Total views : 304

Application of Shallow Seismic Refraction Method and Geotechnical Parameters in Site Characterization of a Reclaimed Land

Affiliations

  • Department of Physics, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Abstract


The recent incessant cases of building collapse have made it necessary for building site to be characterized before they are developed especially when the land is reclaimed from water bodies. On the basis of the above, both geophysical and geotechnical methods are engaged to determine the subsurface structure of a land for construction purposes. In this research effort, near surface seismic refraction method together with relevant geotechnical methods were used to characterize the subsurface condition of the study site. Nine seismic refraction profiles were surveyed with some of the profiles laid parallel and some others overlain one another. The result of this study revealed three geologic layers in the site with varying geotechnical parameters. The Young’s modulus, bulk modulus and shear modulus all have values that ranges from 0.071-25.685, 0.083-30.042 and 0.0286-10.395 GPa respectively in the site. From these results, it can be concluded the third layer having the highest value of geotechnical parameters is the most competent and this layer is between 7.5 m and 18 m into the subsurface. The information obtained from other geotechnical methods in the site confirmed the results of this study. Thus, near surface seismic refraction method is recommended for a non-invasive, non-cumbersome and reliable site characterization.

Keywords

Characterization, Geotechnical Parameters, Reclaimed Land, Shallow Seismic Refraction, Subsurface Structure.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 257)

References


  • Hunt RE. Geotechnical engineering investigation handbook. 2nd edition; 2005. p. 1–3.
  • Ayolabi EA, Enoh IJE, Folorunsho AF. Engineering site characterisation using 2-D and 3-D tomography. Earth Science Research. 2012; 2(1):133–42.
  • Shirzadyan J, Talkhablou M. Using GIS software for identification and zoning of the areas prone to liquefaction in the bed soil of the Dams. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015; 8(59):62–66.
  • Burger HR. Exploration geophysics of the shallow subsurface: Prentice Hall, New Jersey; 1992.
  • Akintorinwa OJ, Adesoji IJ. Application of geophysical and geotechnical investigations in engineering site evaluation. International Journal of Physical Sciences. 2009; 4(8):443– 54.
  • Coker JO, Makinde V, Mustapha AO, Adesodun JK. The application of geophysical methods in foundation failure investigation, a case study of Metro Hostel camp area, Abeokuta, Southwestern Nigeria. Nature and Science. 2013; 11(11):103–9.
  • Oyedele KF, Olorode DO. Site investigation of subsurface conditions using electrical resistivity method and cone penetration test at Medina estate, Gbagada, Lagos, Nigeria. World Applied Science Journal. 2010; 11(9):1097–104.
  • Soupios PM, Papazachos CB, Vargemezis G, Fikos I. Application of seismic methods for geotechnical site characterization. International Workshop in Geoenvironment and geotechnics; 2005. p. 163–70.
  • Fitzallen A. An improved approach to site characterization combining geophysical and geotechnical data. Australian Geomechanics. 2010; 45(1):77–88.
  • Robertson PK, Cabal KL. Guide to cone penetration testing for geotechnical engineering. Gregg Drilling and Testing Inc., U. S. A., 4th edition; 2010. p. 6–15.
  • Baldi G, Belloti R, Ghionna VN, Lo Presti DCF. Modulus of sands from CPT and DMT. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on soil mechanics and Foundation Engineering. 1995; p. 165–70.
  • Adegbola RB, Badmus GO. Estimation of shear wave velocity for near-surface wave characterisation; case study: Ifako/ Gbagada area of Lagos State, S. W. Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2014; 4(5):831–40.
  • Elueze AA, Ntom ME. Organic geochemical appraisal of limestones and shales in part of eastern Dahomey basin, Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Mining and Geology. 2004; 40(1):29–40.
  • Adeleye DR. Nigeria late cretaceous stratigraphy and palaeography. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. 1975; 59(12):2302–13.
  • Sayeed SRM, Adel MEM, Abd El-Aal AK. Applicability of near surface seismic refraction technique to site characterization of south Marsa Matrouh and Sedi Abd El-Rahman, Western desert, Egypt. Journal of Applied Geophysics. 2007; 6(2):77–85.
  • Reynolds JM. An introduction to applied and environmental geophysics. Wiley, United Kingdom; 1998. p. 417–50.
  • Shearer PM, Orutt JA. Surface and near-surface effects on seismic waves theory and borehole seismometers results. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 1987; 77(4):1168–196.
  • Altindag R. Correlation between p-wave velocity and some mechanical properties for sedimentary rocks. The Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Mettalurgy. 2012; 112(3):229–37.
  • Dehbashi M, Asl MM. Determining parameters of simple geometric shaped self-potential anomalies. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2014; 7(1):79–85.
  • Bremmer CN. Developments in geomechanical research for infrastructural projects. 12th European Conference on Soil Mechanic and Geotechnical Engineering. Geotechniek Special Issue; 1999. p. 52–5.
  • Adeyemo IA, Omosuyi OG. Hydrogeologic, electrical and electromagnetic measurements for geotechnical characterization of foundation beds at Afunbiowo, near Akure, Southwestern Nigeria. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2012; 5(2):2017–22.
  • Obasi RA, Ikubuwaje CO. Analytical study of rainfall and temperature trend in catchment states and stations of the Benin-Owena river basin, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences. 2011; 2(3):9–21.
  • Oyedele KF, Okoh C. Subsoil investigation using integrated methods at Lagos. Nigeria. Journal of Geology and Mining Research. 2011; 3(7):169–79.
  • Mohd HZA, Fauziah ARS, Devapriya CW, Mohamed FTB. Seismic refraction investigation in near surface landslides at the Kindasang area in Sabah, Malaysia. Sciverse Science Direct, Procedia Engineering. 2012; 50(2012):516–31.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.