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A Theoretical Approach on Face Recognition with Single Sample Per Class using CS-LBP and Gabor Magnitude and Phase


  • Department of CSE, Bharath University, Chennai - 600073, Tamil Nadu, India
  • CSI College of Engineering, Ketti, Nilgiris - 643215, Tamil Nadu, India


Objectives: To develop a theoretical model in order to understand how to recognize acquainted faces and the relationship between face processing acknowledgement with other aspects in face. Greater Performance is achieved in face recognition by local appearance based methods. Methods: The Centre Symmetric local binary pattern with gabor magnitude phase have been proposed in this paper to provide an expression, illumination and pose invariant in a single sample problem for face recognition approach with local spatial, scale and directional discriminate and low dimensional face representation based on features. The proposed methodology was compared with PCA and LBP. Findings: Gabor magnitude and Gabor phase tracks the texture boundaries of textured regions accurately. The evaluated Face features from CS-LBP and gabor magnitude phase has better performance. The Photometric descriptors are used in recent years, proven successful for computing regions which are in interest. In this approach the strength of SIFT descriptors are used in combination with LBP texture operator collectively called CS-LBP descriptor. This nullified illumination changes, strengthening flat image areas, and proficiency in computation. Improvements: For images with severe illumination variations SIFT descriptor is outperformed by CSLBP descriptor this was proved experimentally. The face recognition rate is increased by selective local texture feature Gabor Magnitude and Phase CS-LBP when compared with LBP method and Gabor filter.


Center Symmetric Local Binary Pattern (CS-LBP), Independent Component Analysis (ICA), Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT), Local Binary Pattern (LBP), Linear Discriminate Analysis (LDA), Scale Principle Component analysis (PCA).

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