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Efficient and Low Complexity Noise Cancellers for Cardiac Signal Enhancement using Proportionate Adaptive Algorithms

Affiliations

  • Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Nizam Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana - 508284, India
  • Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, GITAM University, Hyderabad, Telangana - 502329, India
  • Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, KKR and KSR Institute of Technology and Science,Pratipadu Road, Vinjanampadu-522017, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract


Objectives: To enhance the quality of Cardiac Signal for perfect diagnosis by the doctor. Methods/Statistical Analysis: We are introducing some adaptive filter structures for Cardiac Signal (CS) enhancement for the extraction of high resolution cardiac signals and these structures were based on the Proportionate Normalized Least Mean Square (PNLMS) algorithm. The main advantage of PNLMS over the conventional techniques is extraction of sparse coefficients, suitably weighing them and fast convergence. These ANCs are tested using MIT-BIH database to compare the performance. Findings: We consider Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), Excess Mean Square Error (EMSE), Misadjustment (MSD), convergence curves and residual error plots as performance measures. Among the ANCs tested, PMNSRLMA based ANC is found to be better with reference to the considered performance measures and computational complexity. The average SNRI achieved by this ANC is 18.8856dBs for PLI elimination, 8.7580dBs for BW elimination, 8.5106dBs for MA elimination and 8.5012dBs for EM elimination. From the above results it is clear that in practical biotelemetry applications to minimize the computational complexity of the noise canceller we combine PNLMS with signature algorithms. Again, to reduce the complexity in the denominator of the normalized recursion, we use maximum normalized version of PNLMS. Finally, these variations result in seven algorithms in addition to PNLMS. Based on these algorithms, we develop various Adaptive Noise Cancellers (ANCs) to eliminate artifacts present in the CS and to present best quality signal to the doctor for diagnosis. Application/ Improvement: The standard of Cardiac Signal can be enhanced by improving data acquisition methods.

Keywords

Adaptive Algorithms, Adaptive Noise Cancellers, Artifacts, Cardiac Signals, Proportionate NLMS.

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