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The Effect of Boys’ and Girls’ School Adjustment on Life Satisfaction in Korea


  • Department of Child Welfare, Namseoul University, Cheonan-city, 31020, Korea, Republic of


Objectives: To determine gender differences in life satisfaction and to examine the longitudinal and cross-sectional associations between school adjustment and life satisfaction in Korea. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The participants were 2,110 elementary school students who were assessedin the first and fifth years, respectively. Data were collected from the KCYPS panel survey of 1st graders cohort in 2010 and 2014. Several t-tests, Pearson correlations, and multiple regressions were used.Findings: Results indicate that girls are better adjusted to school life than boys; however, boys are more satisfied with life than girls. Children’s school adjustment in the 1st and 5th grade was positively associated with life satisfaction in 5th grade.Improvements/Applications: This study confirmed the longitudinal and cross-sectional importance of school adjustment in children’s life satisfaction.


Children’s School Adjustment, Gender Difference, KCYPS, Life Satisfaction, Longitudinal Effect.

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