Total views : 193

Controlling Shapes and Sizes of Synthesis Silver Nanowires by Polyol Method using Polyvinyl Alcohol and Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone

Affiliations

  • Department of Physics, Universitas Lampung, Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
  • Department of Physics, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia

Abstract


Background/Objectives: To synthesis silver nanowires with Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) and Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) as a capping agent by the polyol method. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Synthesis of silver nanowires was done by adding PVA and PVP for controlling of Multi-Twinned Particles seeds (MTPs) before grown to silver nanowires. The silver nanowires were characterized by UV-vis, SEM and XRD techniques. PVA and PVP is to be absorbed on the surface of the Ag seeds through Ag-O bond to form silver nanowires. Reaction time and temperature, as well as the kind of capping agent, affected the morphologies and sizes of the silver nanowires. Findings: The UV-vis spectra of silver nanowires show that the absorbance peaks at a wavelength of 350 to 390 nm. SEM images showed the selective absorption of PVA and PVP on the side surfaces of {100} and {111} facets plays an important role in the growth of anisotropic silver nanostructures. The diameter and length of silver nanowires of PVA were (190 ± 10) nm and (80 ± 10) μm. The addition of PVP as a capping agent can decrease the diameter and length of silver nanowires about 100 nm and 10 to 20 μm, resfectively. XRD pattern of silver nanowires represented that the final product was highly crystallized. The crystal structurecan be identified as a face-centered cubic (fcc) with lattice constant according to the spacing distance between the {111} planes was 4.1454 Å for PVA and 4.0756 Å for PVP. Applications/Improvements: PVA can be used as a capping agent for the synthesis of silver nanowires with high aspect ratio. The silver nanowires are synthesized with PVA longer than PVP.

Keywords

Capping Agent, Polyvinyl Alcohol, Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone, Silver Nanowires.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 137)

References


  • Solomon SD, Bahadory M, Jeyarajasingam AV, Rutkowsky SA, Boritz C. Synthesis and study of silver nanoparticles. Journal of Chemical Education. 2007 Feb; 84(2):322–5. Crossref
  • Udapudi B, Naik P, Savadatti ST, Sharma R, Balgi S. Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 2012 Jul; 2(3):10–4.
  • Dzenis Y. Material science. Spinning continuous fibers for nanotechnology. Science. 2004 Jun; 304(5679):1917–9. PMid: 15218134. Crossref
  • Lewis BG, Paine DC. Applications and processing of transparent conducting oxides. MRS Bulletin. 2000 Aug; 25(08):22–7. Crossref
  • Wu Z, Chen Z, Du X, Logan JM, Sippel J, Nikolou M, Kamaras K, Reynolds JR, Tanner DB, HebardAF, Rinzler AG. Transparent, conductive carbon nanotube films. Science. 2004 Aug; 05(5688):1273–6. PMid: 15333836. Crossref
  • Meiss J, Riede MK, Leo K, Meiss J, Riede MK, Leo K. Towards efficient tin-doped Indium Oxide (ITO) free inverted organic solar cells using metal cathodes. Applied Physics Letters. 2009 Jan; 94(013303):92–5. Crossref
  • Bedford NM, Dickerson MB, Drummy LF, Koerner H, Singh KM, Vasudev MC, Durstock MF, Naik RR, Steckl AJ. Nanofiber based bulk heterojunction organic solar cells using coaxial electrospinning. Advanced Energy Materials. 2012 Sep; 2(9):1136–44.
  • Tokuno T, Nogi M, Jiu J, Suganuma K. Hybrid transparent electrodes of silver nanowires and carbon nanotubes: A low-temperature solution process. Nanoscale Research Letters. 2012; 7(1):281–6. PMid: 22650906, PMCid:PMC3464973. Crossref
  • Kim D, Zhu L, Jeong DJ, Chun K, Bang YY, Kim SR, Kim JH, Oh SK. Transparent flexible heater based on hybrid of carbon nanotubes and silver nanowires. Carbon. 2013 Jul; 63:530–6. Crossref
  • Johan MR, Azri N, Aznan K. Synthesis and growth mechanism of silver nanowires through different mediated agents (CuCl2 and NaCl) polyol process. Journal of Nanomaterials. 2014 May; 2014:1–7. Crossref
  • Amirjani A, Marashi P, Fatmehsari DH. Effect of AgNO3 addition rate on aspect ratio of CuCl2–mediated synthesized silver nanowires using response surface methodology. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2014 Dec; 444:33–9. Crossref
  • Chang YH, Lu YC, Chou KS. Diameter control of silver nanowires by chloride ions and its application as transparent conductive coating. Chemistry Letters. 2011 Sep; 40(12):1352–3. Crossref
  • Cheng T, Zhang Y, Lai W, Chen Y, Huang W. A rapid synthesis of high aspect ratio silver nanowires for high-performance transparent electrodes. Chinese Journal of Chemistry. 2015 Nov; 33(1):147–51. Crossref
  • Kang M, Chung E, Kim S, Rhee SW. Ag Nanowires prepared by a modified polyol method with 1,4-benzoquinone additives. Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society. 2014 Jul; 35(11):3209–12. Crossref
  • Lim GH, Lee SJ, Han I, Bok S, Lee JH, Nam J, Cho JH, Lim B. Polyol synthesis of silver nanostructures: Inducing the growth of nanowires by a heat-up process. Chemical Physics Letters. 2014; 602:10–5. Crossref
  • Lin JY, Hsueh YL, Huang JJ, Wu JR. Effect of silver nitrate concentration of silver nanowires synthesized using a polyol method and their application as transparent conductive films. Thin Solid Films. 2015; 584:243–7. Crossref
  • Zhang D, Qi L, Ma J, Cheng H. Formation of silver nanowires in aqueous solutions of a double-hydrophilic block copolymer. Chemistry of Materials. 2001 Jul; 13(9):2753–5. Crossref
  • Becker R, Soderlind F, Liedberg B, Kall P. Synthesis of silver nanowires in aqueous solutions. Materials Letters. 2010; 64(8):956–8. Crossref
  • Jia C, Yang P, Zhang A. Glycerol and ethylene glycol co-mediated synthesis of uniform multiple crystalline silver nanowires. Materials Chemistry and Physics. 2014 Oct; 143(2):794–800. Crossref
  • Shobin LR, Sastikumar D, Manivannan S. Glycerol mediated synthesis of silver nanowires for room temperature ammonia vapor sensing. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 2014 Apr; 214:74–80. Crossref
  • Lee HS, Kim YW, Kim JE, Yoon SW, Kim TY, Noh JS, Suh KS. Synthesis of dimension-controlled silver nanowires for highly conductive and transparent nanowire films. ActaMaterialia. 2015 Oct; 83:84–90. Crossref
  • Lin JY, Hsueh YL, Huang JJ. The concentration effect of capping agent for synthesis of silver nanowire by using the polyol method. Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 2014 Dec; 214:2–6. Crossref
  • Coskun S, Aksoy B, Unalan HE. Polyol synthesis of silver nanowires: An extensive parametric study. Crystal Growth and Design. 2011 Aug; 11:4963–9. Crossref
  • Zhang Y, Wang J, Yang P. Convenient synthesis of Ag nanowires with tunable length and morphology. Materials Research Bulletin. 2013 Nov; 48(2):461–8. Crossref
  • Lu J, Nguyen Q, Zhou J, Ping Z. Poly (vinyl alcohol)/Poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) interpenetrating polymer network: Synthesis and pervaporation properties. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2003 Nov; 89:2808–14. Crossref
  • Bernal A, Kuritka IVO, Saha P. Poly (vinyl alcohol)-poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) blends: Preparation and characterization for a prospective medical application. Mathematical Methods and Techniques in Engineering and Environmental Science; 2011. p. 431–4.
  • Rajeswari N, Selvasekarapandian S, Karthikeyan S, Prabu M, Hirankumar G, Nithya H, Sanjeeviraja C. Conductivity and dielectric properties of polyvinyl alcohol–polyvinylpyrrolidone poly blend film using non-aqueous medium. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2011 Aug; 357(22-23):3751– 6. Crossref
  • Chen H, Zhang P, He L, Sun J, Wang J, Qin C, Dai L. Preparation of Poly (vinyl alcohol) core/sheath micro/nanocomposite fibers containing silver nanowires. Fibers and Polymers. 2015 Jul; 16(10):2251–7. Crossref
  • Hatta FF, Yahya MZA, Ali AMM, Subban RHY, Harun MK, Mohamad AA. Electrical conductivity studies on PVA/ PVP-KOH alkaline solid polymer blend electrolyte. Ionics. 2005; 11(5-6):418–22. Crossref
  • Mao H, Feng J, Ma X, Wu C, Zhao X. One-dimensional silver nanowires synthesized by self-seeding polyol process. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 2012 Apr; 14(6):1–15. Crossref
  • Wiley B, Sun Y, Xia Y. Synthesis of silver nanostructures with controlled shapes and properties. Accounts of Chemical Research. 2007 Apr; 40(10):1067–76. PMid: 17616165. Crossref
  • Zhang W, Chen P, Gao Q, Zhang Y, Tang Y. High-concentration preparation of silver nanowires: Restraining in situ nitric acidic etching by steel-assisted polyol method. Chemistry of Materials. 2008 Nov; 20(5):1699–704. Crossref
  • Luu QN, Doorn JM, Berry MT, Jiang C, Lin C, May PS. Preparation and optical properties of silver nanowires and silver nanowire thin films. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2011 Jan; 356(1):151–8. PMid: 21276588. Crossref
  • Nghia NV, Truong NNK, Thong NM, Hung NP. Synthesis of nanowire-shaped silver by polyol process of sodium chloride. International Journal of Materials and Chemistry. 2012; 2(2):75–8. Crossref
  • Xia Y, Xiong Y, Lim B, Skrabalak SE. Shape-controlled synthesis of metal nanocrystals: simple chemistry meets complex physics? Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 2009 Dec; 48(1):60–103. PMid: 19053095 PMCid: PMC2791829. Crossref
  • Yang C, Tang Y, Su Z, Zhang Z, Fang C. Preparation of silver nanowires via a rapid, scalable and green pathway. Journal of Materials Science and Technology. 2015 May; 31(1):16– 22. Crossref
  • Sun Y, Mayers B, Herricks T, Xia Y. Polyol synthesis of uniform silver nanowires: A plausible growth mechanism and the supporting evidence. Nano Letters. 2003 May; 3(7):955–60. Crossref
  • Tang X, Tsuji M, Jiang P, Nishio M, Jang S-M, Yoon SH. Rapid and high-yield synthesis of silver nanowires using air-assisted polyol method with chloride ions. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2009 Dec; 338(1-3):33–9. Crossref
  • Triyana JK, Sosiati H, Suharyadi E, Harsoyo. Effect of temperature on silver nanorods synthesized by polyol method. Advanced Materials Research. 2015 Mar; 1123:256–9.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.