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Comparison of Forward and Backward Walking Trainings on Gait Pattern in Adults

Affiliations

  • Department of Occupationel Therapy, Semyung University, Jaecheon-si, Choogcheongbuk-do, Korea, Republic of
  • Department of Physio Therapy, College of Health and Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, Korea, Republic of

Abstract


Objectives: Previous research on walking patterns by stages is lacking. This research goal was to assess the influences of Forward Walking - FW and Backward Walking - BW trainings on gait pattern in adults. Methods/Statistical Analysis: There were 20 study subjects in the FW group and 20 in the BW group. The gait pattern was evaluated in all subjects in the same manner before and after the intervention, using a Gait Analyzer. Interventions were conducted for 30 minutes, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. The measured data were analyzed using t-test. Findings: The results in the FW group showed no statistical differences in the values before and after training for step time, step length and foot flat to heel off, while, in the BW group, step time (left and right), step length and foot flat to heel off (left and right) presented statistical differences pre and post training. In clinical application, BW exercise can be offered to those with deficits in these 3 elements based on analysis of gait patterns. Improvements/Applications: Future research needs an intervention by each gait element through systematic analysis of those with inappropriate gait pattern. The researcher hopes research analyzing gait patterns will be actively performed.

Keywords

Adult, Backward Walking, Forward Walking, Gait Analyzer, Gait Pattern.

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