Total views : 247

Efficient Combinatorial Optimization Algorithm for Exploiting Modification Direction in Data Embedding

Affiliations

  • Faculty of Information Technology, Ton Duc Thang University, No.19 Nguyen Huu Tho Str., Ho Chi Minh city, Viet Nam
  • Department of Electronic Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of
  • Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Korea, Republic of

Abstract


Background/Objectives: Steganographic techniques embed a secret to host cover to conceal its content. Among several methods for data embedding, Exploiting Modification Direction (EMD), which is simple and efficient, has attracted a lot of attention lately. Methods/Statistical Analysis: However, the recent schemes based on this method have high stego-image distortion. In this paper, we employ combinatorial optimization algorithm, also known as Hungarian algorithm to reorganize the secret sequences. Findings: As a result, we can remarkably reduce the distortion and achieve the best quality of stego-image. Moreover, experimental results show that our scheme is stable under different scenarios regardless of common case, worst case, or best case. Application/Improvements: Due to the simplicity and efficiency, the method is suitable for real-time application. This method is improved further to enhance embedding capacity while remaining the image quality

Keywords

Data Hiding, EMD, Hungarian Algorithm, Information Security, Optimization, Steganography.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 261)

References


  • Turner LF. Digital data security system. Patent IPN. 1989, WO 89/08915.
  • Dumitrescu S, Wu X, Wang Z. Detection of LSB steganography via sample pair analysis. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing. 2003; 51(7):1995–2007.
  • Mielikainen J. LSB matching revisited IEEE Signal Processing Letters. 2006; 13(5):285–87.
  • Chan CK, Cheng LM. Hiding data in images by simple LSB substitution. Pattern Recognition. 2004; 37(3):469–74.
  • Zhang X, Wang S. Efficient Stegonographic embedding by exploiting modification direction. IEEE Communication Letters. 2006; 10 (11):1–3.
  • Thanikaiselvan V, Bansal T, Jain P, Shastri S. 9/7 IWT domain data hiding in image using adaptive and non adaptive methods. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016; 9(5). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i5/87189.
  • Chao RM, Wu HC, Lee CC, Chu YP. A novel image data hiding scheme with diamond encoding. EURASIP Journal of Information Security. 2009 May 4.
  • Kuo WC, Chang SY. Hybrid GEMD data hiding. Journal of Information Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing. 2013; 4 (2).
  • Kuo WC, Wang CC. Data hiding based on generalized exploiting modification direction method. The Imaging Science Journal. 2013; 61:484–90.
  • Lee CF, Chang CC, WangKH. An improvement of EMD embedding method for large payloads by pixel segmentation strategy. Image and Vision Computing. 2008; 26:1670–76.
  • Jung KH, Yoo KY. Improved exploiting modification direction method by modulus operation. International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern. 2009; 2(1):79–87.
  • Wang J, Sun Y, Xu H, Chen K, Kim HJ, Joo SH. An improved section-wise exploiting modification direction method. Signal Processing. 2010; 90:2954–64.
  • Hong W, Chen TS. A novel data embedding method using adaptive pixel pair matching. IEEE Traction on Information Forensics and Security. 2012; 7(1).
  • Wang Z, Bovik AC, Sheikh HR, Simoncelli EP. Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structure similarity. IEEE Transaction on Image Processing. 2004; 13(4):600–12.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.