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Prediction of Crop Yield using Regression Analysis

Affiliations

  • Department of Computer Science and Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur – 603203, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


Yield prediction benefits the farmers in reducing their losses and to get best prices for their crops. The objective of this work is to analyze the environmental parameters like Area under Cultivation (AUC), Annual Rainfall (AR) and Food Price Index (FPI) that influences the yield of crop and to establish a relationship among these parameters. In this research, Regression Analysis (RA) is used to analyze the environmental factors and their infliction on crop yield. RA is a multivariate analysis technique which analyzes the factors groups them into explanatory and response variables and helps to obtain a decision. A sample of environmental factors like AR, AUC, FPI are considered for a period of 10 years from 1990-2000. Linear Regression (LR) is used to establish relationship between explanatory variables (AR, AUC, FPI) and the crop yield as response variable. R2 value clearly shows that yield is mainly dependent on AR. AUC and FPI are the other two factors influencing the crop yield. This research can be extended by considering other factors like Minimum Support Price (MSP), Cost Price Index (CPI), Wholesale Price Index (WPI) etc. and their relationship with crop yield.

Keywords

Regression Analysis, Yield of the Crop.

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