Total views : 158

Verb Morphological Generator for Telugu


  • Department of Computer Science, Adikavi Nannayya University, Rajah Rajah Narendhra Nagar, East Godavari, Rajahmundry - 533296, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Department of Computing Science, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom


Objectives: The current work is a morphological generation engine that generates the required inflected Telugu verb form from an input specification consisting of lexicalized grammatical constituents and associated features. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The method employed in this paper is based on finite state techniques to develop a computational model for morphological generation of verbs in Telugu. The current work is a module of a surface realization engine for Telugu, a java application developed for generation of well-formed Telugu sentences. Test samples were taken from grammar text books for Telugu language and tested thoroughly with various alternatives of the subject with respect to person, number and gender. Findings: The evaluation was performed on a small data set because bigger authentic data sets were not available online. Hence the findings cannot be generalized but the results show that the verbs are not evenly distributed across all the classes. The results also show that no verbs were found belonging to some of the classes which means verbs belonging to those classes are not regularly used. The findings cannot be compared with any other results published because very little work was done previously in this area of research in Telugu language. The evaluation report clearly suggests that instead of going for complete coverage of verbs better to extend the coverage based on utility in NLG systems. Application/Improvements: The current work has its application in general purpose surface realization engines and machine translation systems. We intend to create a generalized morphology engine which generates the required word form for Telugu words.


Finite Automata, Morphological Generator, Morphophonemic Group, Natural Language Generation, Personal Suffix, Tense Mode Suffix, Verb Class, Verb Forms.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 139)


  • Rao GUM, Kulkarni PA. Computer Applications in Indian Languages, Hyderabad: The Centre for Distance Education, University of Hyderabad. 2006.
  • Dokkara SRS, Penumathsa SV, Sripada SG. A Simple Surface Realization Engine for Telugu. Brighton: Proceedings of the 15th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG). 2015 Sep; p. 1-8.
  • Minnen GJ, Carroll, Robust DP. Applied morphological generation. Mitzpe Ramon, Israel: Proceedings of the 1st International Natural Language Generation Conference. 2000; p. 201-8.
  • Reiter E, Dale R. New York: Cambridge University Press: Building natural language generation systems. 2000. Crossref
  • Gatt A, Reiter E. SimpleNLG: A realization engine for practical applications. Proceedings of ENLG. 2009; p. 90-93. Crossref
  • Hockett. Two models of grammatical description. Word. 1954; 10:210-34.
  • Gregory T. Cambridge University Press: Stump: Inflectional Morphology: A Theory of Paradigm Structure. 2001.
  • Beesley Kenneth R, Karttunen L. Palo Alto, CA: CSLI Publications: Finite State Morphology. 2003.
  • Roark Brain, Sproat R. Oxford: Computational approaches to Morphology and Syntax. 2007.
  • Karttunen L. Computing with Realizational Morphology. 2003.
  • Karttunen L, Kenneth R Beesley. Twenty-Five Years of Finite State Morphology. Inquiries into Words, Constraints and Contexts. 2005.
  • Antony PJ, Soman KP. Computational morphology and natural language parsing for Indian languages: a literature survey. International Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Technology. 2012.
  • Goyal V, Lehal GS. Portland, Oregon, USA: Hindi to Punjabi Machine Translation System. Proceedings of the ACLHLT System Demonstrations. 2011; 21:1-6.
  • Sri Badri Narayanan R, Saravanan S, Soman KP. Data Driven Suffix List and Concatenation Algorithm for Telugu Morphological Generator. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST). 2009.
  • Ganapathiraju M, Levin L. TelMore: Morphological Generator for Telugu Nouns and Verbs. Alexandria, Egypt: Proceedings of Second International Conference on Universal Digital Library. 2006; p. 17-19.
  • Bharati A, Chaitanya V, Sangal R. New Delhi, Prentice-Hall of India: Natural Language Processing A Paninian Perspective. 1995.
  • Krishnamurti BH. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California Press: Telugu Verbal Bases a comparative and Descriptive Study. 1961.
  • Krishnamurti BH, Gwynn JPL. Oxford University Press: A Grammar of Modern Telugu. 1985.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.