Total views : 808

Prototype Development to Detect Electric Theft using PIC18F452 Microcontroller


  • Department of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence, School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering (SMME), National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic University Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


This paper presents the development of a prototype to detect electric theft using PIC18F452. The proposed prototype is robust, adaptable, repairable and easy installable. It monitors the flow of charge from the phase line i.e. supply line, the neutral line and constantly compares them. Moreover, it shows real time flow of charge in the both phase line and the neutral line. It also represents the real time voltage and the power being supplied to the load. It is also fitted with an alarm system that sounds an alarm when there is any electric theft. The prototype was able to adapt to different kinds of attenuating voltages between 200-240 volts. It was tested at different loads and findings were inconsistent with the theoretical ones. What makes this device unique is that it can be fitted anywhere in any electrical system. It can be used as metering device. It can also be used as a smart grid surveillance device when used in collaboration with multiple devices of same or different kind.


DSP, Electric Theft, MATLAB, Meter, PIC18F452, Prototype.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 813)


  • Jamil M, Munir F, Khan AA, Mirza A. Telemetering and billing system for spatially distributed electrical power clients. Proceedings of the 8th International Multitopic Conference (INMIC); 2004 Dec. p. 35–40.
  • Jamil M, Hashmi GM. Design and development of wireless energy metering for automatic billing in power sectors. 13th IEEE/IFAC Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics (MMAR); 2007 Aug 27–30; Poland.
  • Patil S, Pawaskar G, Patil K. Electric power theft detection and wireless meter reading. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 2013 Apr; 2(2).
  • Depuru SS. Modeling, detection and protection of electricity theft for enhanced performance and security of grid [PhD thesis]. USA, The University of Toledo; 2012 Aug.
  • Sahoo S, Nikovski D, Muso T, Tsuru K. Electricity theft detection using smart meter data. Proceedings of IEEE Power and Energy Society Conference on the Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT); 2015 Feb 18–20; USA.
  • Jokar P, Aranpoo N, Leung VCM. Electricity theft detection in AMI using customer’s consumption patterns. IEEE Transaction on Smart Gird. 2016 Jan; 7(1): 216–26.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.