Total views : 191

Fundamental Elements for Sustainable Design


  • Department of Architecture, University Technology Malaysia, Skudai – 81310, Malaysia
  • Institute Sultan Iskandar, University Technology Malaysia, Skudai – 81310, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Technology Management and Business, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Malaysia
  • Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environmental, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State, Nigeria


Objective: The study extract the fundamental elements needed for sustainable design considering fourteen (14) countries. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The study examined the elements used in different assessment tools for 14 countries, and found out the most used elements which almost all the assessment tools used them based on critical analysis. Findings: From the assessment tools five (5) most used elements were identified which are very important to sustainable design. Application/Improvement: In conclusion sustainable design will not be effective if any of the five (5) elements is eliminated, because it shows that for design to be effectively sustainable the 5 elements need to be included.


Assessment Tools, Elements, Environmental Friendly, Fundamental, Sustainable Design.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 220)


  • Green Buildings, High Performance Buildings, and Sustainable Construction: Does it Really Matter What We Call Them. 21 Vill Envtl L J. Available from: Date Accessed: 21/02/2016.
  • Samiul Islam FA, Iftekharul Alam MM, Barua S.Investigation on the uses of steel as a sustainable construction material in Bangladesh. IJSEAS. 2016; 2(1):41-52.
  • Lechner N. Heating, Cooling, Lighting, Sustainable Design Methods for Architects. Canada 4th Ed. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.; 2015.
  • Parashar AK, Parashar R. Construction of an eco-friendly building using green building approach. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research. 2012; 3(6):1-7.
  • Khoshnava SM. Integration between sustainable design and constructability. APSEC-ICCER. In: Norhazilan Md.Noor, Editor. Sustaining the World with Better Structures and Construction Practice. 2012. p. 1-5.
  • U.S. Green Building Council. An Introduction to the U.S.Green Building Council and the LEED Green Building Rating System. 2003. Available from: Resources/research.asp
  • Brundtl and Commission. Our common future. World Commission on the Environment and Development.London: Oxford University Press; 1987.
  • Enegbuma WI, Ali KN. A preliminary Critical Success Factor (CSFs) analysis of Building Information Modelling (BIM) implementation in Malaysia. Proceedings of the Asian Conference on Real Estate Sustainable Growth, Management Challenges; Thistle Johor Bahru, Malaysia.2011 Oct 3-5.
  • Poston A, Emmanuel R, Thomson C. Developing holistic frameworks for the next generation of sustainability assessment methods for the built environment. In: Egbu C, Editor. Proceeding of 26th Annual ARCOM Conference, Leeds, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management; 2010 Sep 6-8. p. 1487-96.
  • AIA Continuing Education Guidelines for Approving AIA/CES Sustainable Design Courses. Available from: aias076887.pdf
  • Larsson N. International Initiative for a Sustainable Built Environment. SB Tool for 2015. Available from: Date Accessed: 2015.
  • Darus ZM, Hashim NA, Salleh E, Haw LC, Abdul Rashid A, Abdul Manan SN. Development of rating system for sustainable building In Malaysia. WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development. 2009; 5(3):260-72.
  • Green Building Council of Australia (GBCA). The Value of Green Star - A Decade of Environmental Benefits.Available from: uploads/2013/06/The_Value_of_Green_Star_A_Decade_ of_Environmental_Benefits.pdf
  • Alex M. Green Star: What’s in it for us? Electrical Engineering Group Leader Lend Lease design. Available from:
  • Chin LH. Energy efficiency in FKE‘s laboratories [Unpublished Degree thesis]. University Technology Malaysia (UTM); 2012.
  • Mun TL. The development of GBI Malaysia (GBI). PAM/ ACEM. 2010; 15.
  • GBI Malaysia, Buildings certificates criteria, GBI Malaysia, 2010, 15, PP.1-35.
  • Lipu MSH, Jamal T, Karim TF. An approach towards sustainable energy performance by green building: A review of current features, benefits and barriers. International Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy. 2013; 2(4):180-90.
  • Ahsan T. Passive design features for energy-efficient residential buildings in tropical climates: The context of Dhaka, Bangladesh. KTH, Department of Urban Planning and Environment Division of Environmental Strategies Research; Kungliga Tekniska Hogskolan. 2009.
  • Thormark C. The effect of material choice on the total energy need and recycling potential of a building. Building and Environment. 2006; 41(8):1019-26.
  • UNEP (United Nations Environmental Programme).Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication. Available from: GreenEconomy/Portals/93/documents/Full_GER_screen pdf
  • Sirija M. Application of green technologies in architecture.Recent Research in Science and Technology. 2014; 6(1):659.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.