Total views : 767

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) System for Polymer Composites: A Review

Affiliations

  • School of Mechanical and Building Science (SMBS), VIT University, Chennai Campus - 600127, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


Objectives: The main objective of this paper to review the various currently available Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems for the Polymer Composites particularly in aviation industries. Methods: This paper provides a complete overview about the various types of damage detection technique currently used for the polymer composite structure and also highlights the concept behind the each technique. A brief overview of the research work on experimental and theoretical studies on the various SHM systems is considered and several research papers on these topics are cited. This paper reviews various recent advancement made in the field of damage monitoring techniques, particularly the Piezoresistivity technique with the advent of nanomaterials. Outcomes: This paper serves as an effective source of literature for those interested in pursuing research in the Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) System for the polymer Composites. This paper also provides an effective source of information about the possible research gap in the field the SHM.

Keywords

Composite Materials, Fibre Bragg Grating, Nanomaterials, Piezoresistive Method, Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) System.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 615)

References


  • Balageas D, Fritzen CP, Guemes A, editors. Structural health monitoring. London: ISTE; 2006 Feb.
  • Boller C, Chang FK, Fujino Y. Encyclopedia of structural health monitoring. Barcelona, Spain: John Wiley and Sons Ltd; 2009.
  • Chang FK. Structural health monitoring: Current status and perspectives. CRC Press; 1998 Apr 24.
  • Giurgiutiu V. Structural health monitoring: with piezoelectric wafer active sensors. Academic Press; 2007 Dec 7.
  • Hall SR, Conquest TJ. The total data integrity initiative- structural health monitoring, the next generation. Proceedings of the USAF ASIP; 1999 Nov 2.
  • Cuc A, Giurgiutiu V, Joshi S, Tidwell Z. Structural health monitoring with piezoelectric wafer active sensors for space applications. AIAA Journal. 2007 Dec; 45(12):2838–50.
  • Chang FK, editor. Structural health monitoring 2013: A roadmap to intelligent structures. Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring; 2013 Sep 10-12.
  • Window AL, Holister GS. Strain gauge technology. Applied science publishers; 1982.
  • Molent L, Aktepe B. Review of fatigue monitoring of agile military aircraft. Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures. 2000 Sep 1; 23(9):767–85.
  • Kessler SS, Spearing SM, Soutis C. Damage detection in composite materials using Lamb wave methods. Smart Materials and Structures. 2002 Apr; 11(2):269.
  • Qing XP, Beard SJ, Kumar A, Ooi TK, Chang FK. Built-in sensor network for structural health monitoring of composite structure. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures. 2007 Jan 1; 18(1):39–49.
  • Takeda N. Summary report of the structural health-monitoring project for smart composite structure systems. Advanced Composite Materials. 2001 Jan 1; 10(2-3):107–18.
  • Kister G, Wang L, Ralph B, Fernando GF. Self-sensing e-glass fibres. Optical materials. 2003 Feb 28; 21(4):713–27.
  • Lee B. Review of the present status of optical fiber sensors. Optical Fiber Technology. 2003 Apr 30; 9(2):57–79.
  • Culshaw B. Optical fiber sensor technologies: Opportunities and-perhaps-pitfalls. Journal of Lightwave Technology. 2004 Jan 1; 22(1):39.
  • Placko D, Dufour I. A focused-field eddy current sensor for nondestructive testing. IEEE Transactions on. Magnetics. 1993 Nov; 29(6):3192–4.
  • Sadler DJ, Ahn CH. On-chip eddy current sensor for proximity sensing and crack detection. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2001 Jul 15; 91(3):340–5.
  • Beattie AG. Acoustic emission, principles and instrumentation. Journal of Acoustic Emission. 1983; 2(12):95–128.
  • Alchakra W, Allaf K, Ville JM. Acoustical emission technique applied to the characterisation of brittle materials. Applied Acoustics. 1997 Sep 30; 52(1):53–69.
  • Kannan E, Maxfield BW, Balasubramaniam K. SHM of pipes using torsional waves generated by in situ magnetostrictive tapes. Smart Materials and Structures. 2007 Dec 1; 16(6):2505.
  • Schulte K, Baron C. Load and failure analyses of CFRP laminates by means of electrical resistivity measurements. Composites Science and Technology. 1989 Dec 31; 36(1):63–76.
  • Baron C, Schulte K, Harig H. Influence of fibre and matrix failure strain on static and fatigue properties of carbon fibre-reinforced plastics. Composites Science and Technology. 1987 Jan 1; 29(4):257–72.
  • Abry JC, Bochard S, Chateauminois A, Salvia M, Giraud G. In situ detection of damage in CFRP laminates by electrical resistance measurements. Composites Science and Technology. 1999 May 31; 59(6):925–35.
  • Abry JC, Choi YK, Chateauminois A, Dalloz B, Giraud G, Salvia M. In-situ monitoring of damage in CFRP laminates by means of AC and DC measurements. Composites Science and Technology. 2001 May 31; 61(6):855–64.
  • Kupke M, Schulte K, Schuler R. Non-destructive testing of FRP by dc and ac electrical methods. Composites Science and Technology. 2001 May 31; 61(6):837–47.
  • Seo D-J, Lee JJ. Damage detection of CFRP laminates using electrical resistance measurement and neural network. Composite Structures. 1999 Dec 31; 47(1):525–30.
  • Muto N, Arai Y, Shin SG, Matsubara H, Yanagida H, Sugita M, Nakatsuji T. Hybrid composites with self-diagnosing function for preventing fatal fracture. Composites Science and Technology. 2001 May 31; 61(6):875–83.
  • Park JB, Okabe T, Takeda N, Curtin WA. Electromechanical modeling of unidirectional CFRP composites under tensile loading condition. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2002 Feb 28; 33(2):267–75.
  • Park JB, Okabe T, Takeda N. New concept for modeling the electromechanical behavior of unidirectional carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic under tensile loading. Smart Materials and Structures. 2003 Feb 1; 12(1):105.
  • Todoroki A, Tanaka M, Shimamura Y. Measurement of orthotropic electric conductance of CFRP laminates and analysis of the effect on delamination monitoring with an electric resistance change method. Composites Science and Technology. 2002 Apr 30; 62(5):619–28.
  • Todoroki A, Tanaka Y. Delamination identification of cross-ply graphite/epoxy composite beams using electric resistance change method. Composites Science and Technology. 2002 Apr 30; 62(5):629–39.
  • Todoroki A, Tanaka Y, Shimamura Y. Delamination monitoring of graphite/epoxy laminated composite plate of electric resistance change method. Composites Science and Technology. 2002 Jul 31; 62(9):1151–60.
  • Todoroki A, Tanaka M, Shimamura Y. High performance estimations of delamination of graphite/epoxy laminates with electric resistance change method. Composites Science and Technology. 2003 Oct 31; 63(13):1911–20.
  • Todoroki A, Tanaka M, Shimamura Y. Electrical resistance change method for monitoring delaminations of CFRP laminates: Effect of spacing between electrodes. Composites Science and Technology. 2005 Jan 31; 65(1):37–46.
  • Todoroki A, Omagari K, Shimamura Y, Kobayashi H. Matrix crack detection of CFRP using electrical resistance change with integrated surface probes. Composites Science and Technology. 2006 Sep 30; 66(11):1539–45.
  • Ogi K, Takao Y. Characterization of piezoresistance behavior in a CFRP unidirectional laminate. Composites Science and Technology. 2005 Feb 28; 65(2):231–9.
  • Xia ZH, Curtin WA. Modeling of mechanical damage detection in CFRPs via electrical resistance. Composites Science and Technology. 2007 Jun 30; 67(7):1518–29.
  • Ogi K, Inoue H, Takao Y. An electromechanical model for the temperature dependence of resistance and piezoresistance behavior in a CFRP unidirectional laminate. Composites Science and Technology. 2008 Feb 29; 68(2):433–43.
  • Todoroki A, Samejima Y, Hirano Y, Matsuzaki R. Piezoresistivity of unidirectional carbon/epoxy composites for multiaxial loading. Composites Science and Technology. 2009 Sep 30; 69(11):1841–6.
  • Horoschenkoff A, Derks M, Mueller T, Rapp H, Schwarz S. Konzeptstudiezum Einsatz von elektrischkontaktierten Carbonfasernals Sensor für Leichtbaustrukturenaus Faserverbundwerkstoff. In: Vorträge. 14. Nationales Symposium Sampe Deutschland; Garching, Deutschland. 2008 Feb.
  • Horoschenkoff A, Mueller T, Kroell A. On the characterization of the piezoresistivity of embedded carbon fibres. 17th ICCM; 2009.
  • Hasan MM, Matthes A, Schneider P, Cherif C. Application of Carbon Filament (CF) for structural health monitoring of textile reinforced thermoplastic composites. Materials Science and Technology. 2011 Jul 1; 26(3):128–34.
  • Kunadt A, Heinig A, Starke E, Pfeifer G, Cheriff C, Fischer WJ. Design and properties of a sensor network embedded in thin fiber-reinforced composites. Sensors. 2010 IEEE; 2010 Nov 1. p. 673–7.
  • Vavouliotis A, Paipetis A, Kostopoulos V. On the fatigue life prediction of CFRP laminates using the electrical resistance change method. Composites Science and Technology. 2011 Mar 22; 71(5):630–42.
  • Suzuki Y, Todoroki A, Matsuzaki R, Mizutani Y. Impact-damage visualization in CFRP by resistive heating: Development of a new detection method for indentations caused by impact loads. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2012 Jan 31; 43(1):53–64.
  • Swait TJ, Jones FR, Hayes SA. A practical structural health monitoring system for carbon fibre reinforced composite based on electrical resistance. Composites Science and Technology. 2012 Aug 22; 72(13):1515–23.
  • Konka HP, Wahab MA, Lian K. Piezoelectric fiber composite transducers for health monitoring in composite structures. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2013 May 1;194:84–94.
  • Häntzsche E, Matthes A, Nocke A, Cherif C. Characteristics of carbon fiber based strain sensors for structural-health monitoring of textile-reinforced thermoplastic composites depending on the textile technological integration process. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2013 Dec 1; 203:189–203.
  • Roy S, Ladpli P, Chang FK. Load monitoring and compensation strategies for guided-waves based structural health monitoring using piezoelectric transducers. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 2015 May 11.
  • Abot JL, Song Y, Vatsavaya MS, Medikonda S, Kier Z, Jayasinghe C, Rooy N, Shanov VN, Schulz MJ. Delamination detection with carbon nanotube thread in self-sensing composite materials. Composites Science and Technology. 2010 Jul 31; 70(7):1113–9.
  • Ajayan PM, Zhou OZ. Applications of carbon nanotubes. Carbon Nanotubes. Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2001 Jan 1. p. 391–425.
  • Treacy MJ, Ebbesen TW, Gibson JM. Exceptionally high Young's modulus observed for individual carbon nanotubes. Nature. 1996; 381:678–80.
  • Lu JP. Elastic properties of carbon nanotubes and nanoropes. Physical Review Letters. 1997 Aug 18; 79(7):1297.
  • Shen L, Li J. Erratum: Transversely isotropic elastic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Physical Review B. 2010 Mar 10; 81(11):119902. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.119902.
  • Kang I, Schulz MJ, Kim JH, Shanov V, Shi D. A carbon nanotube strain sensor for structural health monitoring. Smart Materials and Structures. 2006 Jun 1; 15(3):737.
  • Alexopoulos ND, Jaillet C, Zakri C, Poulin P, Kourkoulis SK. Improved strain sensing performance of glass fiber polymer composites with embedded pre-stretched polyvinyl alcohol–carbon nanotube fibers. Carbon. 2013 Aug 31; 59:65–75.
  • Alexopoulos N, Poulin P, Bartholome C, Marioli-Riga Z. Real time sensing of structural glass fiber reinforced composites by using embedded PVA-carbon nanotube fibers. EPJ Web of Conferences; 2010. p. 20003.
  • Alexopoulos ND, Bartholome C, Poulin P, Marioli-Riga Z. Structural health monitoring of glass fiber reinforced composites using embedded Carbon Nanotube (CNT) fibers. Composites Science and Technology. 2010 Feb 28; 70(2):260–71.
  • Alexopoulos ND, Bartholome C, Poulin P, Marioli-Riga Z. Damage detection of glass fiber reinforced composites using embedded PVA–Carbon Nanotube (CNT) fibers. Composites Science and Technology. 2010 Oct 31; 70(12):1733–41.
  • Boger L, Wichmann MH, Meyer LO, Schulte K. Load and health monitoring in glass fibre reinforced composites with an electrically conductive nanocomposite epoxy matrix. Composites Science and Technology. 2008 Jun 30; 68(7):1886–94.
  • Sebastian J, Schehl N, Bouchard M, Boehle M, Li L, Lagounov A, Lafdi K. Health monitoring of structural composites with embedded carbon nanotube coated glass fiber sensors. Carbon. 2014 Jan 31; 66:191–200.
  • Makireddi S, Shivaprasad S, Kosuri G, Varghese FV, Balasubramaniam K. Electro-elastic and piezoresistive behavior of flexible MWCNT/PMMA nanocomposite films prepared by solvent casting method for structural health monitoring applications. Composites Science and Technology. 2015 Oct 30; 118:101–7.
  • Srivastava RK, Vemuru VS, Zeng Y, Vajtai R, Nagarajaiah S, Ajayan PM, Srivastava A. The strain sensing and thermal–mechanical behavior of flexible multi-walled carbon nanotube/polystyrene composite films. Carbon. 2011 Oct 31; 49(12):3928–36.
  • Pham GT, Park YB, Liang Z, Zhang C, Wang B. Processing and modeling of conductive thermoplastic/carbon nanotube films for strain sensing. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2008 Jan 31; 39(1):209–16.
  • Luo S, Liu T. Structure–property–processing relationships of single-wall carbon nanotube thin film piezoresistive sensors. Carbon. 2013 Aug 31; 59:315–24.
  • Luo S, Obitayo W, Liu T. SWCNT-thin-film-enabled fiber sensors for lifelong structural health monitoring of polymeric composites-from manufacturing to utilization to failure. Carbon. 2014 Sep 30; 76:321–9.
  • Thostenson ET, Chou TW. Real-time in situ sensing of damage evolution in advanced fiber composites using carbon nanotube networks. Nanotechnology. 2008 May 28; 19(21):21571–3.
  • Thostenson ET, Chou TW. Carbon nanotube networks: Sensing of distributed strain and damage for life prediction and self healing. Advanced Materials. 2006 Nov 3; 18(21):2837–41.
  • Gao L, Thostenson ET, Zhang Z, Chou TW. Sensing of damage mechanisms in fiber‐reinforced composites under cyclic loading using carbon nanotubes. Advanced Functional Materials. 2009 Jan 9; 19(1):123–30.
  • Zhao H, Zhang Y, Bradford PD, Zhou Q, Jia Q, Yuan FG, Zhu Y. Carbon nanotube yarn strain sensors. Nanotechnology. 2010 Jul 30; 21(30):305502.
  • Abot JL, Alosh T, Belay K. Strain dependence of electrical resistance in carbon nanotube yarns. Carbon. 2014 Apr 30; 70:95–102.
  • Hu N, Karube Y, Arai M, Watanabe T, Yan C, Li Y, Liu Y, Fukunaga H. Investigation on sensitivity of a polymer/carbon nanotube composite strain sensor. Carbon. 2010 Mar 31; 48(3):680–7.
  • Zhang J, Liu J, Zhuang R, Mader E, Heinrich G, Gao S. Single MWNT‐glass fiber as strain sensor and switch. Advanced Materials. 2011 Aug 9; 23(30):3392–7.
  • Viets C, Kaysser S, Schulte K. Damage mapping of GFRP via electrical resistance measurements using nanocomposite epoxy matrix systems. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2014 Oct 31; 65:80–8.
  • Rein MD, Breuer O, Wagner HD. Sensors and sensitivity: Carbon nanotube buckypaper films as strain sensing devices. Composites Science and Technology. 2011 Feb 7; 71(3):373–81.
  • Wicks S, Barber D, Raghavan A, Dunn CT, Daniel L, Kessler SS, Wardle BL. Health monitoring of Carbon Nanotube (CNT) hybrid advanced composites for space applications. Proc 11th Eur Conf on Spacecraft Structures, Materials and Mechanical Testing; Toulouse. 2009 Sep.
  • Capoluongo P, Ambrosino C, Campopiano S, Cutolo A, Giordano M, Bovio I, Lecce L, Cusano A. Modal analysis and damage detection by Fiber Bragg grating sensors. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2007 Feb 12; 133(2):415–24.
  • Staszewski W, Boller C, Tomlinson GR, editors. Health monitoring of aerospace structures: Smart sensor technologies and signal processing. John Wiley and Sons; 2004 Apr 2.
  • Guo H, Xiao G, Mrad N, Yao J. Fiber optic sensors for structural health monitoring of air platforms. Sensors. 2011 Mar 25; 11(4):3687–705.
  • Kalamkarov AL, MacDonald DO, Fitzgerald SB, Georgiades AV. Reliability assessment of pultruded FRP reinforcements with embedded fiber optic sensors. Composite Structures. 2000 Sep 30; 50(1):69–78.
  • Mrad N, Sparling S, Laliberte J. Strain monitoring and fatigue life of Bragg grating fiber optic sensors. 1999 Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials; 1999 May 31. p. 82–91.
  • Shimada A, Urabe K, Kikushima Y, Takahashi J, Kageyama K. Detection of missing fastener based on vibration mode analysis using Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors. Proceedings of SPIE- The International Society for Optical Engineering; 2003 Aug 5. p. 312–8.
  • Guemes JA, Frovel M, Rodriguez-Lence F, Martin JM. Embedded fiber Bragg grating as local damage sensors for composite materials. SPIE's 9th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials; 2002 Jul 1. p. 118–28.
  • Chan TH, Yu L, Tam HY, Ni YQ, Liu SY, Chung WH, Cheng LK. Fiber Bragg grating sensors for structural health monitoring of Tsing Ma bridge: Background and experimental observation. Engineering structures. 2006 Apr 30; 28(5):648–59.
  • Sekine H, Fujimoto SE, Okabe T, Takeda N, Yokobori Jr T. Structural health monitoring of cracked aircraft panels repaired with bonded patches using fiber Bragg grating sensors. Applied Composite Materials. 2006 Mar 1; 13(2):87–98.
  • Paolozzi A, Gasbarri P. Dynamic analysis with fibre optic sensors for structural health monitoring. Universita Di Roma La Sapienza; Roma, Italy. 2006 Oct 1.
  • Sun L, Li HN, Ren L, Jin Q. Dynamic response measurement of offshore platform model by FBG sensors. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2007 May 16; 136(2):572–9.
  • Grouve WJ, Warnet L, De Boer A, Akkerman R, Vlekken J. Delamination detection with fibre Bragg gratings based on dynamic behaviour. Composites Science and Technology. 2008 Sep 30; 68(12):2418–24.
  • Liu L, Zhang H, Zhao Q, Liu Y, Li F. Temperature-independent FBG pressure sensor with high sensitivity. Optical Fiber Technology. 2007 Jan 31; 13(1):78–80.
  • De Baere I, Luyckx G, Voet E, Van Paepegem W, Degrieck J. On the feasibility of optical fibre sensors for strain monitoring in thermoplastic composites under fatigue loading conditions. Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 2009 Apr 30; 47(3):403–11.
  • Papantoniou A, Rigas G, Alexopoulos ND. Assessment of the strain monitoring reliability of Fiber Bragg Grating sensor (FBGs) in advanced composite structures. Composite Structures. 2011 Aug 31; 93(9):2163–72.
  • Chen YC, Hsieh CC, Lin CC. Strain measurement for composite tubes using embedded, fiber Bragg grating sensor. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2011 May 31; 167(1):63–9.
  • Panopoulou A, Loutas T, Roulias D, Fransen S, Kostopoulos V. Dynamic fiber Bragg gratings based health monitoring system of composite aerospace structures. Acta Astronautica. 2011 Oct 31; 69(7):445–57.
  • Antunes P, Varum H, Andrea P. Optical FBG sensors for static structural health monitoring. Procedia Engineering. 2011 Dec 31; 14:1564–71.
  • Loutas TH, Panopoulou A, Roulias D, Kostopoulos V. Intelligent health monitoring of aerospace composite structures based on dynamic strain measurements. Expert Systems with Applications. 2012 Jul 31; 39(9):8412–22.
  • Hafizi ZM, Epaarachchi J, Lau KT. Impact location determination on thin laminated composite plates using an NIR-FBG sensor system. Measurement. 2015 Feb 28; 61:51–7.
  • Loutas TH, Charlaftis P, Airoldi A, Bettini P, Koimtzoglou C, Kostopoulos V. Reliability of strain monitoring of composite structures via the use of optical fiber ribbon tapes for structural health monitoring purposes. Composite Structures. 2015 Dec 15; 134:762–71.
  • John MS, Murukeshan VM, Asundi AK. Fiber Optic Polarimetric Sensor (FOPS) for dynamic applications. International Symposium on Photonics and Applications; 2001 Oct 30. p. 86–9.
  • Zhang Z, Bao X. Continuous and damped vibration detection based on fiber diversity detection sensor by Rayleigh backscattering. Journal of Lightwave Technology. 2008 Apr 1; 26(7):832–8.
  • Thakur HV, Nalawade SM, Saxena Y, Grattan KT. All-fiber embedded PM-PCF vibration sensor for Structural Health Monitoring of composite. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2011 Jun 30;167(2):204–12.
  • Abbott D, Doyle B, Dunlop JB, Farmer AJ, Hedley M, Herrmann J, James GC, Johnson ME, Joshi B, Poulton GT, Price DC. Concepts for an integrated vehicle health monitoring system. AIP Conference Proceedings; 2003 Mar 27. p. 1606–14.
  • Esterline A, Gandluri B, Sundaresan M, Sankar J. Verified models of multiagent systems for vehicle health management. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; 2005 May 19. p. 602–13.
  • Yuan S, Lai X, Zhao X, Xu X, Zhang L. Distributed structural health monitoring system based on smart wireless sensor and multi-agent technology. Smart Materials and Structures. 2006 Feb 1; 15(1):1.
  • Zhao XX, Yuan S, Yu Z, Ye W, Cao J. Designing strategy for multi-agent system based large structural health monitoring. Expert Systems with Applications. 2008 Feb 29; 34(2):1154–68.
  • Zhao X, Yuan S, Zhou H, Sun H, Qiu L. An evaluation on the multi-agent system based structural health monitoring for large scale structures. Expert Systems with Applications. 2009 Apr 30; 36(3):4900–14.
  • Liang D, Yuan S. Structural health monitoring system based on multi-agent coordination and fusion for large structure. Advances in Engineering Software. 2015 Aug 31; 86:1–2.
  • Ratcliffe C, Heider D, Crane R, Krauthauser C, Yoon MK, Gillespie JW. Investigation into the use of low cost MEMS accelerometers for vibration based damage detection. Composite Structures. 2008 Jan 31; 82(1):61–70.
  • Johnson TJ, Brown RL, Adams DE, Schiefer M. Distributed structural health monitoring with a smart sensor array. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing. 2004 May 31; 18(3):555–72.
  • Verijenko B, Verijenko V. The use of strain memory alloys in structural health monitoring systems. Composite Structures. 2006 Oct 31; 76(1):190–6.
  • Mariani SS, Corigliano A, Caimmi F, Bruggi M, Bendiscioli P, De Fazio M. MEMS-based surface mounted health monitoring system for composite laminates. Microelectronics Journal. 2013 Jul 31; 44(7):598–605.
  • Guidorzi R, Diversi R, Vincenzi L, Mazzotti C, Simioli V. Structural monitoring of a tower by means of MEMS-based sensing and enhanced autoregressive models. European Journal of Control. 2014 Jan 31; 20(1):4–13.
  • Mariani SFC, De Fazio M, Bendiscioli P. Investigation of the effectiveness and robustness of an mems-based structural health monitoring system for composite laminates. IEEE Sensors Journal. 2014 Jul; 14(7):2208–15.
  • Kudela P, Ostachowicz W, Zak A. Damage detection in composite plates with embedded PZT transducers. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing. 2008 Aug 31; 22(6):1327–35.
  • Kudela P, Ostachowicz W, Zak A. Damage detection in composite plates with embedded PZT transducers. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing. 2008 Aug 31; 22(6):1327–35.
  • Rajesh R, Anand MD. Prediction of EDM process parameters for a composite material using RBFNN and ANN through RSM. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Mar; 9(13):1–12.
  • Sathyanarayanan KS, Sridharan N. Self sensing concrete using carbon fibre for health monitoring of structures under static loading. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jun; 9(23):1–5.
  • Farrar CR, Hemez FM, Shunk DD, Stinemates DW, Nadler BR, Czarnecki JJ. A review of structural health monitoring literature: 1996-2001. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Laboratory; 2004 Feb.
  • Zou Y, Tong LP, Steven GP. Vibration-based model-dependent damage (delamination) identification and health monitoring for composite structures- A review. Journal of Sound and vibration. 2000 Feb 17; 230(2):357–78.
  • Montalvao D, Maia NM, Ribeiro AM. A review of vibration-based structural health monitoring with special emphasis on composite materials. Shock and Vibration Digest. 2006 Jul 1; 38(4):295–326.
  • Su Z, Ye L, Lu Y. Guided lamb waves for identification of damage in composite structures: A review. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 2006 Aug 22; 295(3):753–80.
  • Lynch JP, Loh KJ. A summary review of wireless sensors and sensor networks for structural health monitoring. Shock and Vibration Digest. 2006 Mar; 38(2):91–130.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.