Total views : 167

Maximizing the Life of Lubricating Oils for Resources and Environmental Sustainability through Quality Monitoring in Service

Affiliations

  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mubeco Petroleum Company Limited, P. O. BOX 386, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • Mechanical Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic, Idah – 271101, Kogi State, Nigeria

Abstract


Objective: To establish that in-service quality monitoring of lubricants as opposed to oil change intervals recommended by the oil/equipment manufacturers is more economical and can preserve the environment and resources. Methods/ Statistical Analysis: A pilot study conducted in capital cities of eight states in Nigeria to estimate the volume/annum of crankcase oils being drained from Nigeria used vehicles without confirming the true states of the oils. Used oil sample drained from a CAT3616-generator running on 1700 liters, at the replacement cycle (1000 hours) recommended by the oil/equipment manufacturer was tested in the laboratory and compared with data of a new oil sample from the same supplier. Findings: In this study, the economic, environmental, and resource conservation benefits of in-service lubricant testing are seen to be outstanding compared to the standardized maintenance schedules recommended by the oil/ equipment manufacturers. The pilot study conducted in capital cities of eight states in Nigeria revealed that huge volume of crankcase oil, which may still be very serviceable, are being drained from Nigerian used vehicles, available in densely populated cities. Used oil, drained at a predicted replacement cycle of 1000 hours, from a CAT 3616 generator running on around 1700 liters, was discovered still serviceable, when tested and compared with data of a new oil sample from the same supplier, tested for benchmarking. Applications/Improvements: Through In-service monitoring of lubricating oils, the OEM regulation can be effectively moderated without causing damage to the equipment, and it can result in economic savings, and environmental/resources sustainability.

Keywords

Cost/Resources Conservation, Environmental Sustainability, In-Service Test, Lubricants Life, Oil Change.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 158)

References


  • Voort F, Sedman J, Cocciardi R, Pinchuk D. FTIR condition monitoring of in-service lubricants: Ongoing developments and future perspectives. Tribology Transactions. 2006 Feb; 49(3):410-8.
  • Van de Voort F, Sedman J, Pinchuk D. An overview of progress and new developments in FTIR lubricant condition monitoring methodology. Journal of ASTM International.2011 May; 8(5):3314-44.
  • Caines AJ, Haycock RF. Automotive Lubricants Reference Book. 2nd ed. Warrendale: SAE International; 2004. p. 760.
  • Bart JC, Cavallaro S. Gucciardi E. Bio-lubricants: Science and Technology. 1st ed. Cambridge: Wood Head Publishing Limited; 2012. p. 944.
  • Schalcosky DC, Byington CS. Advances in real time oil analysis. Practicing Oil Analysis Magazine. 2000:28-34.
  • Fitch JC. Elements of an oil analysis program. Tribology Data Handbook. Boca Raton & New York: CRC Press LLC; 1997. p. 875-88.
  • Toms AM. FT-IR for effective, low-cost oil condition monitoring.Technical Paper; 2000 Nov. p. 26-31.
  • Chadha S. Foster-Miller’s on-line oil condition monitor, a cost-effective cross-platform tool for condition-based maintenance. Lubricant Fluid Power Journal. 2000; 1(1):2630.
  • Miller JL, Kitaljevich D. In-line oil debris monitor for aircraft engine condition assessment. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings; 2000. p. 49-56.
  • Jakoby B, Buch S, Schatz O. Method for assessing the deterioration of motor oil. Google Patents. 2004.
  • Willing A. Lubricants based on renewable resources – An environmentally compatible alternative to mineral oil products. Chemosphere. 2001 Apr; 43(1):89-98.
  • Casey B. The seven most common hydraulic equipment mistakes. 2014. Available from: http://bit.ly/2gXcpmF
  • Squeezing every last cent from your oil. 2014. Available from: http://bit.ly/2gXdNFB
  • Hoffman P. Extending oil change intervals on heavy mining equipment. 2015. Available from: http://bit.ly/2gFBKmX
  • Signum technical guide. 2015. Available from: http://exxonmobil.co/2fYRceI
  • Joseph P, Sharma D. Improvement of thermo-oxidative stability of non‐edible vegetable oils of Indian origin for biodegradable lubricant application. Lubrication Science.2010 Apr; 22(4):149-61.
  • Nakkeeran S. Technology for emission reduction by blending methanol, ethanol and biodiesel with diesel. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Nov; 8(31):1-6.
  • Wilson B. Lubricants and functional fluids from renewable sources. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology. 1998 Feb; 50(1):6-15.
  • Fox MF. Environmental implications and sustainability concepts for lubricants. Handbook of Lubrication and Tribology: Volume I, Application and Maintenance. In: Totten GE. Editor. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2006. p. 32-1– 30.
  • Bartz WJ. Ecotribology: Environmentally acceptable Tribological practices.Tribology International. 2006 Aug; 39(8):728-33.
  • Pop L, Puşcaş C, Bandur G, Vlase G, Nuţiu R. Basestock oils for lubricants from mixtures of corn oil and synthetic diesters.Journalof the AmericanOil Chemists’ Society. 2008 Jan; 85(1):71-6.
  • Lawal SA. A review of application of vegetable oil-based cutting fluids in machining non-ferrous metals. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2013 Jan; 6(1):3951-6.
  • Suhane A, Rehman A, Khaira H. Potential of non-edible vegetable oils as an alternative lubricants in automotive applications. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. 2012 Oct; 2(5):1330-5.
  • Betton C. Lubricants and their environmental impact.Chemistry and technology of lubricants. In: Mortier MR, Fox MF, Orszulik ST, editors. Springer: Netherlands; 2010.p. 435-57.
  • Kajdas C. Major pathways for used oil disposal and recycling.Part 1.Tribotest. 2000 Sep; 7(1):61-74.
  • Liu Q, Jiang P, Zhao J, Zhang B, Bian H, QianG. Life cycle assessment of an industrial symbiosis based on energy recovery from dried sludge and used oil. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2011 Oct; 19(15):1700-8.
  • Kanokkantapong V, Kiatkittipong W, Panyapinyopol B, Wongsuchoto P, Pavasant P. Used lubricating oil management options based on life cycle thinking. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2009 Mar; 53(5):294-9.
  • Guerin TF. Environmental liability and life-cycle management of used lubricating oils. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2008 Dec; 160(2):256-64.
  • Basic information about used oil common wastes and materials. 2014. Available from: http://bit.ly/2gs1cZT
  • Zhao Y. Oil Analysis Handbook. 2014. Available from: http://bit.ly/2g1wgyL
  • Toms LA, Toms AM. Lubricant properties and test methods.Handbook of Lubrication and Tribology: Volume I Application and Maintenance. In: Totten GE, editor. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2006. p. 30-1–33.
  • Lukas M, Anderson DP. Laboratory used oil analysis methods.Tribology Data Handbook: An Excellent Friction, Lubrication and Wear Resource. In: Booser ER, editor. Boca Raton & New York: CRC Press; 1997. p. 897-913.
  • Lansdown A. Lubrication and Lubricant Selection: A Practical Guide.1st ed. London: Professional Engineering Publishing Limited; 2003. p. 286.
  • Satishkumar R, Sugumaran V. Estimation of remaining useful life of bearings based on support vector regression.Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Mar; 9(10):1-7.
  • Truong N. Today’s Varnish Control Technologies. 2014.Available from: http://bit.ly/2gcq2iW
  • Umejei E. Africa Ponders Biolubes’ Potential. 2015.Available from: http://bit.ly/2gUVOPL
  • Umejei E. Nigerian blenders support waste oil bill – lube report. Available from: http://bit.ly/1YYEKIx
  • Bamiro OA, Osibanjo O. Pilot study of used oils in Nigeria.Report of Study sponsored by the Secretariat of the Basel Convention. 2013; 15:100-65.
  • Ludwig L. Heavy duty diesel engine, oil development and trends. 2016. Available from: http://bit.ly/2guYNh4
  • Madhavan P, Werner NC. Contamination control for extending fluid service life. Available from: http://bit.ly/2haPQNV
  • Neale MJ. The Tribology Handbook. 2nd ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann; 1995. p. 1-582.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.