Total views : 257

Fiber Bragg Grating based an Optimal OADM for Performance Enhancement in DWDM using Artificial Neural Network


  • Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, IKGPTU, Near Pushpa Gujral Science City, Ibban, Distt. Kapurthala, Kapurthala - 144603, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
  • Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Maharaja Ranjit Singh State Technical University, Dabwali Road, Bathinda - 151001, Punjab, India
  • Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, SSIET, Saraswati Vihar, Mohali, Dera Bassi - 140507,Punjab, India


Objectives: This paper proposed a new method for performance enhancement of Optical Add or Drop Multiplexer (OADM) with the Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) based on the artificial intelligence. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The FF-NN is trained and tested in the MATLAB platform from the parameters obtained from simulation. The NN is trained for 70 signals with different number of channels and with different data rates as well as it is tested with 30 signals. The classification of the signals to be added or dropped is determined by the FF-NN. The DWDM network is initially modeled with the OptiSystem software tool with different number of channels with different data rates and channel spacing. Findings: The parameters BER, OSNR, Jitter and Chromatic Dispersion have been calculated. The training and testing of the neural network is carried out on the MATLAB platform and based on this, the signal will add/drop or allow the signal to pass. The result shows that the proposed method achieves the accuracy of 97.28% on classifying the signals to be dropped from the fiber or passed through it without any interruption regarding its ability to make the transmission with minimum error. The performance of the proposed method is also analyzed in terms of Transmitted & Received Signal Power and compared with the conventional OADM system with multiple filters. Applications/Improvements: The proposed method offers a viable solution to increase the performance of OADM with the DWDM. The improvement includes the use of hybrid algorithms, to further increase the performance.


Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing, Feed Forward Artificial Neural Network, Fiber Bragg Grating, Optical Multiplexer, Performance Enhancement, Signal Power.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 239)


  • Machado LM, Delrosso G, Borin F, Oliveira JRF, Corso V, Carvalho LHH, Oliveira JCRF. Advanced optical communication systems and devices. Proceedings of 5th Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference (ESTC). 2014 Sep; 16-18:1-4.
  • Vinolee R, Bhaskar V. Performance analysis of mixed integer linear programming with wavelength division multiplexing. Proceedings of 2nd IEEE International Conference on Devices, Circuits and Systems (ICDCS). 2014 Mar 6-8; p.1-6.
  • Junita MN, Aljunid SA, Anuar MS, Arief AR, Rahim RA, Ahmad RB, Saad NM. Hybrid subcarrier multiplexing Wavelength Division Multiplexing using laser and LED spectral slicing architecture. IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ISIEA). 2012 Sep 23-26; p. 34-38.
  • Taniguchi T, Sakurai N, Kimura H, Kumozaki K. Wavelength-Swept Super-Dense Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (SD-WDM) Transmitter: Theoretical and Experimental Study of Performance Degradation Caused by Interchannel Crosstalk. Journal of Lightwave Technology. 2009 Dec; 27(23):5253-60.
  • Aloisio A, Ameli F, Amico AD, Giordano R, Giovanetti G, Izzo V. Performance Analysis of a DWDM Optical Transmission System. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. 2012 Feb; 59(2):251-5.
  • Bajaj P, Goel AK, Singh H. Application of Soft Computing Technique for Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer in terms of OSNR and Optical Noise Power. Proceedings of 3rd IEEE International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development. 2016 Mar 16-18; p. 2608-13.
  • Gamage PA, Nirmalathas A, Lim C, Bakaul M, Novak D, Waterhouse R. Efficient Transmission Scheme for AWG-Based DWDM Millimeter-Wave Fiber-Radio Systems. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 2007 Feb 15; 19(4):206-8.
  • Kim J, Moon S, Yoo S, Lee C. Modeling of Seeded Reflective Modulators for DWDM Systems. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 2013 Sep; 19(5):1-7.
  • Kobrinski H. DWDM networking technologies for avionics applications. Proceedings Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference. On 2008 Sep 30-Oct 2; p. 1-2.
  • Zhou X, Liang G, Wang T. An optical add-drop multiplexer design based on fiber Bragg gratings, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Electronics and Optoelectronics (ICEOE). 2011 Jul 29-31; p. V2-41-V2-43.
  • Fabbri SJ, Sygletos S, Perentos A, Pincemin E, Sugden K, Ellis AD. Experimental Implementation of an All-Optical Interferometric Drop, Add, and Exact Multiplexer for Super channels. Journal of Light wave Technology. 2015 Apr; 33(7):1351-7.
  • Pastor D, Martínez A, Capmany J, Ortega B. Impact of Fiber Bragg Grating Based OADM Out band Dispersion in DWDM-SCM Systems. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 2002 Apr; 14(4):567-9.
  • Majumder SP, Ali SMR. Crosstalk analysis of a DWDM system with FBG-based optical multi/De-multiplexer. IEEE International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Information and Communication Technology (ICEEICT). 2014 Apr 10-12; p. 1-5.
  • Anis MI, Ahmed N, Ahmed U. Performance analysis of optical network based on OADM by using different filters. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies. 2009; p. 1-5.
  • Ugale SP, Mishra V. Optimization of fiber Bragg grating length for maximum reflectivity. The IEEE International Conference on Communications and Signal Processing (ICCSP). 2011 Feb 10-12; p. 28-32.
  • Xiaomeng Z, Dezhi Z, Fei W. Application of harmony search algorithm on the optimization of fiber Bragg grating reflection spectrum. The IEEE 8th International Symposium on Instrumentation and Control Technology. 2011, p.262-6.
  • Navruz I, Altuncu A. Optimization based synthesis methods to design multi-channel sampled fiber Bragg gratings with phase-shift. The IEEE International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ELECO). 2009 Nov 5-8; p. II-213-II-7.
  • Chaturvedi S, Sondhiya N. Review of Handwritten Pattern Recognition of Digits and Special Characters Using Feed Forward Neural Network and Izhikevich Neural Model. The IEEE International Conference on Electronic Systems, Signal Processing and Computing Technologies (ICESC). 2014 Jan 9-11; p. 425-8.
  • Liu D, Tang K, Yang Z, Liu D. A Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor Network Using an Improved Differential Evolution Algorithm. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 2011 Jun 30; 23(19):1385-87.
  • Lazzeri E, Nguyen AT, Kataoka N, Wada N, Bogoni A, Poti L. All Optical Add and Drop Multiplexing Node for Hybrid Topology Networks. Journal of Light wave Technology. 2011 Oct 27; 29(24):3676-82.
  • Chen J, Wen C, Li CP, Ting P. Cross-Entropy Optimization for the Design of Fiber Bragg Gratings. IEEE Photonics Journal. 2012 Aug 1; 4(5):1495-503.
  • Chen J, Jiang H, Ye Z, Fu X, Zhu J, Liu T. Optimal Design of High-Channel-Count Fiber Bragg Grating Filters With Low Index Modulation Using an Improved Differential Evolution Algorithm. IEEE Photonics Journal. 2013 Dec; 5(6):7101211.
  • Jiang H, Chen J, Liu J, Fu H. Design of an FBG Sensor Network Based on Pareto Multi-Objective Optimization. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 2013 Jun 4; 25(15):1450-3.
  • Chen J, Wen C, Ting P. Cross-Entropy Optimization for the Design of Triangular FBG Filter with Asymmetrical Spectrum. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 2013 Feb 1; 25(3):295-8.
  • Chen X, Li A, Ye J, Amin AA, Shieh W. Demonstration of Few-Mode Compatible Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer for Mode-Division Multiplexed Super channel. Journal of Light wave Technology. 2013 Feb 15; 31(4):641-7.
  • Pincemin E, Song M, Karaki J, Zia-Chahabi O, Guillossou T, Grot D, Thouenon G, Betoule C, Clavier R, Poudoulec A, Van der Keur M, Jaouën Y, Le Bidan R, Le Gall T, Gravey P, Morvan M, Dumas-Feris B, Moulinard ML, Froc G. Multi-Band OFDM Transmission at 100 Gbps With Sub-Band Optical Switching. Journal of Light wave Technology. 2014 Jun 15; 32(12):2202-19.
  • Ajmani M, Singh P. Comparative Analysis of DCF and OPC as Means to Minimize FWM in WDM System. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Oct; 8(27):1-12.
  • Trifonovs I, Bobrovs V, Ivanovs G. Optimization of a Standard Bidirectional DWDM Solution. Electronics and Electrical Engineering. 2011 Nov; 115(9):37-40.
  • Kaur HJ, Singh ML. Modeling and Reporting Parameters of Optical OFDM System Using Different Modulation Techniques. Optics and Photonics Journal. 2013 Apr 10; 3:204-10.
  • Breed G. Bit error rate: Fundamental concepts and measurement issues. High Frequency Electronics. 2003 Jan; 2(1):46-47.
  • Khatavkar TS, Bormane DS. OSNR Challenge in DWDM Link. International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering & Technology. 2014 Feb; 5(2):10-20.
  • Behera D, Varshney S, Srivastava S, Tiwari S. Eye Diagram Basics: Reading and applying eye diagrams. Free scale Semiconductor - Test & Measurement World. 2011 Dec.
  • Stepanek L. Chromatic dispersion in optical communications. Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2012; 7(2):142-51.
  • Arora D, Prakash J, Singh H, Wason A. Reflectivity and Braggs wavelength in FBG. International Journal of Engineering. 2011; 5(5):341-9.
  • Devra S, Vikas, Grover A. Fabrication and Applications of Fiber Bragg Grating-A Review. Advanced Engineering Technology and Application. 2015 May 1; 4(2):15-25.
  • Erdogan T. Fiber grating spectra. Journal of Light Wave Technology. 1997Aug 6; 15(8):1277–94.
  • Bhatia KS, Kamal TS. Modeling and simulative performance analysis of OADM for hybrid multiplexed Optical-OFDM system Optic. 2013 Jul; 124(14):1907-11.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.