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The Relationship between Premenstrual Syndrome and Depression of Female College Students in Korea


  • Department of Nursing, Namseoul University, 91 Daehakro, Seonghwan-eup, Seobuk-gu, Chonan-Si, Chungnam, South Korea, 31020


Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that influence Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) of female college students in Korea. Methods/Statistical analysis: This research is a descriptive correlation study designed to examine the factor influencing premenstrual female college students. The data was collected from September till December 2015. The data was collected via structural questionnaires gathered by 270students who agreed to participate in this study, and 245 of them were analyzed except for 25 incomplete questionnaires and male nurses. Descriptive statistics for all study variables as well as the reliability assessment of the study instruments were computed. To analyze the correlation in the independent and dependent variables, correlation analysis was used. Findings: The mean age of the participants was 21.04years. The level of PMS is 28.75±9.92 point and the level of depression is 16.69±10.41 point. PMS includes 3 subscales. The level of emotional disturbance is 2.97±1.28 point, and the level of water retention was 2.30± 1.25. The level of pain was 3.32± 1.05. There were positive correlations among PMS, depression, emotional disturbance, water retention, and pain. But there was not a statistically significant correlation between PMS and body weight. In multiple regression depression (t=6.691, p<.001) and perception of PMS (t=2.052, p=.042) were found to be factors significantly associated with PMS. The model explained 22.9% of the variables. Improvements/Applications: This study found that PMS is influenced by the psychological factors such as depression. Therefore, the education program including PMS and depression is needed to promote health for female university students.


College Students, Depression, Female, Korea, Premenstrual Syndrome.

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