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Study of the Flow Response of a Chiral Fluid Confined in a Channel in the Presence of the Transverse Magnetic Field

Affiliations

  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumkur-561202, Karnataka, India
  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, K.R. Circle-560001, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Adarsha Institute of Technology, Bangalore-560018, India

Abstract


The chiral materials are composed of the chiral molecules or inclusions which have ability to rotate electromagnetic waves or polarized light to a desired angle depending on chirality or handedness of the molecule or inclusions and the length of the medium. Fluids like sugar solution, sugar cane juice, turpentine and most of the body fluids etc are chiral. In recent years considerable attention has been given on the study of effect of chirality of molecules or inclusions on the propagation of electromagnetic waves through chiral medium, fabrication of chiral bio-interface materials, synthesis of chiral drug and chiral polymers. In this regard, present paper is intended to study the flow response of chiral fluid flowing in a vertical channel bounded by rigid permeable boundaries in the presence of applied transverse magnetic field under the influence of viscous dissipation, and convection electric current. The simplified and generalised non-linear momentum and energy equations governing the flow of a chiral fluid confined in a channel are solved for velocity and temperature for various values of dimensionless parameter analytically using the regular perturbation method with buoyancy parameter ‘N’ as perturbation parameter and numerically using finite difference method with Successive Over Relaxation (SOR) technique. The results obtained are depicted graphically and found that the resistance to flow of chiral fluid decreases with increase in the transverse magnetic field and the flow reversal occurs with change in the chirality parameter γ from -1 to 1

Keywords

Chiral Fluid, Chirality, Convective Current, Magnetic Field, Vertical Channel.

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