Total views : 408
Spatial and Temporal Mapping of Groundwater Quality using GIS based Water Quality Index (A Case Study of SIPCOT-Perundurai, Erode, Tamil Nadu, India)
Groundwater is an important source of drinking water especially in rural areas of Tamil Nadu. Over exploitation of groundwater for industrial use has become a major challenge. Therefore, it is very important to assess the quality of groundwater. The present study is about the geostatistical analysis of groundwater quality for SIPCOT Industrial estate, Perundurai, Erode, where Groundwater is the main source of water for drinking and irrigation purpose. The aim of the study is to map the current situation of groundwater quality in the study area. The groundwater samples collected from 35 wells in and around the SIPCOT industrial estate are used for this purpose. The major water quality parameters such as pH, EC, TDS, TA, TH, Ca, Mg, Na, K, F, Sulfates, Nitrites, Nitrates, Chlorine, Carbonate, Bicarbonate, Sodium absorption ratio, Residual sodium carbonate, and Sodium have been estimated for all the samples and the results were compared with the BIS standards. The spatial distribution map of these groundwater quality parameters were derived and integrated with WQI through GIS. GIS is used as a tool for analysis of spatial distribution of water quality. The resultant map shows the Water quality index for both pre monsoon and post monsoon season of the study area.
BIS Standards, GIS, Groundwater Quality, Spatial Variation, Water Quality Index
- Ambasht RS. Ecosystem study of a tropical pond in related to primary production of different vegetation zones. Hydrobiologia. 1971; 12:57-61.
- Arslan H. Spatial and temporal mapping groundwater salinity using ordinary kriging and indicator kriging: The case of Bafra Plain, Turkey. Agricultural Water Management. 2012; 113:57-63.
- APHA. Washington D.C.: American Public Health Association: Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 1998.
- BIS. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards: Indian standards specifications for drinking water IS: 10500. 2003.
- Engel BA, Navulur KCS. The role of geographical information systems in groundwater Engineering. Boca Raton, CRC: Delleur JW (ed.) The handbook of groundwater engineering. 1999; p.703-18.
- Nas B, Berktay A. Groundwater quality mapping in urban groundwater using GIS. Environ. Monitor. Assess. 2010; 160(1-4):215-27.
- Byun DH. The AHP approach for selecting an automobile purchase model. Information and Management. 2001; 38:289-97.
- Chatterjee C and Raziuddin M. Determination of water quality index (WQI) of a degraded river in asanol Industrial area, Raniganj, Burdwan, West Bengal. Nature, Environment and pollution Technology. 2002; 1(2):181-89.
- Choi MW. Tokyo: The Tokyo Press: A hydrological study of the groundwater in Nasu, Tochigi Prefecture. 1976; p. 21-39.
- Collect C. Geographic Information system Needs and Software Boston, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers: Geographical Information System in Hydrology, 1st Edition. 1996.
- Dahiya S and Kaur A. Assessment of physical and Chemical characteristics of underground water in rural areas of Tosham subdivision, Bhiwani-Haryana. International Journal of Environment and Pollution. 1999; (4):281-88.
- Delgado C, Pacheco J, Cabrea A, Baltlori E, Orellana R and Baustista F. Quality of groundwater for irrigation in tropical karst environment; the case of Yucatan, Mexico. Agricultural Waste Management. 2010; 97:1423-33.
- Ghosh A and George JP. Studies on the abiotic factors and zooplankton in a polluted urban reservoir hussain sagar, Hyderabad: Imapact on water quality and Embryonic development of fishes. Indian Journal of Environment and health. 1989; 31:49-59.
- Guruprasad B. Assessment of water quality in canals of Krishna delta area of Andra Pradesh, Nature of Environment and pollution Technology. 2005; (4):521-23.
- Horten RK. An Index number for rating water quality. J. Water poll. cont. Fed. 1965; 37(3):300-6.
- Hiyama T, Suzuki Y. Groundwater in the Nasuno basin – spatial and seasonal changes in water quality in Japan, Hydrol. J Jap Assoc Hydro SCS. 1991; 21(3):143-54.
- Joseph K. An integrated approach for management of TDS in reactive dyeing effluents. Hyderabad: International conference on Industrial pollution and Control Technology.
- Naik S and Puohit KM. Physico-chemical analysis of some community ponds of Rourkela. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection. 1996; 16(9):679-84.
- Raviprakash S and Rao GK. The chemistry of ground water in paravada area with regards to their suitability for domestic and irrigational purposes. Indian Journal of Geochemistry. 1989; 4:39-54.
- Shomar B, Fakher SA and Yahyal A. Assessment of Groundwater quality in the Gaza strip, Palestine using GIS mapping. Journal Water Resource and Protection. 2010; 2:93-104.
- Srinivasamoorthy, Nanthakumar C, Vasanthavigar M. Groundwater quality assessment from a hard rock terrain, Selam district of Tamil nadu. Arabian J. Geoscience. 2009; p. 112-15.
- Tiwari TN and Mishra M. A preliminary assignment of water quality index of major indian rivers. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection. 1985; 5(4):276-79.
- WHO. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization: International Standards for Drinking Water. 1992.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.