Total views : 299
Influence of Smart Devices on the Cognition and Interest of Underprivileged Students in Smart Education
Objectives: In this study, we aim to verify the influence of smart devices on the cognition and interests in the smart education of underprivileged students. Methods/Statistical Analysis: 37 students of an elementary school were employed for the study. Those students represent an underprivileged group, in which 20 students were freely accessible to Smartphone and classified as an experimental group, while the rest 17 students were not able to use Smartphone routinely and classified as a control group. The Independent Samples t-test was performed on experimental results between the experimental and control groups, and the significance level was set at 0.05. Findings: First, resulting effects of Smartphone in underprivileged students can be analyzed that learning motivation, information literacy, problem solving, learning attitude, and selfdirected learning ability were listed in the order of most-significant to least-significant. Second, the Smartphone usages in underprivileged students positively affected their interest in class based on the smart education with regard to the following variables in the order of most-significant to least-significant – speaking confidence, reading confidence, writing confidence, interest in class, listening confidence. Therefore, the Smartphone usages of underprivileged students had a positive effect on their cognition and interest in class based on the smart education. The significance of this study was like followings. First, in order to adequately provide the smart education with underprivileged students, individually tailored educational curriculum that reflect their educational environments, have to be offered. Second, the smart education shall be pursued to lessen the educational disparities and served as a national policy issue in Korea. Improvements/Applications: the smart education for underprivileged groups requires not a monolithic educational support, but a tailored educational support to improve tiered learning experiences.
Cognition, Interest, Smart Education, Smart Device, Underprivileged Students.
- Oh YB. Smartphone as resources for curriculum and instructional design in elementary schools: The educational experience of children. Journal of Korean Education. 2015; 42(1): 167-95.
- The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. Available from: http://www.education.go.ke/
- Beyond BJ. The threshold: The measurement and analysis of social exclusion. Social Exclusion in Europe: Policy Context and Analytical Framework. In: Room G, editor. Bristol: Policy Press; 1995. p. 19-28.
- Oppenheim C. An Inclusive Society: Strategies for Tackling Poverty. London: Institute for Public Policy Research; 1998. p. 302.
- Walker A. Britain divided: The Growth of social exclusion in the 1980s and 1990s. London: Child Action Poverty Group; 1997. p. 308.
- Dijk V, Jan AGM. Poetics. 34. Digital Divide Research, Achievements and Shortcomings. 2006; 34(4-5):221-35.
- Hargittai E. Social Stratification: Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective. 4th ed. The Digital Reproduction of Inequality. Boulder: West View Press; 2014. p. 1173.
- Caudill J. The growth of m-Learning and the growth of mobile computing: Parallel developments. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. 2007; 8(2):1-13.
- Cochrane T, Baterman R. Smartphone give you wings: Pedagogical affordances of mobile Web 2.o. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology. 2010; 26(1):1-14.
- Jubien P. Shape shifting Smartphone: Riding the waves in post-secondary education. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology. 2013; 39(2):1-16.
- Karen B. Using smartphone to supplement classroom reading. Reading Teacher. 2012; 66(4):340-4.
- Kearney M, Schuck S, Burden K, Aubusson P. Viewing mobile learning from a pedagogical perspective. Research in Learning Technology. 2012; 20:1-17.
- Kim SW, Lee Y. The analysis on research trends in programming based STEAM education in Korea. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jun; 9(24):1-11.
- Hwayeol C, Woonhan K, Hyejin C. Effects of smartphone-based learning properties on user satisfaction and recommendation intention. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Oct; 8(26):1-7.
- Eom SJ, Youn JJ, Kim HJ. A study on image selection for the development of educational contents enhancing undergraduates’ creativity and personality. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jul; 9(26):1-6.
- Kim K, Chung E. An action research on community-involved lifelong learning activities for vulnerable children. Journal of Lifelong Education. 2013; 19(2):239-69.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.