Total views : 173
Functional and Semantic Characteristic of Marker-N in Turkic Languages
Background: The article presents comparative and historical description of the polysemy and multifunctionality of indicators with formant -n that may be found in one or more grammatical groups and are characteristic of agglutinative languages.The semantic unity of the root and affixal morpheme is the basis for the formation of the whole wordbuilding, morphological and inflectional system of the language, whereas the structure of this system reflects the gradual development of affixes.Methods: The article focuses on the word-formation potential, as well as the semantics of the abovementioned marker in Old Turkic language, Kazakh language, its dialects and other Turkic languages. The authors also studied how this affix can operate in two or more grammatical groups. The authors consider the role and function of formant -n in different lexical and grammatical groups of Kazakh and other Turkic languages. Findings: This article analyzes semantic phenomenon caused by this formant. The authors claim that one cannot study the semantics of affixes in Turkic languages in isolation. Since its concept might affect the usage area of a particular lexeme, its tasks, which in its turn somehow changes the meaning of a word. This may refer to word-building, inflectional features, as well as co-occurrence. Improvements: The novelty of the proposed method stems from the fact that the conducted research allowed us to describe the linguistic development of suffixes and prefixes which has made it possible to learn more about derivational characters of morphemes evolving from a specific meaning, its wider usage, and an increase in the number of semantic groups where this affix can be found.
Affix, Kazakh Language, Suffix, Turkic Languages, Word Formation.
- Tektigul Zh. The dialectics of speech elements development.International Conference on European Science and Technology: Munich, Germany. 2013 Apr 10–11; II:191–3.
- Abdullina GR. Forms development in Bashkir language.Gilem: Ufa; 2008.
- Oralbaeva N. Word-formation in modern Kazakh language.Almaty; 2002.
- Yskakov A. Modern Kazakh language. Ana tili: Almaty; 1992.
- Old Turkic dictionary. Nauka: Leningrad; 1969.
- Kaliev G. Formation of dialect words in Kazakh dialects.Mektep: Almaty; 1985.
- Malov SE. Yenisei writing system of Turks. Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences: MoscowLeningrad; 1952.
- Brockelmann C. Mitteltürk. Wortschatz nach Mahmūd al-Kāšγarīs Dīvān Luγāt at-Turk. Budapest-Leipzig; 1928.
- Kaidarov A. The structure of monosyllabic roots and stems in Kazakh language. Nauka: Alma-Ata; 1986.
- Sagyndykuly B. Etymological foundations of Kazakh language vocabulary development. Kazakh University: Almaty; 2005.
- Sevortyan EV. Affixes of nominal word formation in Azerbaijani language. USSR Academy of Sciences. Institute of Linguistics: Moscow, Nauka: Moscow; 1966.
- Karabaev MI. Lexico-syntactic method of word formation in Bashkir language. Publishing House of Bashkir State University: Ufa; 2011.
- Dmitriev NK. Grammar of Bashkir language. Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences: MoscowLeningrad; 1948.
- Räsänen M. Materialien zur morphologie der türkischen sprachen. Helsinki; 1957.
- Shcherbak AM. Essays on the comparative morphology of Turkic languages. Leningrad branch of the publishing house Nauka: Leningrad; 1977.
- Karabaev MI, Abdullina GR, Ishkildina ZK. Bashkir onomatology in the light of modern linguistics. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2015; 6(3)S3:73–82.
- Zajączkowski А. Word-combining suffixes and verbs in the language of Western Karaim. Krakόw; 1932.
- Erdal M. A grammar of old Turkic. Brill: Lejden-Boston; 2004.
- Grønbech K. Der türkische Sprachbau. Kopenhagen; 1936.
- Kononov AN. Grammar of the language of Turkic runic monuments of the 7th-11th centuries. Nauka: Leningrad; 1980.
- Iskhakov FG. Numerals. research on the comparative grammar of Turkic languages. Part 2. Moscow; 1956.
- Gulyamov AG. On affixes -dash. Academy of Sciences of Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic; 1947. p. 1.
- Gadzhiyeva NZ, Serebrennikov BA. Origin of affixes with modal meaning in Turkic languages. Soviet Turkology; 1974. p. 1.
- Tsintsius VI. Outline of even (Lamut) language grammar.Leningrad; 1947.
- Tektigul ZhO. Evolution of universal Turkic affixes in Kazakh language. PAE Publishing House: Moscow; 2013.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.