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Subjectivity Study on Self Direction in Nursing Students: Q Methodological Approach


  • Department of Emergency Medical services, Kangwon National University, 346, Hwandjogil, Dogyeeup, Samcheok, Gangwondo, 25949, Korea
  • Department of Nursing Science, Pai Chai University, 155-40 Baejae-ro, Seo-Gu, daejeon, 35345,Korea


Background/Objectives: Self direction reportedly affects the career adaptability for college students and the career attitude development. This research will apply the Q methodology to investigate the types of self-direction of the students. Methods/Statistical Analysis: To analyze the value, belief, and attitude of the students in the department of nursing toward self-direction, we coded and input the collected data into the computer after completing the survey for the 23 people who were selected as P sample. We handled Q classification using QUANL PC program and acquired the result. Findings: The result of analyzing the subjectivity of the students in the department of nursing toward self-direction using PC QUANL showed three types. Each type reflects the subjectivity of the students in the department of nursing toward selfdirection to investigate the types of self-direction of the students in the department of nursing, and explain and understand the characteristics. Among the total research participants of 23 people, 4 people belonged to the first type, 9 belonged to the second type, and 10 belonged to the third type. People with higher factor weight in each type are the typical or ideal people in the type they belong to, representing the type. Improvements/Applications: This research shows that selfdirection raises the self-efficacy and performance toward the studies in major, giving sense of satisfaction and eventually creating positive prospects in the studies in major.


Anaphora Resolution; Linguistic Rule, Rule Based Method

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