Total views : 571

Performance Analysis of IPv4 to IPv6 Transition Methods

Affiliations

  • VIT University, Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


It is an arduous and indolent process to switch to IPv6 technology from the existing IPv4. This paper aims at providing a lucid performance analysis of key techniques used in IPv4 to IPv6 transition. Sustainable and real time topologies are built for each of the three robust techniques, namely, dual stack, tunneling, and network address translation. These implementations are done in an open source Network simulator GNS3 (1.3.13), a wide compatible and realistic simulator. All the topologies are analyzed for latency, efficiency and throughput using wire shark packet analyzer. Networks are built using different commercially used cisco 7200, 3600 and 3700 series routers and used serial and fast ethernet cables for connecting the nodes. All topologies are configured as private, to analyze each technique performance at their maximum potential. This analysis can be found useful in employing the right transition technique depending on the network scenario used as it weigh the advantage and limitation for each technique. The analysis depicts the competence of tunneling for its highest latency comparatively. Among the three methods, Dual Stack displays 100% efficiency in communicating within the network. Network address translation show 94% efficiency as it plays an important role when IPv4 only needs to communicate with IPv6 nodes. In most cases, IPv6 show better performance than IPv4, which lucidly explains the potential of IPv6. The analysis can further be extended to hardware implementation by constructing large topologies and with various other sophisticated routers produced by different vendors.

Keywords

GNS3, IPV4, IPv6, Performance Analysis (Throughput; Latency; Efficiency), Transition Techniques (Dual Stack; Tunneling; Translation), Wireshark.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 900)

References


  • RFC 791: I. S. I. at University of Southern California. Internet Protocol, DARPA Internet Program, Protocol Specification; 1981
  • Postel J. Extensible field addressing. Internet RFC 730; 1977 May.
  • Turanyi Z, Valk A. IPv4+4, 10th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols, ICNP’02; 2002. p. 1–10.
  • Srisuresh P, Holdrege M. IP Network Address Translator (NAT) terminology and considerations. Internet RFC 2663; 1999 Aug. p. 1–30.
  • Wu P. Cui Y. Wu J, Liu J. Transition from IPv4 to IPv6: A state-of-the-art survey. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials. 2012 Dec; 15(3).
  • IEEE-USA white paper, next generation internet: IPv4 address exhaustion. Mitigation Strategies and Implications for the U.S; 2009.
  • Zeadally S, Raicu I. Impact of IPv6 on end-user applications. 10th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2003; 2003 Feb 23-Mar 1. p. 973–80.
  • Deering S, Hiden R. Internet Protocol, Version 6(IPv6). IETF RFC 2460. Available from: https://tools.ietf.org/html/ rfc2460
  • Saad RMA, Almomani A, Altaher A, Gupta BB, Manickam S. ICMPv6 flood attack detection using DENFIS Algorithms.. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2014 Feb; 7(2):168–73.
  • Ul Rehman S, Manickam S. Significance of duplicate address detection mechanism in Ipv6 and its security issues: A survey. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015; 8(30):1–8.
  • Mokhtar RA, Ismail AF, Hasan MK, Hashim W, Abbas H, Saeed RA, Islam S. Lightweight Handover Control Function (L-HCF) for mobile internet protocol version six (IPv6). Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 2015 Jun; 8(12). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i12/70656.
  • Raicu I. An empirical analysis of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6); 2002.
  • Huitema C. IPV6; The new Internet Protocol. Prentice Hall; 1996.
  • Nordmark E, Gilligan R. Basic transition mechanisms for IPv6 hosts and routers. IETF RFC 2893; 2005 Oct. Available from: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4213z
  • Tahir HM, Taa A, Nasir NBM. Implementation of IPv4 over IPv6 using Dual Stack Transition Mechanism (DSTM) on 6iNet. 2nd Information and Communication Technologies, ICTTA ‘06; 2006.
  • Deering S, Conta A. Generic packet tunneling in IPv6. IETF RFC 2473. Available from: https://tools.ietf.org/html/ rfc2473
  • Raicu I, Zeadally S. Evaluating IPv4 to IPv6 transition mechanisms. Telecommunications, ICT; 2003
  • Cui Y, Dong J, Wu P, Wu J, Metz C, Lee YL, Durand A. Tunnel-based IPv6 transition. IEEE Internet Computing. 2013 Mar; 17(2):62–8. Available from: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety. org/10.1109/MIC.2012
  • Toutain L, Afifi H. Dynamic tunneling: A new method for the IPv4-lPv6 Transition.
  • Postel J. Internet control message protocol. Internet RFC792; 1981 Sep.
  • Tsirtsis G, Srisuresh P. Network Address Translation – Protocol Translation (NAT-PT). IETF RFC2766. Available from: https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2766.txt

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.