Total views : 197
Chemical Profile, Antimicrobial and Anti-Oxidative Activity of Commercial Eucalyptus and Lavender Essential Oils and their Applicability in Cosmetics
Objectives: We studied the chemical compositions of their extracts and their applicability as cosmetic ingredients. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The current work was designed to set up analytical methods in order to analysis the components and the antimicrobial and anti-oxidative effects of commercially available essential oils obtained from different companies. These investigations were the study of antimicrobial activities of four Lavender oils and four Eucalyptus oils against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albican. The chemical composition of their oils obtained from four different samples was evaluated using the GC-MS. Findings: Lavender essential oils (Lavandula angustifolia) had much more intensive antimicrobial effects against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Both the lavender and eucalyptus oils had a high antimicrobial effect against Candida albicans. Also, four essential oils from each of lavender and eucalyptus had anti-oxidative effects. The scientifically based properties of Lavender oils include their antioxidative and antimicrobial attributes. It was revealed that linalool and linalyl acetate which are the chemical components of lavender oils are more excellent than the1,8-cineole component of lavender oils in terms of anti-oxidative and antimicrobial activities. It was also identified that other minor chemical components of essential oils make a contribution to synergic effects. These results suggest that the content of each of major components of lavender and eucalyptus essential oils is different. As the four kinds of each of lavender and eucalyptus are all different in the content of major components and in the effect of their anti-oxidative and antimicrobial activities, it is essential to analyze these components and evaluate the content of each major component. Improvements/Applications: The antimicrobial and anti-oxidative activity of lavender and eucalyptus oils prevents cosmetic products from being contaminated, cures skin infection, and soothes the broken or inflamed skin.
Antimicrobial, Anti-Oxidative, Cosmetics, Eucalyptus, GC-MS, Lavender.
- Ertürk Ö. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of ethanolic extracts from eleven spice plants. Biologia. 2006 Jun; 61(3):275–8.
- Jukiewicz BA, Bissett DL, Buettner GR. Effect of topically applied tocopherol on ultraviolet radiation-mediated free radical damage in skin. Journal of Investigative Dermatology.1995 Apr; 104(4):484–8.
- Ji-Hye K, Min-Jung K, Su-Ki C, Seung-Hee B, Sung-Kwan A, Yeong-Min Y. Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of lemon and eucalyptus essential oils against skin floras.Journal of Society of Cosmetics Scientists of Korea. 2011; 37(4):303–8.
- Foote CS, Denny RW. Chemistry of singlet oxygen quenching by β-carotene. Journal of American Chemistry Society.1968; 90(22):6233–5.
- Hayes RE, Bookwalter GN, Bagley EB. Antioxidant activity of soybean flours and derivatives- A review. Journal of Food Science. 1977 Nov; 42(6):1527–32.
- Jang JK, Han JY. The antioxidant ability of grape seed extracts.Korean Journal of Food Science Technology. 2002; 34(10):524–8.
- Zhoh CK, Kim BN, Hong SH, Han CG. The antimicrobial effects of natural aromas for substitution of parabens.Journal of Society Cosmetics and Scientists of Korea. 2002; 28(1):166–85.
- Hur JSJ-S, Ahn SY, Koh YJ. Antimicrobial properties of cold-tolerant Eucalyptus species against phytopathogenic fungi and food-borne bacterial pathogens. Journal of Plant Pathology. 2000; 16:286–9.
- Mubita C, Syakalima M, Chisenga C. Antibiograms of faecal Escherichia coli and Enterococci species isolated from pastoralist cattle in the interface areas of the Kafue basin in Zambia. Veterinary Archives. 2008; 78(2):179–85.
- Grrafsmann J, Hippeli S, Dornisch K, Rohnert U, Beuscher NE. Antioxidant properties of EOs. Possible explanations for their anti inflammatory effects. Arzneimittel-forschung.2000; 50:135–9.
- Lassak E. Australian medicinal plants. Methuen Australia; 1983.
- Lawless J. The encyclopaedia of essential oils. Great Gritain: Element Books Limited; 1992.
- Weiss EA. Essential oil corps. UK: CAB International; 1997.
- Abuhamdah S, Chazot PL. Lemon balm and lavender herbal essential oils: Old and new ways to treat emotional disorders. Current Anaesthesia and Critical Care. 2008; 19(4):221–6.
- Cavanagh HMA, Wilkinson JM. Biological activities of lavender essential oil. Phytotherapy Research. 2002 Jun; 16(4):301–8.
- Hsu CK, Chang CT, Lu HY, Chung YC. Inhibitory effects of the water extracts of Lavandula sp on mushroom tyrosinase activity. Food Chemistry. 2007; 105(3):1099–105.
- Ahn YJ, Won BR, Kang MK, Kim JH, Park SN. Antioxidant activity and component analysis of fermented Lavandula angustifolia extracts. Journal of Society of Cosmetics Scientists of Korea. 2009 Jun; 35(2):125–34.
- Kara N, Baydar H. Determination of Lavender and Lavandin cultivars (Lavandula sp.) containing high quality essential oil in Isparta, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Field Crops.2013; 18(1):58–65.
- Moreno MI, Isla MI, Sampietro AR, Vattuone MA. Comparison of the free radical-scavenging activity of propolis from several regions of Argentina. Journal of Ethnophamacology.2000; 71:109–14.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.