Total views : 277

Natives of the Post-Soviet Countries in the Population of Russia: International Migrants or Not?

Affiliations

  • National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE),Moscow, Russian Federation

Abstract


In this article, the role of natives from the former republics of the USSR in forming the population of Russia is analysed. In spite of the fact that Russia formally was ranked to be the second country in the world after the USA in regards to the numbers that were born abroad, only a small part of them are international migrants. From 11 million people, only one-third arrived to Russia after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Furthermore, they are not repatriates, they returned home to be representative of the people that traditionally live in Russia. In this article, not only are the scales of resettlement in Russia calculated, but also an attempt to estimate the survival of migrants, by an accommodation assessment in place of their installation being made. The vast majority of migrants from Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, Abkhazia and South Ossetia lived in Russia for more than 10 years, and it is difficult to distinguish them from locals. Among the natives of these countries, included: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Moldova and Armenia. A high share of those who lived in a residence for less than 3 years, are considered to be new settlers. A large number of the arrived return to their countries, even if they at first wished to remain in Russia on a permanent residence. A large migratory turnover does not cause a large number of the saved-up migrants in case of their low survival.

Keywords

Census, Integration of Migrants,Lifetime Migrants.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 174)

References


  • Base of microthese All-Russian population censuses [Internet]. 2002, 2010. [Cited 2015 Oct 12]. Available from: http://std.gmcrosstata.ru/webapi/jsf/tableView/customiseTable.xhtml.
  • Onikiyenko VV, Popovkin VA. Complex research of migratory processes: Analysis of population shifts of USSR. Statistics: Moscow; 1973.
  • 232 million international migrants living abroad worldwide-new UN global migration statistics reveal [Internet]. [Cited 2015 Oct 12]. Available from: http://esa .un.org/unmigration/wallchart2013.htm.
  • Bell M, Muhidin S. Cross-national comparisons of internal migration. Human Development Research Paper. United Nations Development Program: New York; 2009.
  • Bhagat RB. Assessing the measurement of internal migration in India. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal. 2008; 17(1):91–102.
  • Boyd C. Migrants in New Zealand: An analysis of labor market outcomes for working aged migrants using 1996 and 2001 census data. Department of Labor: Wellington; 2003.
  • Dustmann C, Weiss Y. Return migration: theory and empirical evidence from the UK. British Journal of Industrial Relations. 2007; 45(2);236–56.
  • International Migration 2013. ST/ESA/SER.A/338. UN: New York; 2013.
  • Stronks K, Ravelli AC, Reijneveld SA. Immigrants in the Netherlands: equal access for equal needs? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2001; 55(10):701–7.
  • United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2013. International Migration Wallchart. United Nations Population Division: New York [Internet]. 2013. [Cited 2015 Oct 12]. Available from: http://esa.un.org/unmigration/wallchart2013.htm.
  • Vasilenko PV. Methodic of assessment of migratory attractiveness of the territory. Geographical Messenger; 2014. p. 39–46.
  • Zayonchkovskaya ZA. New settlers in the cities. (Survival studying methods). Statistics: Moscow; 1972.
  • Zayonchkovsky ZA. Demography situation and moving. Science: Moscow; 1991.
  • Zayonchkovskaya ZA. Migration. Population of Russia 2000. Ninth Annual Demographic Report. KDU: Moscow; 2001.
  • Results of the All-Russian population census of 2010. A length of residence of the population in a permanent address [Internet]. [Cited 2015 Oct 16]. Available from: http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm.
  • UN Principles and recommendations for population censuses and dwelling stock. New York; 2009.
  • Perevedentsev VI. Population shift studying methods. Science: Moscow; 1975.
  • Russia - the great migratory power. Demoscope Weekly [Internet]. [Cited 2015 Oct 04]. Available from: http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/2013/0569/lisa01.php.
  • Rybakovsky LL. Population shift: Stages of migratory process. Appendix to the Migration Journal in Russia. Moscow; 2001.
  • Sikevich ZV. Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians: together or separately? Social Researches; 2007. p. 59–67.
  • Encyclopedia of statistical terms. Demographic and Social Statistics: Moscow; 2011.
  • Kim MJ, Kim YJ. Experience of relationship between mother in law and daughter in law among Korea rural married immigrant women: With a focus on daughter in laws from China, Vietnam and the Philippines who live with their mother in laws in Korea. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Jan; 8(S1):307–14. DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8iS1/59292.
  • Kim YM, Yang JS, Lee JK, Kim IG, Park SS. An influence of leisure participation motives of married immigrant women on the leisure satisfaction and social adaptation to Korea. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Jan; 8(S1):405–11. DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8iS1/59359.
  • Lim JR, Jung MS, Kim HL. Maternal health status and behaviours of immigrant women. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Jan; 8(S1):293–301. DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8iS1/59264.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.