Total views : 370

Structural Behavior of Geopolymer Masonry


  • Department of Civil Engineering, Jain University, Bengaluru – 560069, Karnataka, India
  • Department of Civil Engineering, RV College of Engineering, Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bengaluru - 560059, Karnataka, India


Background/Objectives: To determine the basic properties of masonry units, masonry efficiency for the different h/t ratios of the masonry prisms and wallets. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The geopolymer bricks were cured at ambient temperature. These bricks were tested for compression, Initial Rate of Absorption [IRA], density, water absorption, dimensionality and modulus of elasticity. They were also tested for alternative drying and wetting. The microstructure of the bricks was also analyzed. Geopolymer prisms were cast and tested using geopolymer mortar / cement mortar for the different thickness of joints. The Masonry wallets were constructed using geopolymer brick and conventional cement mortar. They were tested for axial and eccentric loading. Findings: The compressive strength of geopolymer brick attains more than 5MPa within 24 hours which influences the user to handle without any issues. It was found that the basic properties of geopolymer masonry brick well within the limits prescribed in the relevant codes. Geopolymer mortar can be used as mortar in building masonry structures as it exhibits better compressive strength and other properties than cement mortar. The performance of the axial and eccentrically loaded wallette was found to be superior compared to the conventional cement brick masonry. Application/Improvements: The geopolymer masonry bricks were used as structural masonry units due to better performance.


Efficiency, Geopolymer Bricks, Masonry, Strength, Sustainable.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 549)


  • Banupriya C, John S, Suresh R, Divya E, Vinitha D. Experimental Investigations on Geopolymer Bricks/Paver Blocks. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Apr; 9(16). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i16/92209.
  • Mahendran K, Arunachelam N. Performance of Fly Ash and Copper Slag based Geopolymer Concrete. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Jan; 9(2). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i2/86359.
  • Abdul Aleem MI, Arumairaj PD. Optimum Mix for the Geopolymer Concrete. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2012 Mar; 5(3). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2012/ v5i3/30380.
  • Kumar D, Pourush PKS, Siva Konda Reddy B, Varaprasad J, Naveen Kumar Reddy K. Strength and Workability of Low Lime Fly-Ash Based Geopolymer Concrete. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2010 Dec; 3(12). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2010/v3i12/29858.
  • Fodi A, Bodi I. Basics of reinforced masonry. Concrete Structures. 2011; 3(1):69−77.
  • Drysdale RG, Hamid A, Masonry structures behavior and design. 3rd ed. Hamilton, Ontario: Mcmaster University; 2008.
  • Climate change and the cement industry Cement Trends. GCL-Environmental special issue; 2002 May 27.
  • Davidovits J. Properties of geopolymer cements. Ukraine: Proceedings of Kiev State Technical University Conference; 1994. p. 131−49.
  • Radhakrishna, Shashishankar A, Udayashankar BC, Renuka Devi MV. Compressive Strength Assessment of Geopolymer Composites by a Phenomenological Model. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2010; 29(6):840−52.
  • Radhakrishna. A Phenomenological Model To Re-Proportion Geopolymer Compressed Blocks. Concrete Technology Today. 2008 Oct; 7(3):46−8.
  • Radhakrishna, Renuka Devi MV, Udayashankar BC. Use of fly ash in Construction Industry for sustainable development. Journal of Environmental Research and Development. 2009; 3:1211−21.
  • Radhakrishna, Shashishankar A, Udayashankar BC. Analysis and Assessment of Strength Development in Class F Fly Ash Based Compressed Geopolymer Blocks. Indian Concrete Journal. 2008; 82(8):31−7.
  • Radhakrishna, Manjunath GS, Giridhar C, Jadav M. Strength Development in Geopolymer pastes and Mortars. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 2011; 04(06):830−4.
  • Kupwade-Patil K, Allouche EN. Impact of alkali silica reaction on flyash based geopolymer concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2013; 25(1):131−9.
  • Turgut P. Masonry composite material made of limestone powder and flyash. Powder Technology. 2010; 204(1):44−7.
  • Lingling X, Wei G, Tao W, Nanru Y. Study on fired bricks with replacing clay by flyash in high volume ratios. Construction and Building Materials. 2005; 19(3):243−7.
  • Chou MI, Chou SF, Patel V, Pickering MD, Stucki JW. Manufacturing fired bricks with class F fly ash from Illinois basin coals. Combustion Byproduct Recycling Consortium; 2006. p. 1−36.
  • Kute S, Deodhar SV. Effect of fly ash and temperature on properties of burnt Clay bricks. Journals of Civil Engineering. 2003; 84:82–5.
  • Sutku M, Akkurt S. The use of recycled paper processing residues in making porous brick with reduced thermal conductivity. Ceramics Journal. 2009; 35(7):2625−31.
  • Drougkas A, Roka P, Molins C. Compressive strength and elasticity of pure lime mortar masonry. Journal of Materials and Structures. 2016 Mar; 49(3):983−99.
  • Sarangapani G, Reddy BV, Jagadish KS. Structural characteristics of bricks, mortars and masonry. Journal of Structural Engineering. 2002; 2(29):101−7.
  • Sarangapani G, Reddy BV, Jagadish KS. Brick-Mortar Bond and Masonry Compressive Strength. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2005; 17(2):229–37.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.