Total views : 146

Parent’s Mental Health and its Association with their Children’s Aggression and Delinquency


  • Department of Social Welfare, Cheongju University, 28503, South Korea


Objectives: The objective of the current study was to examine parent’s level of depressive symptoms, education level, and their association with their child’s aggression and delinquency level. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Using Mplus, path analysis was conducted using the most current 2014 Korean Welfare Panel Study data (KWPS) including a total of 471 adolescents’ cases. Parents’ depressive level was measured using the CES-D 11 scale, parent’s education level, parents’ positive and negative parenting style based on their level of physical, emotional abuse, and neglect experience in children, and children’s aggression and delinquency level were also examined. Findings: Overall, the results showed a satisfactory model fit [(Model χ² (22) = 272.37 p<.001, CMIN/d.f. = 12.38, CFI = .992, TLI = .987, RMSEA = .020)]. The CFI value obtained in the current study was .992, indicating that the hypothesized model well fits the data. The RMSEA value was .02, which also indicates a very good fit (< .05). TLI value of .987 also supported the notion of a good fit. There was a positive relationship between mother’s education level and positive parenting, while father’s education level had no effect on parenting styles. As expected, positive parenting was associated with less aggression and delinquency. As for parents’ level of depressive symptoms, against the expectation, there was no direct impact on parenting and children’s aggression or delinquency. In short, the findings suggest the importance of parenting, rather than the existence of mental issue itself in parents. Improvements/Applications: Future research should study individuals with actual clinical diagnosis, measure level of care management, and obtain more diverse and accurate operationalization of emotional or behavioral problems in children.


Child Aggression, Delinquency, Education Level, Parent Mental Health, Path Analysis.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 135)


  • Hosman C M H, Doesum K T M V, Santvoort F V. Prevention of emotional problems and psychiatric risks in children of parents with a mental illness in the Netherlands: I. The scientific basis to a comprehensive approach. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health. 2009; 8(3):250–263.
  • Maybery D, Ling L, Szakacs E, Reupert A. Children of a parent with a mental illness: Perspectives on need. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health. 2005; 4(2):78–88.
  • Weissman M M, Wickramaratne P, Nomura Y, Warner V, Pilowsky D, Verdeli H. Offspring of depressed parents: 20 years later. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2006; 163(6):1001–1008.
  • Merikangas K R, Dierker L C, Szatmari P. Psychopathology among offspring of parents with substance abuse and/ or anxiety disorders: A high-risk study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.1998; 39(5):711–720.
  • Roza S J, Hofstra M B, Ende J V D, Verhulst F C. Stable prediction of mood and anxiety disorders based on behavioural and emotional problems in childhood: A 14-year follow-up during childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. American Journal of Psychiatry.2003; 160(12):2116–2121.
  • McGue M, Iacono W G. The association of early adolescent problem behavior with adult psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry.2005; 162(6):1118–1124.
  • Aldridge J, Becker S. Children caring for parents with mental illness: Perspectives of young carers, parents and professionals. The Policy Press, University of Bristol. 2003.p. 1–224
  • Reder P, McClure M, Jolley A. Family matters: Interfaces between child and adult mental health. Routledge, London.2000. p. 83–95.
  • Cicchetti D, Rogosch F A. Equifinality and multifinality in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology.1996. 8, p. 597–600.
  • Doesum K T M V, Hosman C M H. Prevention of emotional problems and psychiatric risks in children of parents with a mental illness in the Netherlands: II. Interventions.Australian e-journal for the Advancement of Mental Health.2009; 8(3):264–276.
  • Chang K D, Blasey C, Ketter T A, Steiner H. Family environment of children and adolescents with bipolar parents.Bipolar Disorders. 2001; 3(2):73–78.
  • Sarigiani P A, Heath P A, Camarena P M. The significance of parental depressed mood for young adolescents’ emotional and family experiences. The Journal of Early Adolescence.2003; 23(3):241–267.
  • Burt K B, Dulmen M H V, Carlivati J, Egeland B, SroufeL A, Forman D R. Mediating links between maternal depression and offspring psychopathology: The importance of independent data. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.2005; 46(5):490–499.
  • Lovejoy M C, Graczyk P A, O’Hare E, Neuman G. Maternal depression and parenting behavior: A meta-analytic review.Clinical Psychology Review. 2000; 20(5):561–592.
  • Webster-Stratton C, Reid M. The incredible years parents, teachers, and children training series: A multifaceted treatment approach for young children with conduct problems.In A. E. Kazdin and J. R. Weisz (Eds.), Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents, New York: Guilford. 2003. p. 224–40.
  • Walker A K, Phee D M. How home gets to school: Parental control strategies predict children’s school readiness. Early Childhood Research Quarterly.2011; 26(3):355–364.
  • Gershoff E T, Aber J L, Raver C C, Lennon M C. Income is not enough: Incorporating material hardship into models of income associations with parenting and child development.Child Development. 2007; 78(1):70–95.
  • Radloff L S. The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement. 1977; 1(3):385–401.
  • Kwon T Y. Socioeconomic status and the trajectory in depressive symptoms: The mediating role of alcohol use. Korean Journal of Society for Health Education and Promotion. 2012; 29(1):59–72.
  • Kohout F J, Berkman L F, Evans D A, Huntley J C. Two shorter forms of the CES-D (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression) depression symptoms index. Journal of Aging and Health. 1993; 5(2):179–193.
  • Hu L T, Bentler P M. Evaluating model fit. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1995. p. 76–99.
  • Browne M W, Cudeck R. Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In Bollen K A, Long J S. Testing structural equation models, SAGE publication, Newsbury Park .1993. p.136–162.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.