Total views : 213

Comparison of Controller and Interaction Analysis of Multi-Vessel Batch Distillation

Affiliations

  • Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan - 26300, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan - 26300, Pahang,, Malaysia

Abstract


Background/Objectives: This paper is focusing on choosing the best controller and interaction analysis on multi-vessel batch distillation (MVBD). Methods/Statistical Analysis: A mathematical model is developed first by adapting simple model assumption. Open loop and closed loop models are simulated using Matlab SIMULINK. Proportional (P) and Proportional Integral (PI) are implemented on the control system. The result of closed loop is then analyzed using Relative Gain Array (RGA) method to indicate the best control loop pairing. Set point changes analysis is done to ensure the stability of controller. Findings: Two level control with two manipulated variables (reflux flow and middle vessel flow) is chosen based on the RGA analysis. Level control with PI controller gives better performance for MVBD control system. Moreover, with the presence of two level controls, the system is also able to keep the vessel holdup constant and maintain the desired product purity at a time. Application/Improvements: The study of interaction analysis can be extended to other control strategies proposed for this system. Meanwhile, the performance of the controllers can be further improve by adapting different type of tuning methods.

Keywords

Multi-Vessel Batch Distillation, PI Controller, RGA Analysis

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 162)

References


  • Hisyam A. Design and Operation of Multivessel Batch Distillation.PHD Thesis. Universiti Malaysia Pahang. 2011.
  • Fanaei MA, Dehghani H, Nadi S. Comparing and controlling of three batch distillation column configurations for separating tertiary zeotropic mixtures, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Elsevier. 2012 Jun; 19(6):1672–81.
  • Tang K, Bai P, Li G. Total Reflux Operation of Multi vessel Batch Distillation for Separation of Binary Mixtures.Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2014 Jun; 22(6):622–7.
  • Sankaranarayanan D, Deepakkumar G. Implementing the Concept of Relative Gain Array for the control of MIMO System: Applied to Distillation Column. International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering. 2015 May; 4(5):4648–53.
  • Skogestad S, Wittgens B, Sorenson E, Litto R. Multivessel batch distillation. Batch Process Modeling, Monitoring and Control. AiChe Journal. 1995; 184i.
  • Hasebe S, Noda M, Hashimoto I. Optimal operation policy for total reflux and multi-effect batch distillation systems.Computers and Chemical Engineering. 1999; 23(4-5):523– 32.
  • Wittgens B, Litto R, Sorensen E, Skogestad S. Total reflux operation of multivessel batch distillation. Computers and Chemical Engineering. 1996; 20(Supp 2):S1041–S1046.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.