Total views : 1410

Minimizing Path Loss in Medical Wireless Sensors in Wireless Body Area Sensor Networks

Affiliations

  • Institute of Information and Communication Technology, University of Sindh Pakistan
  • Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan

Abstract


Objectives: To save the energy consumption of the sensors in transmission so that they may operate for longer time span. Methods/Statistical Analysis: It is suggested to use eight sensors placed on the human body and then transposition has been applied to all of these sensors to reduce the distance of each sensor from the sink. Path loss was calculated after transposition in terms of distance and results were compared with the existing schemes. Euclidean distance technique was applied to calculate the distance values and then observed for their positions. Findings: In this investigation, the main parameter is the path loss which needs to be reduced so as to make the transmission better and to make network stable. The findings are unique in the sense that with the help of the proposed values of sensor positions a routing protocols be designed which will have a better network stability and network life time and this will be achieved as the sensors will deplete less energy during transmission. The main idea behind this research is to find the most suitable sensor locations on the body where they can consume less energy during data transmission to sink and have more life to operate. Application/Improvements: The proposed scheme is applicable to body area systems which have limited energy sources due to the size of the sensors. The proposed scheme is compared with two existing schemes and there were improvements in terms of path loss parameter.

Keywords

Distance, Energy, Path Loss, Sensors

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 115)

References


  • Jaffri I, Soomro S, Khan RA. ICT in Distance Education : Improving Literacy in The province of Sindh Pakistan.Sindh University Journal of Education. 2011, 40(2011), pp.37-48.
  • Khan RA, Memon S, Awan JH, Zafar H, Mohammadni K.Enhancement of Transmission Efficiency in Wireless OnBody Medical Sensors. Engineering Science and Technology International Research Journal. 2017, 1(2), pp. 16-21.
  • Negra R, Jemili I, Belghith A. Wireless Body Area Networks : Applications and technologies. Procedia Computer Science. 2016, 83, pp. 1274-1281.
  • Ghamari M, Janko B, Sherratt RS, Harwin W, Piechockic R, Soltanpur C. A Survey on Wireless Body Area Networks for eHealthcare Systems in Residential Environments. Sensors.2016, 16(6), pp. 1-33.
  • Khan NA, Hai M, Sawand MA, Khuzema A, Tariq Mehak.Real Time Monitoring of Human Body Vital Signs using Bluetooth and WLAN. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. 2016, 7(10), pp. 210-6.
  • Wang JC, Leach M, Wang Z, Lim EG, Man KL, Huang Y.Wireless Body Area Network and its Applications. International SoC Design Conference (ISOCC). In proceeding of the IEEE. Gyungju. 2015, pp. 169-70.
  • Movassaghi S, Member S, Majidi A. Enabling InterferenceAware and Energy-Efficient Coexistence of Multiple Wireless Body Area Networks With Unknown Dynamics.IEEE Access. 2016, 4, pp. 2935-2951.
  • Liu B, Yan Z, Chen CW. Medium Access Control for Wireless Body Area Networks with QoS Provisioning and Energy Efficient Design. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing.2017, 16(2), pp. 422-34.
  • Nadeem Q, Javaid N, Mohammad SN, Khan MY, Sarfraz S, Gull M. SIMPLE: Stable Increased-Throughput Multihop Protocol for Link Efficiency in Wireless Body Area Networks. Eighth International Conference on Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications (BWCCA). In proceedings IEEE Compiegne. 2013, pp. 221-6
  • Seo S, Gopalan SA, Chun S, Seok K, Nah J, Park J. An energyefficient configuration management for multi-hop wireless body area networks. 3rd IEEE International Conference on Broadband Network and Multimedia Technology (IC-BNMT). In proceedings of IEEE, Beijing. 2010, pp.1235-9.
  • Gao T, Greenspan D, Welsh M, Juang RR, Alm A. Vital Signs Monitoring and Patient Tracking Over a Wireless Network. 27th Annual Conference In proceeding of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology. Shanghai.2005. pp. 102-5.
  • Coronato A, De Pietro G, Paragliola G. A monitoring system enhanced by means of situation-awareness for cognitive impaired people. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Body Area Networks. Boston,Massachusetts. 2013, pp. 124-7.
  • Khan RA, Memon SA, Zardari S, Dhomeja L Das, Usman M. Transposition Technique for Minimization of Path Loss in Wireless On-Body Medical Sensor. Sindh University Research Journal. 2016, 48(4), pp. 747-54.
  • Awan JH, Memon SA, Memon NA, Shah R, Bhutto Z, Khan RA. Conceptual Model for WWBAN (Wearable Wireless Body Area Network). International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. 2017, 8(1), pp. 377-81.
  • Jovanov E, Milenkovic A, Otto C, Groen D, PC. A wireless body area network of intelligent motion sensors for computer assisted physical rehabilitation. Journal of Neuro Engineering and rehabilitation. 2005, 2(1), pp. 1-6.
  • Kartsakli E, Antonopoulos A, Lalos A, Tennina S, Di Renzo M, Alonso L, Verikoukis C. Reliable MAC design for ambient assisted living: Moving the coordination to the cloud.
  • IEEE Communications Magazine. 2015, 53 (1), pp. 78-86.
  • Smail O, Kerrar A, Zetili Y, Cousin B. ESR: Energy aware and Stable Routing protocol for WBAN networks. In proceeding of the International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). Paphos. 2016, pp. 452-7.
  • Huynh D, Chen M. An Energy Efficiency Solution for WBAN in Healthcare Monitoring System. 3rd International Conference on Systems and Informatics (ICSAI) IEEE.Shanghai. 2016, pp. 685-90.
  • Sahndhu MM, Javaid N, Imran M, Guizani M, Khan ZA, Qasim U. BEC: A Novel Routing Protocol for Balanced Energy Consumption in Wireless Body Area Networks. In proceeding of the 2015 International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), Dubrovnik.2015, pp. 653-8.
  • Khan ZA, Sivakumar S, Phillips W, Robertson B. ZEQoS: A New Energy and QoS-Aware Routing Protocol for Communication of Sensor Devices in Healthcare System. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks; 2014.
  • Chen B, Varkey JP, Pompili D, Li JKJ, Marsic I. Patient vital signs monitoring using Wireless Body Area Networks. In proceeding of the 2010 IEEE 36th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference (NEBEC), New York, NY. 2010,pp. 1-2.
  • Braem B. The Need for Cooperation and Relaying in ShortRange High Path Loss Sensor Networks. In proceeding of the International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM 07) Valencia. 2007, pp. 56671.
  • Ahmed S, Javaid N, Yousaf S. Co-LAEEBA: Cooperative link aware and energy efficient protocol for wireless body area networks. Computers in Human Behavior. 2015, 51, pp. 1205-15.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.