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The Analysis on the Learning Outcomes of Elementary Students in Smart Education
Objectives: This study aims to verify learning outcomes of elementary students in the smart education. We expect that this study will be useful for educators in the field of the smart education. Methods/Statistical Analysis: We selected an elementary school with the smart education, and another elementary school as a control, which both have demonstrated the similar academic achievement, had a comparable local environment and socio-economic status. In this study, the learning outcomes were studied in terms of 5 variables including problem solving, learning attitude, self-directed learning ability, character, and information literacy. Analysis between two group data was carried out using the independent sample T-test. Findings: Results of this study are as follows: First, we were not able to verify a significant difference in learning outcomes of the smart education on elementary students in a comprehensive manner. Second, with regard to the difference of learning outcomes by grades, while the 4th graders and 5th graders have insignificant difference in learning outcomes, the 6th graders have a significant difference. Third, by investigating sub-factors in learning outcomes between the smart school and the control school, we verified that the 5th graders have a significant difference in their learning attitude and selfdirected learning abilities, and the 6th graders have a significant difference in their characters and information literacy. As a result, we conclude that the smart education benefits 5th graders and 6th graders in elementary school with regard to their learning outcomes. Improvements/Applications: The smart education is to be used for 5th graders or older. This study result will be used as a basis to enable the successful establishment of Korean smart education.
Elementary Student, Learning Outcomes, Smart Education, Smart Device, Smart School.
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