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A Review of Hierarchical Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network

Affiliations

  • Computer Science and Engineering, SRM University, Chennai - 603203, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


Objectives: To minimize the energy utilized for transmitting and receiving the data in wireless sensor network. The goal is to find out the best routing protocol to increase the network lifespan. This paper dealt with the detailed review of hierarchical routing protocol of wireless sensor network and compared depends on few characteristics. Methods: Minimum spanning tree approach for finding the shortest path in the network to reach the sink. Energy Optimization is an important key used to increase the lifespan of the node. A different classification approach is introduced on routing the message based on the number of hops the packets takes to reach the destination. Findings: The transmission energy was a major factor in draining the sensor node. To minimize the transmission energy, we suggest a novel approach by varying the transmission power based on the distance from the node to the cluster head. Improvements: The survey will help to develop an adaptive routing protocol suitable for real-time application. Achieving the energy efficient routing protocol will have a downfall with the delay.

Keywords

Clustering based Routing, Data Aggregation, Energy Efficiency, Wireless Sensor Networks.

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