Total views : 295

Groundwater Potential Mapping of Ukmeh River Watershed Area of Upper Vindhyan Region using Remote Sensing and GIS

Affiliations

  • Department of Energy and Environment, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidalaya, Chitrakoot, Satna-485334, M.P., India
  • Department of Geology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221005, U.P., India

Abstract


The supply of groundwater is not unlimited and therefore its use should be properly planned based on the understanding of the groundwater system’s behavior in order to ensure its sustainable use. An attempt has been made in the present study to select and delineate different potential groundwater zones for the need of proper assessment of groundwater availability in the Ukmeh river watershed area which belongs to the upper Vindhyan region. In order to prepare various thematic maps viz. lithological, slope, lineament density, drainage density maps satellite IRS-IC LISS III, SRTM data, and Landsat TM digital were used. The weightage has been given to the thematic maps based on their relative contribution towards groundwater potentiality. In order to compute groundwater potential index, all the thematic maps with each other were registered. This was made with the help of ground control points and proper step by step integrated approach applying normalized aggregated method in GIS. So on the basis of final weight map and their ranking, groundwater potential zones were delineated. It was observed that groundwater potential zones in the present area of discussion can successfully be observed with the above integrated approach method. The potential zones are categorised into five parts namely very poor, poor, moderate, good and very good. The economic target areas in the resultant map have been marked by the very good to moderate potential zones. The majority of the study area found to be dominated by good to moderate prospect zone potentiality. The present technique used to delineate groundwater potential zones has been done in different areas but this area has not been studied so far so is now been first studied for groundwater potentiality using the technique.

Keywords

Geographic Information System, Groundwater Potential, Overlay Analysis, Remote Sensing, Ukmeh River.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 310)

References


  • Jensen JR. Digital Image Processing an Introductionary Prospective. New Jersey: Prentice Hall-Englewood Cliffs; 1986; 2(1):65.
  • Watershed Atlas of India. cgwb.gov.in/watershed.
  • Srivastava PK, Bhattacharya AK. Delineation of groundwater targeting in a hard rock terrain using fracture pattern modeling, Niva river basin, Andhra Pradesh, India. Hydrogeology Journal. 2000; 8(5):494–502.
  • Manimaran D. Groundwater geochemistry study using GIS in and around Vallanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu, India. Research Journal of Recent Sciences. 2012; 1(7):52–8.
  • Chaudhary BS, Beniwal A, Arya VS. Remote sensing applications in mapping of forest cover and potential afforestation sites for sustainable forest management. A case study of Rewari district, Haryana, India, World Forestry Congress.2003;17(8):2145–51.
  • Sharma B, Saraf AK. Study of land use groundwater relationship using an integrated remote sensing and GIS approach.[cited 2009 Sep 1];Available from: http://www.geospatialworld.net/article/study-of-landuse-groundwater-relationship-using-an-integrated-remote-sensing-and-gis-appraoch/
  • Sarkar BC. A geographic information system approach to evaluation of groundwater potentiality of Shamri micro-watershed in the Shimla taluk, Himachal Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 2001; 29(2):151–63.
  • Sen GD, Dwivedi L, Tripathi SK, Ghosh P, Awasthi A. Groundwater potential mapping of Sihu river watershed area of Mahoba district, U.P. using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Applied Research. 2015; 1(10):241–48.
  • Mayilvaganan MK, Mohana P, Naidu KB. Delineating groundwater potential zones in Thurinjapuram watershed using geospatial techniques. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2011 Nov; 4(11);1470–76.
  • Atif I, Mahboob MS, Waheed A. Spatio-temporal mapping and multi-sector damage assessment of 2014 flood in Pakistan using remote sensing and GIS. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015; 8(35):1–11.
  • Rao NS. Identification of groundwater potential zones using Remote Sensing techniques in and around Guntur town. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing. 2001; 29(1-2):69–78.
  • Sarkar BC. A GIS approach to morphometric analysis of Damodar river basin and groundwater potentiality mapping in Jharia coalfield. Bhujal-News Journal. 2011; 26(4):1–10.
  • Babu GRK, Chauhan PS, Subramanian SK. Application of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System in Groundwater Resource Management: A Case Study from Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir. Bhujal-News Journal. 2011; 25(3-4):1-29.
  • Central Ground Water Board, Report of group for suggesting New and alternate methods of ground water resources assessment, Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India, Faridabad. Available from: cgwb.gov.in/ground water/GW_assesment.htm.
  • Central Ground Water Board, Ground Water Resources of India, Ministry of Water Recourses Government of India, Faridabad. Available from: www.cgwb.gov.in/.
  • Samanta S, Pal DK, Lohar D, Pal B. Preparation of Digital Data Sets on Land Use/land Cover, Soil and Digital Elevation Model for Temperature Modelling Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2011 June; 4(6):636–42.
  • Ayodele OS, Odeyemi IB. Analysis of the Lineaments Extracted from LANDSATTM Image of the Area around Okemesi, South-Western Nigeria. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2010 Jan; 3(1):31–6.
  • Strahler AN, Chow VT. Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks. In: Ven Te Chow, editor. Handbook of Applied Hydrology. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company; 1964. p. 39–76.

Refbacks

  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »
  • »


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.