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Adoption of Cloud Computing among Enterprises in Malaysia


  • School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800, Penang,, Malaysia
  • School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), 11800, Penang, Malaysia


The motivation to perform this study is to find out the significant variables that will impact on stage of cloud computing adoption among enterprises in Malaysia. Moreover, to investigate whether there are any significant variances among the means of independent variables and also the suggested contexts based on the stage of cloud computing adoption in enterprises. The study applies the Technology–Organization–Environment (TOE) framework to build a cloud adoption model. The framework has been verified using 41 enterprises in Malaysia. The results of data analysis show that: (1) the cloud computing adoption level is still low; (2) the 5 significant variables are security and privacy, top management support, cost saving, competitive pressure and trading partner pressure; (3) among the suggested three contexts, the most important one is organizational followed by technological and environmental context; (4) among the independent variables, the results indicate significant differences for top management support based on stage of cloud computing adoption in enterprises; (5) among contexts, the results indicate significant differences for organizational context. Since the cloud computing is a novel concept, then it is a new area for research. The findings of the current research are similar to other studies in case of significant factors for cloud adoption and also the coverage level of cloud among enterprises.The results of this study help IT decision maker to come out with novel cloud computing products to satisfy IT market.Moreover, to help Malaysia government to design a comprehensive roadmap to increase the penetration rate of cloud computing among enterprises in Malaysia.


Cloud Computing Adoption, Cloud Computing Penetration Rate, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Technology Organization Environment (TOE) Framework.

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