Total views : 312

Philosophy as Rational Knowledge


  • Department of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science of the Moscow Technological University (MIREA), Moscow, Russia


Objectives: Current importance of the investigation has been stipulated by general worldview crisis in humanities and in the whole sphere of the humanitarian knowledge that also affects the development of philosophy. Methods: The fundamental approaches to (or methods of) the investigation of this problem are represented by the comparative approach to the problems of the search for the foundations and historical contexts of the developing rationality of philosophy and the comparative historical method that make for the comprehensive consideration of the problem and its solutions. The study also employs phenomenological, hermeneutical methods and the method of structural analysis. Findings: It has been shown that philosophical irrationalism does not, in fact, imply the negation of the role of reason in the cognition; it just expresses its capability to grasp and to identify the irreducibility of the objective processes to logical schemes. The highest form of manifestation of rationality in philosophy is represented by philosophical concept of the truth and its criterion. The study demonstrates that philosophy largely develops through the progress of its self-understanding, through critical self-evaluation of its capabilities and its importance for an individual and for the society. The study has shown the specific features of philosophical ideas and the destiny of philosophy as rational knowledge. The correlation between philosophy and scientific rationality has been analyzed. Applications/Improvements: The study is of practical value for further development of the problem of scientific and philosophical rationality, for justifying its role in the progress of science, culture and education.


Irrationalism, Philosophy, Rationalism, Science, Truth, Wisdom.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 249)


  • Overgaard S, Gilbert P, Burwood PG. An Introduction to Metaphilosophy. Cambridge University Press. New York. 2013.
  • Norris C. Talking to ourselves? Academic philosophy and the public sphere. Think. Summer. 2014; 13(37):57–72.
  • Staiti E. Philosophy: Wissenschaft or Weltanschauung? Towards a prehistory of the analytic. Continental rift. Philosophy and Social Criticism. 2013 Oct; 39(8):793–807.
  • Reynolds J. Philosophy’s Shame: Reflections on an Ambivalent. Ambivalent Relationship with Science. Sophia. 2016 Apr; 55(1):55–70.
  • Kekes J. Philosophy: Scientific or Humanistic? Philosophy. 2015 Apr; 90(2):241–62.
  • Goto-Jones C. What is (Comparative) Philosophy? Philosophy. 2013 Jan; 88(1):133–40.
  • Agazzi E. The methodological turn in Philosophy. Journal of Philosophical Research. 2015 Supplement; 1–7.
  • Loncar S. Why Listen to Philosophers? A Constructive Critique of Disciplinary Philosophy. Metaphilosophy. 2016 Jan; 47(1):325.
  • Sellars J. Philosophy & Literature. 2014 Oct; 38(2):433–45.
  • Strickland L. Philosophy and the Search for Truth. Philosophy, Springer Science & Business Media B.V. 2013 Dec; 41(4):1079–94.
  • Cavallo AM. Two key differences between science and philosophy. Metaphilosophy. 2014 Jan; 45(1):133–5.
  • Rosen S. The Idea of Hegel’s Science of Logic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2013.
  • Southgate H. The Paradox of Irrationalism: The Logical Foundation of Hegel's Philosophy of the Absurd. Owl of Minerva. 2014/2015; 46(1/2):1–42.
  • Osbeck LM, Held BS. Rational Intuition. Philosophical Roots, Scientific Investigations. Edited by Lisa M. Osbeck and Barbara S. Held. Cambridge University Press. 2014.
  • Tobia KP. Philosophical Method and Intuitions as Assumptions. Metaphilosophy. 2015 Oct; 46(4/5):575–94.
  • Matronina LF, Agafonov AN. Social engineering activity in the epoch of information. Russian technological journal. 2016. 4, 3 (12), 53-59. eISSN: 2500-316X. Available from:
  • Skorodumov BI, Skorodumova OB, Matronina LF. Research of Human Factors in Information Security. Modern Applied Science. Canadian Center of Science and Education, 2015; 9(5):278–94. Available from:
  • Skorodumova OB, Matronina LF, Koval TI. Management in the Knowledge Society: Tendencies and Prospects. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Mar; 9(12):173–8. Available from:
  • Heidegger M. Being and Time. Translated from German. Wiley-Blackwell. 1978. ISBN: 978-0631197706.
  • Gadamer HG. History of notions as philosophy. Moscow, Iskusstvo. 1991. ISBN 5-210-0261-x(rus). Available from:
  • Gadamer GG. The truth and method. Moscow, Progress. 1988. ISBN5-01-001035. Available from:
  • Golosovker YE. Imaginative absolute. Moscow, Academic project. 2012. ISBN: 978-5-8291-1364-3
  • Bachelard G. The Poetics of Reverie: Childhood, Language, and the Cosmos. Translated from French. BeaconPress. 1971. ISBN: 978-0807064139.
  • Bakhtin M. Philosophy of action. Strategy of Russia. 2006; 9. Available from:
  • Husserl E. Selected works. Moscow, Territory of the future. 2005. ISBN5-7333-0177-5. Available from:
  • Jaspers K. Origins of history and its objective. Significance and meaning of history: translated from German. Moscow, Politizdat. 1991. ISBN 5-250-01357-0. Available from:
  • Sloterdijk P. Critique of cynical reasoning. Translated from German by A. Pertsev, Yekaterinburg, U-Factory, Moscow. 2009. ISBN 978-5-9757-0422-1, 978-5-403-00102-1. Available from:
  • Berdyaev NA. Philosophy of freedom. The Meaning of the Creative Act. Moscow: Pravda. 1989. Available from:
  • Hobbes T. To the Reader. On the Body. In: Selected works, in 2 vols. Moscow: Mysl. 1989; 1:49–60. ISBN: 5-244-00020-9, 5-244-00021-7.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.