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Effect of Si on the Magnetic and Mechanical Properties of Arc Melted Soft Magnetic Fe-Si-Al Alloys


  • ESTI of Annaba; and LEREC Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Annaba, Algeria
  • Department of Physics and Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Washington University in St Louis, MO 63130, USA
  • LESIMS Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Annaba
  • LEREC Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Annaba, Algeria


Background/Objectives: To investigate the effect of silicon on structural, mechanical and magnetic properties of arc melted Fe-Si-Al sendust alloys. Our work focuses on studying the effect of Si on Fe lattice parameter, lattice strain and crystallite size. Variation of Vickers micro-hardness (HV) and magnetic susceptibility (with Si content and temperature) have also been investigated. Methods: Scanning Electronic Microscopy analysis confirmed high-density sendust materials synthesized by arc melting. However, analysis of x-ray diffraction data on arc-melted sendust samples were used to calculate the lattice parameters, lattice strain and crystallite size. Magnetic susceptibility measurements were performed using the Faraday balance technique, whereas Vickers micro hardness (HV) tests were proceeded using a Digital Micro- Vickers Hardness Tester (HVD-1000). Findings: Increasing silicon enhances significantly Vickers micro-hardness (HV). Magnetic susceptibility, under 0.5T, showed a composition and temperature dependent behaviour over Si content. Si decreases the lattice parameter of α-Fe solid solution matrix since it occupies substitution sites, decreases the crystallite size by retarding its growth during cooling.


Fe-Al-Si, Fe Solid Solution, Ordered DO3 (α1-Fe3Si0.7Al0.3) Phase, Magnetic Susceptibility, Order-Disorder Transition, Sendust Alloys (Sendust Materials), Vickers Micro-Hardness

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