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Gender Aspects of “Subjectivity” in the Private and Public Spheres: Sociological Analysis
Background/Objectives: The article aims to examine the gender aspects of “subjectivity” that reveal themselves both in the private and public spheres of the sociological domain. Methods: interdisciplinary approach, comparative analysis and basis of theoretical sociology. The study is based on the main works and findings of Russian and foreign authors considering the analysis of gender practices and organizational culture. Questionnaires were used as an empirical method. The sample was formed using the statistical data according to the Russian National Classifier of Economic Activities. The sample included 1354 respondents. The article presents the findings of correlation analysis. Findings: The developed methodology enabled us to identify the influence of the style of management on self-satisfaction. In the public area, occur objective and subjective factors that have a significant importance for the satisfaction and fulfillment. The objective factors include gender and organizational culture. Such an indicator of organizational culture, as a style of leadership, has an effects on the self-satisfaction. The laissez-faire management style leads to dissatisfaction. Women show higher appreciation of the less authoritarian management. At the same time, young women are dissatisfied with a male boss, which complicates the implementation of subjectivity. Young men, like older men and women, on the contrary, enjoy the male leadership. This can be explained by a high degree of professional maturity. Communication with the boss is more important for women and young men. The forces guiding the company’s development have the largest impact on the satisfaction and fulfillment of men. The company’s philosophy and mission have a positive correlation with fulfillment only for young women. The satisfaction depends on organizational culture and gender – the agents of the public sphere, – which represents the novelty of the study. Improvement: The research results can be used in further work with private and public sociology and the sociology of gender.
Fulfillment, Gender, Management Style, Men, Mission, Organizational Culture, Philosophy, Satisfaction, Subjectivity, Women.
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