Total views : 321
Clinical Diagnostics of Adaptive Resources of the Broiler Chicks’ Organism
The article considers the issues of adaptive resources of broiler chicks under the industrial production conditions. A method of clinical diagnostics of adaptive resources of broiler chicks’ organism is proposed on the basis of the aggregate calculation and interpretation of LipoProtein Index (LPI) and Phospholipid Index (PI) when determining the intensity of the shunt metabolic processes and functional assistance of proteins and lipids in relation to body weight gain and viability in the technological environment. The use of LPI in determining the intensity of metabolism and assessment of body weight gain in broiler chicks will allow controlling the trend and rate of metabolism in chicks during the growing period for meat that can be used for timely adjustment of feed rations, informative clinical examination and increase, thereby, the profitability of the poultry farm. Phospholipid index, together with the lipoprotein index, allows characterizing the physiological condition of chicks during rearing for meat and produce timely adjustment of parameters of the applied feeding and maintenance technologies. Besides, these indices may also be used in the breeding work for the selection of chicks with a high metabolism, and respectively, accelerated growth of body weight and high viability. Thus, in the aggregate, lipoprotein index and phospholipid index allow diagnosing the adaptive resources of the broiler chicks’ organism under the technological environment conditions that is based on the physiological relationships of protein and lipid metabolites at the heart of functional systems of metabolism providing maintenance of homeostasis.
Adaptive Resources, Broiler Chicks, Homeostasis, Lipoprotein Index, Metabolism, Phospholipid Index.
- Kolesnik E.A., Derkho M.A. Estimation of intensity of metabolism and body weight gain in broiler chickens by lipoprotein index. J. Veterinary. 2014; 7:47-51 [In Russian].
- Kolesnik, E.A., Derkho, M.A. About cluster system of phospholipids in ontogenesis of broiler chickens. Agricultural Biology. 2015; 50(2):217-224. Doi:10.15389/agrobiology.2015.2.217rus, Doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2015.2.217eng.
- Aliyev A.A. Achievements of physiology of digestion of farm animals in the XX century. Agricultural Biology. 2007; 2:12-23.
- Bobyliov A., Glotov A., BatoyevTs, etc. Possibilities of a gastrointestinal tract of a bird. Poultry Farming. 2002; 5:14-17.
- Dreval V.I. Changes of lipidic and proteinaceous components of plasmatic membranes of a timus at peroxide oxidation of lipids. Biochemistry. 1991; 56(9):1613-1619.
- Donkova N.V. Cytofunctional features of development of broilers at intensive use of medicines. Agricultural Biology. 2006; 2:83-88.
- Erimbetov K.T., Shariyeva D.I., Obvintseva O.V. Regulation of an exchange of protein and nitrogenous connections in an organism of the growing animal different types. Agricultural Biology. 2005; 4:29-34.
- Klimov A.N.Lipoproteida of blood plasma, their function and a metabolism. Biochemistry of lipids and their role in a metabolism. Under the editorship of academic S.E. Severin. Science: Moscow. 1981; 45-75.
- Methods of veterinary clinical laboratory diagnostics: the reference book. Under the editorship of the prof. I.P. Kondrakhin. Colossus: Moscow; 2004. p. 520.
- Tarakanov B.V., Gerasimenko V.V., Nikulin V.N. A metabolism and efficiency of geese at addition in a probiotic diet lactomilovorin. Agricultural Biology. 2004; 4:52-58.
- Halafyan A.A. STATISTICA 6. Statistical analysis of data. 3rd prod. The textbook LLC Bingom-Press: Moscow; 2007.
- Hozhiakhmedov G. Change of synthesis of proteins and activity of enzymes in endocrine bodies of birds in ontogenesis. Biochemistry. 1990; 55(11):1984-1987.
- Sharshunova M., Schwartz W., Mikhalets S. A thin layer chromatography in pharmacy and clinical biochemistry. World: Moscow; 1980. 1.
- Eits R.M., Kwakkel R.P., Verstegen M.W.A., Stoutjesdijk P., De Greff K.H. Protein and lipid deposition rates in male broiler chickens: separate responses to amino acids and protein-free energy. Journal of Poultry Science. 2002; 81(4):472-480.
- Fouad A.M., El-Senousey H.K., Yang X.J. Dietary L - arginine supplementation reduces abdominal fat content by modulating lipid metabolism in broiler chickens. Animal. 2013; 7(8):1239-1245.
- Rogers S.R., Pesti G.M. The influence of dietary tryptophan on broiler chick growth and lipid metabolism as mediated by dietary protein levels. Journal of Poultry Science. 1990; 69(5):746-56.
- Pollack G.B., Cramblett N.G., Clare D. Serum and tissue lipids in Reye's Syndrome. N.-Y., 1975, 227-243.
- Svennerholm L, Vanier M.T. The distribution of lipids in the human nervous system. II. Lipids composition of human fetal and infant brain. Brain Res. 1972; 47:457-468.
- Kidd P.M. Phosphatidylcholine: Monograph. Alternative Medicine Review. 2002; 7(2):150-154.
- Isaev B.A. A role the essencial of phospholipids in a human body. Medical Almanac. 2011; 2:134-135.
- Hohenester S, Beuers U. Phosphatidylcholines as regulators of glucose and lipid homeostasis: Promises and potential risks. Hepatology. 2011; 54(6):2266-2268.
- Vaydo A.M., Shiryaeva H.B., Gerasimova I.A., Flerov M.A. Influence of a stress on phospholipidic structure sinaptosy bark of big cerebral hemispheres of rats with a different threshold of excitability of nervous system. Neurochemistry. 2003; 4:269-275.
- Novgorodtseva T.P., Zhukov N.V., Karaman Yu K. Features of composition of phospholipids of erythrocytes and a condition of redoks-system of glutathione at rats at adaptation to hyper cholesteric loading. Bulletin Experimental Biology and Medicine. 2010; 9:258-261.
- Afanasyev S.A., RebrovaT.Yu., Kondratyeva D.S. Features of phospholipidic structure of membranes of erythrocytes in the conditions of a postinfarctioncardiosclerosis. Biomedical Chemistry. 2007; 5:541-546.
- Krasilnikov M.A., Shatsky V.A. Shtutman M.S. Regulation of a cycle of the address of the phospholipids in the fibroblasts of a hamster transformed by oncogenes of v-src and - ras. Biochemistry. 1994; 59(11):1766-1773.
- Prokazova N.V., Zvezdin N.D., Korotayeva A.A. Influence of a lizofosfatidilkholin on transfer of a transmembrane signal in a cage. Biochemistry. 1998; 63(1):38-46.
- Kidd P.M. Fosfatidilkholin as protective cure for liver diseases. Russian Magazine of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Coloproctology. 1998; 3:17-22.
- KornilovaZ.Kh., Perelman M.I., Selishcheva A.A. Influence of liposomes from a fosfatidilkholin on regeneration of an operational wound of a lung of a guinea pig. Bulletin Experimental Biology and Medicine. 2001; 2:228-231.
- Khalilov E.M., Torkhovskaya T.I., Zakharova T.S. Fosfatidilkholin as basis of artificial pulmonary surfactant: comparison of surface-active properties. Biomedical Chemistry. 2004; 2:180-186.
- Udovichenko V.I., Leskova G.F. Features of changes of phospholipidic structure of plasmatic membranes of hepatocytes at development of hemorrhagic shock in cats. Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine. 1997; 123(3):261-263.
- Mokhov E.M., Makarov V. K., Mosyagin A.V. Blood serum phospholipids in diagnostics of genesis of mechanical jaundice. Questions of Biological, Medical and Pharmaceutical Chemistry. 2008; 2:29-31.
- Ivanov V.N., Hyshiktuyev B.S., AgapovaYu.R. Phospholipidic structure of various sites of the struck body at a lung cancer. Questions of Medical Chemistry. 1999; 4:350-354.
- Ipatova O.M., Torkhovskaya T.I., Zakharova T.S. Sfingolipida and cellular alarm system: participation in apoptosis and atherogenesis. Biochemistry. 2006; 71(7):882-893.
- Martynova E.A. Influence of sfingolipid on activation of T-lymphocytes. Biochemistry. 1998; 63(1):122-132.
- Walzem R.L. Baillie R.A., Wiest M. Functional annotation of genomic data with metabolic inference. J. Poult. Sci. 2007; 86:1510-1522.
- Recommendations about feeding of an agricultural bird.Sergiyev Posad; 2004.
- Guide to cultivation of broilers of Hubbard ISA. Hendrix Genetics Inc.. 2012. http://hubbardbreeders.com. Date accessed: 10/09/2015.
- Surai, P.F., Fisinin, V.I. Feeding breeders to avoid oxidative stress in embryos. XXIV World´s Poultry Congress 5 - 9 August – 2012. Salvador - Bahia – Brazil. Chicken Breeder and Broiler Production. August 07, 1-12. 2012.
- Karadas, F., Peter F. Surai, P.F. Sparks N.H.C. Changes in broiler chick tissue concentrations of lipid-soluble antioxidants immediately post-hatch. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 2011; 160A:68-71.
- Rebel J.M., Van Hemert S., Hoekman A.J., Balk F.R., Stockhofe-Zurwieden N., Bakker D. Smits M.A. Maternal diet influences gene expression in intestine of offspring in chicken (Gallus gallus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology.2006; 145A:502-508.
- Yuan D., Zhan X., Wang Y. Effects of selenium sources and levels on reproductive performance and selenium retention in broiler breeder, egg, developing embryo, and 1- ay-old chick. Biological Trace Element Research. 2011; 144:705-714.
- Hochachka, P.W., Somero, G.N. Biochemical Adaptation: Mechanism and Process in Physiological Evolution. OxfordUniversity Press:Oxford, 2002.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.