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Experimental Studies of Nanofluid TiO2/CuO in a Heat Exchanger (Double Pipe)


  • Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Amity University, Amity Education Valley, Kant Kalwar, NH-11C, Jaipur Delhi Highway, Jaipur - 303002, Rajasthan, India
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Amity University, Amity Education Valley, Kant Kalwar, NH-11C, Jaipur Delhi Highway, Jaipur - 303002, Rajasthan, India


Objectives: Nanofluid TiO2/CuO was used in a heat exchanger (double pipe) for the observation of behaviour of heat transfer with flow rate and concentration of nanoparticles at ambient temperature. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Experimental data have been generated in double pipe heat exchanger using nanofluid and Gnielinski, Duangthongsuk and Wongwises, and Petukov correlation were used for the verification of the experimental data. Findings: The results predict that CuO act as a better nanoparticle in comparison to TiO2 due to high thermo-physical properties of the mixture, yield in the increase in heat transfer. Experimental results show that application of TiO2/CuO based nanofluid enhances coefficient of heat transfer by 5 % at 0.3% concentration by volume and a flow rate of 4 LPM respectively. Experimental observations were found to be fitted and revealed better agreement with Duangthongsuk and Wongwises correlations. Application/ Improvements: The results shows that TiO2/CuO based nanofluid are useful for improvement of the thermophysical properties yield in high heat transfer of heat exchanger used in process industries.


Coefficient of Heat Transfer, Double Pipe Heat Exchanger, Duangthongsuk and Wongwises Correlations, Nanofluid, Nusselt Number.

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