health status by gender. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The subjects included 5,897 adults (2,516 men and 3,381 women) over 30 years of age selected from among 7,550 individuals who participated in the 2014 National Health and Nutrition Survey. The study included two categories of variables: demographic characteristics, and physical and psychological factors. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 21.0 was based on composite sample plan file to analyze the data. Findings: The factors that influenced the subjective health status in men included economic status, education level and number of family members, quality of life, subjective body awareness, stress, and waist circumference with an explanatory power of 21.9%. In woman education level, quality of life, subjective body awareness, stress, and obesity, offered an explanatory power 22.9%. The gender differences were statistically significant for all variables Improvements/Applications: This study is significant in that it provides the basis for the development of nursing education and intervention programs for improving the subjective health status of adults.

Keywords

Subjective Health Status, Gender, Influencing Factor, Physical Factors, Psychological Factors.

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